pm#type  second-order type or more
  closed_exclusion:  pm#individual
  exclusion:  sumo#Attribute
  supertype:  pm#collection  sumo#abstract (sumo)
  subtype:  rdfs#class__clas  rdfs#class has pm#binary_relation_type as instance and hence is different from sumo#class
     subtype:  sumo#class__clas  classes differ from sets in three important respects: 1) classes are not assumed to be extensional, i.e. distinct classes might well have exactly the same instances, 2) classes typically have an associated `condition' that determines the instances of the class, e.g., the condition `human' determines the "class of humans" (note that some classes might satisfy their own condition (e.g., the "class of abstract things" is "abstract") and hence be instances of themselves), 3) the instances of a class may occur only once within the class, i.e. a class cannot contain duplicate instances
        subtype:  rdfs#datatype
        subtype:  owl#restriction
        subtype:  owl#all_different__alldifferent
        subtype:  owl#deprecated_class
        subtype:  dl#rigid__RG  "all" the instances of a rigid type must "necessarily" be of this type at all times; role types such as #student or pm#tired_person are "non-rigid" and even "anti-rigid" since it is always possible for "any" student or tired person to cease being student or tired without loosing its identity
        subtype:  dl#leaf_type__L  type without subtype
        subtype:  dl#non-empty__nonempty__NEP  such a type "necessarily" has at least one instance
           subtype:  dl#strongly_non-empty_perdurant
        subtype:  pm#situation_class__situationclas  all situation types are instance of this class
           subtype:  pm#sumo_process_class  all SUMO process types are instance of this class
              instance:  sumo#process__proces__physicalsituation  intuitively, the class of things that happen and have temporal parts or stages; examples include extended events like a football match or a race, actions like pursuing and reading, and biological processes; sumo#process is not identical to pm#situation because an instance of pm#situation is not necessarily an instance of sumo#physical
                 subtype:  sumo#dual_object_process  process requiring two nonidentical patients
                 subtype:  #state  the way something is with respect to its main attributes; "the current state of knowledge"; "his state of health"; "in a weak financial state"
                    subtype:  #skillfulness  the state of being cognitively skillful
                       subtype:  #expertness__expertise  skillfulness by virtue of possessing special knowledge
                          subtype:  #professionalism  the expertness characteristic of a professional person
                       subtype:  #coordination.skillfulness  the skillful and effective interaction of movements
                       subtype:  #versatility  having a wide variety of skills
                       subtype:  #command.skillfulness__control__mastery  great skillfulness and knowledge of some subject or activity; "a good command of French"
                       subtype:  #adeptness__adeptnes__adroitnes__deftness__facility__quickness__quicknes  skillful performance or ability without difficulty; "his quick adeptness was a product of good design"; "he was famous for his facility as an archer"
                          subtype:  #touch.adeptness  deftness in handling matters; "he has a master's touch"
                             subtype:  #finishing_touch__finishingtouch__capstone__copestone  a final touch; a crowning achievement; a culmination
                          subtype:  #manual_dexterity__dexterity__sleight  adroitness in using the hands
                       subtype:  #fluency  skillfulness in speaking or writing
                       subtype:  #proficiency.skillfulness__technique  skillfulness in the command of fundamentals deriving from practice and familiarity; "practice greatly improves proficiency"
                          subtype:  #brushwork  an artist's distinctive technique of applying paint with a brush
                          subtype:  #musketry.proficiency  the technique of using small arms (especially in battle)
                       subtype:  #efficiency.skillfulness  skillfulness in avoiding wasted time and effort; "she did the work with great efficiency"
                          subtype:  #economy  the efficient use of resources; "economy of effort"
                    subtype:  #cognitive_state__cognitivestate__state_of_mind  the state of a person's cognitive processes
                       subtype:  #interestedness  the state of being interested
                       subtype:  #amnesia__memory_loss__blackout  partial or total loss of memory: "he has a total blackout for events of the evening"
                          subtype:  #anterograde_amnesia__anterogradeamnesia__posttraumatic_amnesia__posttraumaticamnesia  loss of memory for events immediately following a trauma; sometimes in effect for events during and for a long time following the trauma
                          subtype:  #retrograde_amnesia  loss of memory for events immediately preceding a trauma
                          subtype:  #forgetfulness__forgetfulnes  tendency to forget
                          subtype:  #selective_amnesia__selectiveamnesia  amnesia about particular events that is very convenient for the person who cannot remember; "why do politicians always develop selective amnesia when questioned about their transgressions?"
