#living_thing__organism__being  a living (or once living) entity that has (or can develop) the ability to act or function independently
  subtype:  #life.living_thing  #biont  #animal  #plant  #denizen  #amphidiploid  #diploid  #haploid  #heteroploid  #polyploid  #animalcule  #microorganism  #aerobe  #anaerobe  #crossbreed  #polymorph  #congener  #plankton  #nekton {#parasite #host.living_thing}  #commensal  #myrmecophile {#eukaryote #prokaryote}  #zooid  #clone  #atavist  #individual  #mascot  #mutant.living_thing {#sitter #stander}  #vocalizer  #nonvascular_organism  #relict.living_thing  #saprophyte  #saprobe  #katharobe
  part:  #cell  #body_part
  substance:  #tissue
  supertype:  pm#entity_that_can_be_or_was_alive  e.g., an animal, a cell
     supertype:  dl#agentive_physical_object__APO  something or someone that can act on its own and produce changes in the world
        supertype:  dl#physical_object__POB
           supertype:  pm#physical_entity__object  spatial entity made of matter
              supertype:  dl#physical_endurant__PED
                 supertype:  pm#spatial_object__spatialobject  object which as a direct spatial location, e.g., physical object, spatial region or shape
                    supertype:  sumo#object__entity_with_spatial_feature  spatial object (space, location or physical object) or description medium/container (e.g., string, language, image); in a 4D ontology, an object is something whose spatiotemporal extent is thought of as dividing into spatial parts roughly parallel to the time-axis
                       supertype:  pm#entity  something that can be "involved" in a situation
                          supertype:  pm#thing__something___T__t___3D_or_4D_thing_or_anything_else  any category (type or individual) is instance of this type; any type is also a subtype of this type
                       supertype:  sumo#physical__physical_thing  an entity that has a location in space-time; locations are themselves understood to have a location in space-time; click here for more details on the identical category sowa#physical_thing
                          supertype:  pm#thing__something___T__t___3D_or_4D_thing_or_anything_else  any category (type or individual) is instance of this type; any type is also a subtype of this type
                    supertype:  cyc#partially_tangible__partiallytangible  A subcollection of cyc#SpatialThing-Localized and cyc#TemporalThing. Each instance of cyc#PartiallyTangible has a tangible (i.e. material) part and a temporal extent (i.e. it exists in time). It might or might not also have an intangible part. For example, a particular copy of a book is made of matter, has temporal extent, and also has an intangible part: the information content of the text markings on its pages.
                       supertype:  pm#thing__something___T__t___3D_or_4D_thing_or_anything_else  any category (type or individual) is instance of this type; any type is also a subtype of this type
                    supertype:  pm#individual__particular___supertype_of_1st_order_types  all individuals (for concepts or relations) are implicitely or explicitely instance of that type
                       supertype:  pm#thing__something___T__t___3D_or_4D_thing_or_anything_else  any category (type or individual) is instance of this type; any type is also a subtype of this type
                 supertype:  dl#endurant__ED
                    supertype:  pm#entity  something that can be "involved" in a situation
                    supertype:  3D#thing  an object seen from a 3D (or endurantist) perspective, i.e. where a spatial entity may have a time independent identity, as opposed for example to the 4D perspective where each spatial entity has an associated time frame; click here and here for details
                       supertype:  pm#thing__something___T__t___3D_or_4D_thing_or_anything_else  any category (type or individual) is instance of this type; any type is also a subtype of this type
                    supertype:  dl#endurant_or_perdurant__ED_or_PD
                       supertype:  dl#quality_or_endurant_or_perdurant__Q_or_ED_or_PD
                          supertype:  dl#entity  a category from DOLCE or generalized by a category from DOLCE
                             supertype:  pm#individual__particular___supertype_of_1st_order_types  all individuals (for concepts or relations) are implicitely or explicitely instance of that type
                 supertype:  dl#PQ_or_PED_or_PR_or_PD
                    supertype:  dl#quality_or_endurant_or_perdurant__Q_or_ED_or_PD
              supertype:  cyc#tangible  Something which is not intangible, something which is physical, made of matter. It does not matter whether things are real of imaginary. Therefore we consider Mickey Mouse's car and a hippogriff as  tangible things
                 supertype:  cyc#temporal_thing  The collection of all things that have temporal extent or location, i.e. things about which one might sensibly ask When? . cyc#TemporalThing thus contains many kinds of things, including events, physical objects, agreements, and abstract pieces of time. Note that cyc#TimePoint is a specialization of cyc#TemporalThing, since time points have temporal location, although they arguably lack temporal extent. Abstract things that are timeless -- such as mathematical sets, attributes, and numbers -- are of course _not_ instances of cyc#TemporalThing.
                    supertype:  pm#thing__something___T__t___3D_or_4D_thing_or_anything_else  any category (type or individual) is instance of this type; any type is also a subtype of this type
        supertype:  pm#causal_entity__agent  something (animal or software agent) able to act
           supertype:  pm#entity_playing_some_role  e.g., an agent, an owner
              supertype:  pm#entity  something that can be "involved" in a situation
              supertype:  pm#thing_that_can_be_seen_as_a_relation  usable as relation type
                 supertype:  pm#thing_playing_some_role  category to classify things according to roles/viewpoints; classification under this category is application-dependant
                    supertype:  pm#thing__something___T__t___3D_or_4D_thing_or_anything_else  any category (type or individual) is instance of this type; any type is also a subtype of this type
           supertype:  #causal_agent__cause__causal_agency  any entity that causes events to happen
              supertype:  pm#thing_playing_some_role  category to classify things according to roles/viewpoints; classification under this category is application-dependant
           supertype:  cyc#temporal_thing  The collection of all things that have temporal extent or location, i.e. things about which one might sensibly ask When? . cyc#TemporalThing thus contains many kinds of things, including events, physical objects, agreements, and abstract pieces of time. Note that cyc#TimePoint is a specialization of cyc#TemporalThing, since time points have temporal location, although they arguably lack temporal extent. Abstract things that are timeless -- such as mathematical sets, attributes, and numbers -- are of course _not_ instances of cyc#TemporalThing.

#living_thing has many specializing statements. Browse its subtypes, or click here for a search form or here to represent such an object.


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