                             subtype:  #posthypnotic_amnesia  selective amnesia after being in a hypnotic state of events occurring during hypnosis or of information designated by the hypnotist
                          subtype:  #transient_global_amnesia  memory disorder seen in middle aged and elderly persons; characterized by an episode of amnesia and bewilderment that lasts for several hours; person is otherwise alert and intellectually active
                       subtype:  #paramnesia  (psychiatry) a disorder of memory in which dreams or fantasies are confused with reality
                       subtype:  #set.cognitive_state__readiness__readines  (psychology) a temporary readiness to respond in a particular way; "the subjects' set led them to solve problems the familiar way and to overlook the simpler solution"; "his instructions deliberately gave them the wrong set"
                       subtype:  #ivory_tower__ivorytower  a state of mind that is discussed as if it were a place; "he lived in the ivory tower of speculation"; "they viewed universities as ivory towers"
                       subtype:  #consciousness__consciousnes  an alert cognitive state in which you are aware of yourself and your situation; "he lost consciousness"
                          subtype:  #stream_of_consciousness.consciousness__streamofconsciousnes  the continuous flow of ideas and feelings that constitute an individual's conscious experience
                          subtype:  #self.consciousness__ego  your consciousness of your own identity
                             subtype:  #anima  (Jungian psychology) the inner self (not the external persona) that is in touch with the unconscious
                          subtype:  #awareness__awarenes  state of elementary or undifferentiated consciousness; "the crash intruded on his awareness"
                          subtype:  #sensibility  mental responsiveness and awareness
                          subtype:  #waking  the state of remaining awake; "days of danger and nights of waking"
                             subtype:  #wakefulness__wakefulnes  a periodic state during which you are conscious and aware of the world
                                subtype:  #arousal.wakefulness  awakening from sleep
                                subtype:  #vigil  a period of sleeplessness
                       subtype:  #unconsciousness__unconsciousnes  a state lacking normal awareness of the environment
                          subtype:  #unknowingness__unknowingnes__unawarenes  unconsciousness resulting from lack of knowledge or attention
                             subtype:  #forgetfulness.unknowingness__forgetfulnes  unawareness caused by neglectful or heedless failure to remember; "his forgetfulness increased as he grew older"
                                subtype:  #obliviousness__obliviousnes  total forgetfulness; "he sought the great oblivion of sleep"
                             subtype:  #unselfconsciousness  the quality of being not self-conscious; unawareness of yourself or of others' views of yourself; "he had the unselfconsciousness of a child"
                          subtype:  #blackout.unconsciousness  a momentary loss of consciousness
                          subtype:  #semiconsciousness__semiconsciousnes__groggines__stupor__stupefaction  marginal consciousness; "his grogginess was caused as much by exhaustion and by the blows"; "someone stole his wallet while he was in a drunken stupor"
                          subtype:  #comatoseness__coma  a state of deep and often prolonged unconsciousness; usually the result of disease or injury
                             subtype:  #diabetic_coma__Kussmaul's_coma  coma that can develop in inadequately treated cases of diabetes mellitus
                             subtype:  #hepatic_coma__hepaticcoma  coma that can occur in severe cases of liver disease
                          subtype:  #electrosleep  unconsciousness brought about by the passage of a low voltage electric current through the brain
                          subtype:  #semicoma  a mild comatose state; a coma from which the person can be roused by appropriate stimuli
                          subtype:  #insensibility  a lack of sensibility
                          subtype:  #trance  a state of mind in which consciousness is fragile and voluntary action is poor or missing; a state resembling deep sleep
                             subtype:  #hypnotic_trance  a trance induced by the use of hypnosis; the person accepts the suggestions of the hypnotist
                             subtype:  #religious_trance__religioustrance__ecstatic_state  a trance induced by intense religious devotion; does not show reduced bodily functions that are typical of other trances
                          subtype:  #semitrance  a trance-like state in which the person can follow instructions but voluntary action is weak or absent
                          subtype:  #narcosis  unconsciousness induced by narcotics or anesthesia
                             subtype:  #nitrogen_narcosis  confused or stuporous state caused by high levels of dissolved nitrogen in the blood; "deep-sea divers can suffer nitrogen narcosis from breathing air under high pressure"
                       subtype:  #subconsciousness  a state of mind not immediately available to consciousness
                       subtype:  #curiosity__wonder  a state in which you want to learn more about something
                          subtype:  #desire_to_know__lust_for_learning__thirst_for_knowledge  curiosity that motivates investigation and study
                          subtype:  #interest.curiosity__involvement  a sense of concern with and curiosity about someone or something; "an interest in music"
                             subtype:  #enthusiasm.interest  a lively interest; "enthusiasm for his program is growing"
                                subtype:  #Anglomania  an excessive enthusiasm for all things English
                             subtype:  #concern  something that interests you because it is important or affects you; "the safety of the ship is the captain's concern"
                                subtype:  #worldly_concern__worldlyconcern__earthly_concern__earthlyconcern__world__earth  the concerns of the world as distinguished from heaven and the afterlife; "they consider the church to be independent of the world"
                                subtype:  #affair__matter__thing  a vaguely specified concern; "several matters to attend to"; "it is none of your affair"; "things are going well"
                                subtype:  #personal_business__affairs__affair  matters of personal concern: "get his affairs in order"
                                subtype:  #part.concern  so far as concerns the actor specified; "it requires vigilance on our part" or "they resisted every effort on his part"
                                subtype:  #point_of_honor  a concern that seriously reflects on your honor
                          subtype:  #curiousness__inquisitiveness  a state of active curiosity
                             subtype:  #nosiness__prying__snoopiness  offensive inquisitiveness
                       subtype:  #mental_confusion__confusion__disarray  a mental state characterized by a lack of clear and orderly thought and behavior
                          subtype:  #disorientation  confusion about what you are or what you are doing
                          subtype:  #distraction.mental_confusion  mental turmoil; "he drives me to distraction"
                          subtype:  #daze__fog__haze  confusion characterized by lack of clarity
                          subtype:  #half-cock  confusion resulting from lack of preparation
                          subtype:  #jamais_vu  the experience of being unfamiliar with a person or situation that is actually very familiar; associated with certain types of epilepsy
                          subtype:  #bewilderment__obfuscation__befuddlement__mystification__bafflement__bemusement  confusion resulting from failure to understand
                          subtype:  #perplexity  trouble or confusion resulting from complexity
                             subtype:  #mystery__enigma__secret__closed_book  something that baffles understanding and cannot be explained; "how it got out is a mystery"; "it remains one of nature's secrets"
                             subtype:  #maze__tangle__snarl  something jumbled or confused; "a tangle of government regulations"
                             subtype:  #dilemma__quandary  state of uncertainty or perplexity especially as requiring a choice between equally unfavorable options
                                subtype:  #double_bind  (psychology) an unresolvable dilemma; situation in which a person receives contradictory messages from a person who is very powerful
                       subtype:  #certainty  the state of being certain: "his certainty reassured the others"
                          subtype:  #self-assurance__assurance__confidence__self-confidence__authority__sureness  freedom from doubt; belief in yourself and your abilities; "his assurance in his superiority did not make him popular"; "after that failure he lost his confidence"; "she spoke with authority"
                          subtype:  #certitude__cocksureness__overconfidence  total certainty or greater certainty that circumstances warrant
                          subtype:  #reliance.certainty__trust  certainty based on past experience; "he wrote the paper with considerable reliance on the work of other scientists"; "he put more trust in his own two legs than in the gun"
                       subtype:  #uncertainty__incertitude__doubtfulness__dubiousness  the state of being unsure of something
                          subtype:  #mental_reservation__reservation__arriere_pensee__arrierepensee  an unstated doubt that prevents you from accepting something wholeheartedly
                          subtype:  #mistrust__misgiving__distrust__suspicion  doubt about someone's honesty
                          subtype:  #incredulity__disbelief__skepticism__mental_rejection  doubt about the truth of something
                          subtype:  #irresolution__indecision__indecisiveness  doubt concerning two or more possible alternatives or courses of action; "his indecision was only momentary but the opportunity was lost"
                             subtype:  #vacillation__hesitation__wavering  indecision in speech or action
                          subtype:  #suspense  an uncertain cognitive state; "the matter remained in suspense for several years"
                       subtype:  #preoccupation.cognitive_state__preoccupancy__absorption__engrossment  the mental state of being preoccupied by something
                          subtype:  #abstractedness__abstraction  preoccupation with something to the exclusion of all else
                             subtype:  #reverie__revery  an abstracted state of absorption
                                subtype:  #dream.reverie  a state of mind characterized by abstraction and release from reality; "he went about his work as if in a dream"
                                subtype:  #brown_study__brownstudy  a state of deep absorption or thoughtfulness
                          subtype:  #absentmindedness  preoccupation so great that the ordinary demands on attention are ignored
                       subtype:  #inwardness.cognitive_state__inwardnes  preoccupation especially with one's attitudes and ethical or ideological values: "the sensitiveness of James's characters, their seeming inwardness"; "Socrates' inwardness, integrity, and inquisitiveness"
                       subtype:  #outwardness.cognitive_state  concern with outward things or material objects (especially the body and its appearance) as opposed to the mind and spirit: "hearty showmanship and all-around outwardness"
                    subtype:  #cleavage.state  the state of being split or cleft
                    subtype:  #medium.state  a state that is intermediate between extremes; a middle position; "a happy medium"
                    subtype:  #condition  a mode of being or form of existence of a person or things: "the human condition"
                       subtype:  #fate__fortune__destiny__luck__lot__circumstances__circumstance__portion  your overall circumstances or condition in life (including everything that happens to you): "whatever my fortune may be"; "deserved a better fate"; "has a happy lot"; "the luck of the Irish"; "a victim of circumstances"; "success that was her portion"
                          subtype:  #good_fortune__good_luck  a auspicious state resulting from favorable outcomes
                             subtype:  #successfulness__prosperity  the condition of prospering; having good fortune
                                subtype:  #wellbeing__well-being__welfare__upbeat__eudaemonia__eudaimonia  a contented state of being happy and healthy and prosperous; "the town was finally on the upbeat after our recent troubles"
                                   subtype:  #fool's_paradise  an illusory state of wellbeing
                                   subtype:  #health  a healthy state of wellbeing free from disease; "physicians should be held responsible for the health of their patients"
                                subtype:  #strength.successfulness  the condition of financial success; "the strength of the company's stock in recent weeks"
                                subtype:  #success.successfulness__succes  a state of prosperity or fame; "he is enjoying great success"; "he does not consider wealth synonymous with success"
                                   subtype:  #big_time__bigtime  the highest level of an occupation (especially in entertainment)
                                   subtype:  #pay_dirt__paydirt  a profitable success; "the inventor worked for years before hitting pay dirt"
                             subtype:  #boon__blessing  a desirable state; "enjoy the blessings of peace"; "a spanking breeze is a boon to sailors"
                                subtype:  #mercy.boon  something for which to be thankful; "it was a mercy we got out alive"
                          subtype:  #providence.fate  a manifestation of God's foresightful care for His creatures
                          subtype:  #tough_luck__toughluck__misfortune__bad_luck__badluck__ill_luck__illluck  an unfortunate state resulting from unfavorable outcomes
                             subtype:  #weakness.tough_luck__weaknes  the condition of being financially weak; "the weakness of the dollar against the yen"
                             subtype:  #adversity.tough_luck__hardship  a state of misfortune or affliction: "debt-ridden farmers struggling with adversity"; "a life of hardship"
                                subtype:  #ill-being__illbeing  lack of prosperity or happiness or health
                                   subtype:  #wretchedness__misery  a state of ill-being due to affliction or misfortune; "the misery and wretchedness of those slums is intolerable"
                                      subtype:  #living_death  a state of constant misery
                                      subtype:  #woe__suffering  misery resulting from affliction
                                subtype:  #catastrophe__disaster  a state of extreme (usually irremediable) ruin and misfortune; "lack of funds has resulted in a catastrophe for our school system"; "his policies were a disaster"
                                subtype:  #extremity.adversity  an extreme condition or state (especially of adversity or disease)
                                   subtype:  #bitter_end  the final extremity (however unpleasant it may be); "he was determined to fight to the bitter end"
                                subtype:  #distress  a state of adversity (danger or affliction or need); "a ship in distress"; "she was the classic maiden in distress"
                                   subtype:  #anguish  extreme distress of body or mind
                                   subtype:  #throe.distress  hard or painful trouble or struggle: "a country in the throes of economic collapse"
                                subtype:  #affliction.adversity  a state of great suffering and distress due to adversity
                                   subtype:  #cross.affliction__cros__crownofthorn  any affliction that causes great suffering; "that is his cross to bear"; "he bears his afflictions like a crown of thorns"
                                subtype:  #nadir.adversity__low-water_mark__lowwatermark  an extreme state of adversity; the lowest point of anything
                          subtype:  #failure.fate  lack of success
                             subtype:  #bankruptcy.failure  a state of complete lack of some abstract property; "spiritual bankruptcy"; "moral bankruptcy"; "intellectual bankruptcy"
                             subtype:  #bank_failure  the inability of a bank to meet its credit obligations
                             subtype:  #crop_failure  the failure of crops to produce a marketable surplus
                       subtype:  #amphidiploidy  the condition of being amphidiploid
                       subtype:  #diploidy  the condition of being diploid
                       subtype:  #haploidy  the condition of being haploid
                       subtype:  #heteroploidy  the condition of being heteroploid
                       subtype:  #polyploidy  the condition of being polyploid
                       subtype:  #mosaicism  the condition in which an organism has two or more cell populations that differ in genetic makeup
                       subtype:  #orphanage  the condition of being a child without living parents; "his early orphanage shaped his character as an adult"
                       subtype:  #transsexualism  condition in which a person assumes the identity and permanently acts the part of the gender opposite to his or her biological sex
                    subtype:  #condition.state__status  a condition or state at a particular time: "a condition (or state) of disrepair"; "the current status of the arms negotiations"
                       subtype:  #health.state  the general condition of body and mind; "his delicate health"; "in poor health"
                       subtype:  #mode  a particular functioning condition or arrangement; "switched from keyboard to voice mode"
                       subtype:  #ecological_niche__niche  (ecology) the status of an organism within its environment and community (affecting its survival as a species)
                       subtype:  #noise_conditions  the condition of being noisy (as in a communication channel)
                       subtype:  #prepossession  the condition of being prepossessed; "the king's prepossession in my favor is very valuable"
                       subtype:  #saturation.state  a condition in which a quantity no longer responds to some external influence
                       subtype:  #silence.state  the state of being silent (as when no one is speaking); "there was a shocked silence": "he gestured for silence"
                       subtype:  #situation__position  a condition or position in which you find yourself: "the unpleasant situation (or position) of having to choose between two evils"; "found herself in a very fortunate situation"
                          subtype:  #shoes__place  a particular situation: "If you were in my place what would you do?"
                          subtype:  #soup.situation  (informal) an unfortunate situation; "we're in the soup now"
                          subtype:  #stymie.situation  a situation in golf where an opponent's ball blocks the line between your ball and the hole
                       subtype:  #ski_conditions  the amount and state of snow for skiing
                       subtype:  #stigmatism  (optics) condition of an optical system (as a lens) in which light rays from a single point converge in a single focal point
                       subtype:  #astigmatism__astigmia  (optics) defect in an optical system in which light rays from a single point fail to converge in a single focal point
                       subtype:  #social_stratification__stratification  the condition of being arranged in social strata or classes
                       subtype:  #way.state  the condition of things generally; "that's the way it is" or "I felt the same way"
                       subtype:  #ordinary.state  the expected or commonplace condition or situation: "not out of the ordinary"
                       subtype:  #circumstance  a condition that accompanies or influences some event or activity
                          subtype:  #event.circumstance__case  a special set of circumstances; "in that event, the first possibility is excluded"; "it may rain in which case the picnic will be canceled"
                          subtype:  #hinge  a circumstance upon which subsequent events depend; "his absence is the hinge of our plan"
                       subtype:  #homelessness  the state or condition of having no home (especially the state of living in the streets)
                          subtype:  #vagrancy  the state of wandering from place to place; having no permanent home or means of livelihood
                       subtype:  #reinstatement.state  the condition of being reinstated; "her reinstatement to her former office followed quickly"
                       subtype:  #place.state  proper or appropriate position or location; "a woman's place is no longer in the kitchen"
                       subtype:  #celibacy  an unmarried status (as because of religious vows)
                       subtype:  #virginity  the condition or quality of being a virgin
                       subtype:  #innocence  a state or condition of being innocent of a specific crime or offense; "the trial established his innocence"
                          subtype:  #blamelessness__blamelessnes__inculpableness__guiltlessness__guiltlessnes  a state of innocence
                          subtype:  #clear  the state of being free of suspicion: "investigation showed that he was in the clear"
                       subtype:  #sinlessness__sinlessnes__innocence  the state of being free from sin or moral wrong; lacking a knowledge of evil
                          subtype:  #cleanness  without moral defects
                       subtype:  #guilt__guiltines  the state of having committed an offense
                          subtype:  #blameworthiness__blameworthines__culpableness  a state of guilt
                          subtype:  #bloodguilt  the state of being guilty of bloodshed and murder
                          subtype:  #complicity  guilt as an accomplice in a crime or offense
                          subtype:  #criminalism__criminality__criminalness  the state of being a criminal
                          subtype:  #guilt_by_association  the attribution of guilt (without proof) to individuals because the people they associate with are guilty
                          subtype:  #impeachability__indictability  the state of being liable to impeachment
                       subtype:  #encapsulation  the condition of being encapsulated; "the encapsulation of tendons in membranous sheaths"
                       subtype:  #polarisation__polarization  the condition of having or giving polarity
                       subtype:  #physiological_state__physiologicalstate__physiological_condition__physiologicalcondition  the condition of the body or bodily functions
                          subtype:  #wakefulness__wakefulnes  a periodic state during which you are conscious and aware of the world
                          subtype:  #incompatibility.physiological_state  (immunology) the degree to which the body's immune system will try to reject foreign material (as transfused blood or transplanted tissue)
                             subtype:  #histoincompatibility  incompatibility in which one person's tissue cannot be transplanted to another person
                             subtype:  #Rh_incompatibility  incompatibility of Rh blood types; a transfusion of Rh-positive blood given to a Rh-negative person (or vice versa) can result in hemolysis and anemia
                          subtype:  #acathexia  an inability to retain bodily secretions
                          subtype:  #angiotelectasia  dilation and enlargement of arterioles
                          subtype:  #torpor__torpidity  a state of motor and mental inactivity with a partial suspension of sensibility; "he fell into a deep torpor"
                             subtype:  #hibernation.torpor  the torpid or resting state in which some animals pass the winter
                             subtype:  #sluggishness__lethargy__lassitude  a state of comatose torpor (as found in sleeping sickness)
                                subtype:  #hebetude  mental lethargy or dullness
                          subtype:  #agalactia__agalactosi  a condition in which milk is not secreted in the mother's breasts after her child has been delivered
                          subtype:  #anesthesia__anaesthesia  loss of bodily sensation with or without loss of consciousness
                             subtype:  #cryoanesthesia__cryoanaesthesia  insensibility resulting from cold
                             subtype:  #general_anesthesia__generalanesthesia__general_anaesthesia__generalanaesthesia  a state of total unconsciousness resulting from anesthetic drugs (as for a major surgical operation)
                                subtype:  #inhalation_anesthesia  general anesthesia achieved by administration of an inhalation anesthetic
                                subtype:  #twilight_sleep  a state of general anesthesia in which the person retains a slight degree of consciousness; can be induced by injection of scopolamine or morphine
                             subtype:  #local_anesthesia__localanesthesia__local_anaesthesia__localanaesthesia  loss of sensation in a small area of the body (as when a local anesthetic is injected for a tooth extraction)
                             subtype:  #conduction_anesthesia__conduction_anaesthesia__nerve_block_anesthesia__nerveblockanesthesia__nerve_block_anaesthesia__block_anesthesia__blockanesthesia__blockanaesthesia  anesthesia of an area supplied by a nerve; produced by an anesthetic agent applied to the nerve
                             subtype:  #regional_anesthesia__regional_anaesthesia  loss of sensation in a region of the body produced by application of an anesthetic agent to all the nerves supplying that region (as when an epidural anesthetic is administered to the pelvic region during childbirth)
                                subtype:  #acroanesthesia__acroanaesthesia  loss of sensation in the extremities
                                subtype:  #caudal_anesthesia__caudal_anaesthesia__caudal_block  regional anesthesia resulting from injection of an anesthetic into the caudal end of the spinal canal; now largely replaced by epidural anesthesia
                                subtype:  #epidural_anesthesia__epidural_anaesthesia__epidural  regional anesthesia resulting from injection of an anesthetic into the epidural space of the spinal cord; sensation is lost in the abdominal and genital and pelvic areas; used in childbirth and gynecological surgery
                                subtype:  #paracervical_block  regional anesthesia resulting from the injection of a local anesthetic on each side of the cervix; used during labor and childbirth
                                subtype:  #pudendal_block  regional anesthesia resulting from the use of a local anesthetic to deaden the pudendal nerves in the region of the vulva and labia majora; used to ease discomfort during childbirth
                                subtype:  #spinal_anesthesia__spinal_anaesthesia__spinal  anesthesia of the lower half of the body; caused by injury to the spinal cord or by injecting an anesthetic beneath the arachnoid membrane that surrounds the spinal cord
                                   subtype:  #saddle_block_anesthesia__saddle_block_anaesthesia  the parts of a patient's body that would touch a saddle if the patient were sitting in one are anesthetized by injecting a local anesthetic into the spinal cord
                             subtype:  #topical_anesthesia__topicalanesthesia__topical_anaesthesia__topicalanaesthesia  loss of sensation confined to the skin or mucous surfaces (as when benzocaine or lidocaine is applied to the surface)
                          subtype:  #anhidrosis__anhydrosis  failure of the sweat glands
                          subtype:  #arousal  a state of heightened physiological activity
                             subtype:  #alertness__alertnes  a state of readiness to respond; "alerting was indicated by the desynchronization of the EEG"
                             subtype:  #emotional_arousal__emotionalarousal  the arousal of strong emotions and emotional behavior
                                subtype:  #angriness__angrines  the state of being angry
                                   subtype:  #rage  a state of extreme anger; "she fell into a rage and refused to answer"
                                subtype:  #excitement  the state of being excited; "his face was flushed with excitement and his hands trembled"
                             subtype:  #excitation.arousal__innervation  the neural or electrical arousal of an organ or muscle or gland
                             subtype:  #sexual_arousal  the arousal of sexual desires in preparation for sexual behavior
                                subtype:  #eroticism__erotism  a state of anticipation of sexuality
                                subtype:  #horniness__hornines__hotnes__hotpant  (informal) a state of sexual arousal
                                subtype:  #hard-on__erection  an erect penis
                             subtype:  #desire.arousal  something that is desired
                                subtype:  #rage.desire__passion  something that is desired intensely; "his rage for fame destroyed him"
                                subtype:  #materialism__philistinism  a desire for wealth and material possessions with little interest in ethical or spiritual matters
                          subtype:  #sleep.physiological_state  a natural and periodic state of rest during which consciousness of the world is suspended; "he didn't get enough sleep last night"; "calm as a child in dreamless slumber"
                             subtype:  #sleeping.sleep  the state of being asleep
                             subtype:  #orthodox_sleep__nonrapid_eye_movement_sleep__NREM_sleep__nonrapid_eye_movement__NREM  a recurring sleep state during which rapid eye movements do not occur and dreaming does not occur; accounts for about 75% of normal sleep time
                             subtype:  #paradoxical_sleep__paradoxicalsleep__rapid_eye_movement_sleep__REM_sleep__rapid_eye_movement__rapideyemovement__REM  a recurring sleep state during which dreaming occurs; a state of Rapid Eye Movements during sleep
                             subtype:  #shuteye  informal term for sleep
                          subtype:  #sleep  a torpid state resembling sleep
                          subtype:  #drive.physiological_state  a physiological state corresponding to a strong need or desire
                             subtype:  #hungriness__hunger  a physiological need for food
                                subtype:  #bulimia  pathologically insatiable hunger (especially when caused by brain lesions)
                                subtype:  #emptiness.hungriness__emptines  having an empty stomach
                                subtype:  #edacity__esurience__ravenousness__voracity__voraciousness__voraciousnes  excessive desire to eat
                                subtype:  #starvation__famishment  a state of extreme hunger resulting from lack of essential nutrients over a prolonged period
                                subtype:  #undernourishment__malnourishment  not having enough food to develop or function formally
                             subtype:  #thirst  a physiological need to drink
                                subtype:  #dehydration  depletion of bodily fluids
                                subtype:  #polydipsia  excessive thirst (as in cases of diabetes or kidney dysfunction)
                             subtype:  #sex_drive__sexdrive  a physiological need for sexual activity; "testosterone is responsible for the male sex drive"
                             subtype:  #hypoxia  a very strong drive resulting from a deficiency of available oxygen in the blood and bodily tissues (short of anoxia)
                                subtype:  #anemic_hypoxia  hypoxia resulting from a decreased concentration of hemoglobin
                                subtype:  #hypoxic_hypoxia__hypoxichypoxia  hypoxia resulting from defective oxygenation of the blood in the lungs
                                subtype:  #ischemic_hypoxia__stagnant_hypoxia  hypoxia resulting from slow peripheral circulation (such as follows congestive cardiac failure)
                                subtype:  #altitude_sickness  effects (as nosebleed or nausea) of oxygen deficiency in the blood and tissues at high altitudes
                                   subtype:  #mountain_sickness  nausea and shortness of breath experienced by mountain climbers above ten thousand feet
                                subtype:  #anoxia  severe hypoxia; absence of oxygen in inspired gases or in arterial blood or in the tissues
                                   subtype:  #anemic_anoxia  anoxia resulting from a decreased concentration of hemoglobin
                                   subtype:  #anoxic_anoxia  anoxia resulting from defective oxygenation of the blood in the lungs
                                   subtype:  #ischemic_anoxia__stagnant_anoxia  anoxia resulting from slow peripheral circulation (such as follows congestive cardiac failure)
                          subtype:  #elastosis__elastosi  breakdown of elastic tissue (as the loss of elasticity in the skin of elderly people that results from degeneration of connective tissue)
                          subtype:  #flatulence__flatulency__gas  a state of excessive gas in the alimentary canal
                          subtype:  #estrus__oestrus__heat__rut  applies to nonhuman mammals: a state or period of heightened sexual arousal and activity
                          subtype:  #anestrus__anestrum__anoestrus__anoestru__anoestrum  applies to nonhuman mammals: a state or interval of sexual inactivity between two periods of estrus
                             subtype:  #diestrus__diestrum  (of animals having several estrous cycles in one breeding season) a state or interval of sexual inactivity or quiescence between periods of activity
                          subtype:  #hypercapnia__hypercarbia  the presence of an abnormally high level of carbon dioxide in the circulating blood
                          subtype:  #hypocapnia__acapnia  a state in which the level of carbon dioxide in the blood is lower than normal; can result from deep or rapid breathing
                          subtype:  #asphyxia  a condition in which insufficient or no oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged on a ventilatory basis; caused by choking or drowning or electric shock or poison gas
                          subtype:  #oxygen_debt  a cumulative deficit of oxygen resulting from intense exercise; the deficit must be made up when the body returns to rest
                          subtype:  #hyperthermia__hyperthermy  abnormally high body temperature; sometimes induced (as in treating some forms of cancer)
                             subtype:  #hyperpyrexia  extremely high fever (especially in children)
                          subtype:  #normothermia  normal body temperature
                          subtype:  #hypothermia  subnormal body temperature
                          subtype:  #myasthenia  any muscular weakness
                          subtype:  #sterility__infertility  the state of being unable to produce offspring; in a woman it is an inability to conceive; in a man it is an inability to impregnate
                             subtype:  #impotence__impotency  an inability (usually of a male) to copulate
                                subtype:  #erectile_dysfunction__male_erecticle_dysfunction__ED  impotence resulting from a man's inability to have or maintain an erection of his penis
                             subtype:  #barrenness  the state (usually of a woman) of having no children or being unable to have children
                             subtype:  #cacogenesis__cacogenesi  inability to produce hybrids that are both viable and fertile
                             subtype:  #dysgenesis  infertility between hybrids
                          subtype:  #false_pregnancy__falsepregnancy__pseudocyesis  physiological state in which a woman exhibits symptoms of pregnancy but is not pregnant
                          subtype:  #pregnancy__gestation  the state of being pregnant; the period from conception to birth when a woman carries a developing fetus in her uterus
                             subtype:  #trouble.pregnancy  an unwanted pregnancy; "he got several girls in trouble"
                             subtype:  #gravidity__gravidness  a technical term for pregnancy
                             subtype:  #gravida.pregnancy  the number of the pregnancy that a woman is in; "in her third pregnancy a woman is said to be gravida three"
                             subtype:  #parity.pregnancy__para  (obstetrics) the number of live-born children a woman has delivered; "the parity of the mother must be considered"; "a bipara is a woman who has given birth to two children"
                             subtype:  #ectopic_pregnancy__ectopicpregnancy__extrauterine_pregnancy__ectopic_gestation__ectopicgestation__extrauterine_gestation__eccyesis__metacyesis  pregnancy resulting from gestation elsewhere than in the uterus
                                subtype:  #abdominal_pregnancy  ectopic pregnancy in the abdominal cavity
                                subtype:  #ovarian_pregnancy__ovarianpregnancy  ectopic pregnancy in the ovary
                                subtype:  #tubal_pregnancy__tubalpregnancy  ectopic pregnancy in a Fallopian tube
                             subtype:  #entopic_pregnancy__entopicpregnancy  pregnancy resulting from normal gestation in the uterus
                             subtype:  #placenta_previa  pregnancy in which the placenta is implanted in the lower part of the uterus (instead of the upper part); can cause bleeding late in pregnancy; delivery by cesarean section may be necessary
                          subtype:  #rigor_mortis.physiological_state__rigormorti  temporary stiffness of joints and muscular rigidity occurring after death
                          subtype:  #good_health__healthiness  the state of being vigorous and free from bodily or mental disease
                             subtype:  #haleness__wholeness__wholenes  a state of robust good health
                             subtype:  #vitality__energy__vim  a healthy capacity for vigorous activity; "jogging works off my excess energy"; "he seemed full of vim and vigor"
                             subtype:  #rosiness__bloom__blush__flush  a rosy color (especially in the cheeks) taken as a sign of good health
                             subtype:  #freshness.good_health__freshnes  an alert and refreshed state
                             subtype:  #radiance  an attractive combination of good health and happiness; "the radiance of her countenance"
                             subtype:  #condition.good_health__shape  the state of (good) health (especially in the phrases "in condition" or "in shape" or "out of condition" or "out of shape")
                                subtype:  #physical_fitness__fitness__fitnes__goodshape__good_condition  good physical condition; being in shape or in condition
                                   subtype:  #fettle  a state of fitness and good health; "in fine fettle"
                          subtype:  #fertility__fecundity  the state of being fertile; capable of producing offspring
                          subtype:  #potency  the state of being potent; a male's capacity to have sexual intercourse
                          subtype:  #ill_health__illhealth__unhealthiness__unhealthines__healthproblem  a state in which you are unable to function normally and without pain
                             subtype:  #dyscrasia  an abnormal or physiologically unbalanced state of the body
                                subtype:  #blood_dyscrasia__blooddyscrasia  any abnormal condition of the blood
                                   subtype:  #blood_disease__blood_disorder__blooddisorder  a disease or disorder of the blood
                                      subtype:  #cytopenia  a deficiency of some cellular element of the blood
                                         subtype:  #hematocytopenia__haematocytopenia  an abnormally low number of red blood cells in the blood
                                         subtype:  #pancytopenia  an abnormal deficiency in all blood cells (red blood cells and white blood cells and platelets); usually associated with bone marrow tumor or with aplastic anemia
                                      subtype:  #acidemia  a blood disorder characterized by an increased concentration of hydrogen ions in the blood (which falls below 7 on the pH scale)
                                      subtype:  #alkalemia  a blood disorder characterized by a lower concentration of hydrogen ions in the blood (which rises above 7.45 on the pH scale)
                                      subtype:  #acanthocytosis  the presence of acanthocytes in the blood stream (as in abetalipoproteinemia)
                                      subtype:  #agranulocytosis__agranulocytosi__agranulosis__agranulosi__granulocytopenia  an acute blood disorder (often caused by radiation or drug therapy) characterized by severe reduction in granulocytes
                                      subtype:  #analbuminemia  an abnormally low level of albumin in the blood serum
                                      subtype:  #Banti's_disease__Banti's_syndrome  a disease characterized by congestion and enlargement of the spleen; accompanied by anemia or cirrhosis
                                      subtype:  #parasitemia__parasitaemia  a condition in which parasites are present in the blood
                                      subtype:  #hemophilia__haemophilia__bleeder's_disease__bleeder'sdisease  congenital tendency to uncontrolled bleeding; usually affects males and is transmitted from mother to son
                                         subtype:  #hemophilia_A__haemophilia_A__classical_hemophilia__classicalhemophilia__classical_haemophilia__classicalhaemophilia  hemophilia caused by a congenital deficiency of factor VIII; occurs almost exclusively in men
                                         subtype:  #hemophilia_B__haemophilia_B__Christmas_disease  a clotting disorder similar to hemophilia A but caused by a congenital deficiency of factor IX
                                         subtype:  #von_Willebrand's_disease__angiohemophilia__vascular_hemophilia  a form of hemophilia discovered by Erik von Willebrand; a genetic disorder that is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait; characterized by a deficiency of the coagulation factor and by mucosal bleeding
                                      subtype:  #afibrinogenemia  the absence of fibrinogen in the plasma leading to prolonged bleeding
                                         subtype:  #congenital_afibrinogenemia  a rare congenital disorder of blood coagulation in which no fibrinogen is found in the blood plasma
                                      subtype:  #blood_poisoning__bloodpoisoning__septicemia__septicaemia  invasion of the bloodstream by virulent microorganisms from a focus of infection
                                         subtype:  #puerperal_fever__puerperalfever__childbed_fever  serious form of septicemia contracted by a woman during childbirth or abortion (usually attributable to unsanitary conditions); formerly widespread but now uncommon
                                         subtype:  #pyemia__pyaemia  septicemia caused by pus-forming bacteria released from an abscess
                                         subtype:  #toxemia__toxaemia  blood poisoning caused by bacterial toxic substances in the blood
                                         subtype:  #fowl_cholera  an acute diarrheal disease (especially of chickens) caused by the microorganism that causes hemorrhagic septicemia
                                         subtype:  #shipping_fever__shipping_pneumonia  a deadly form of septicemia in cattle and sheep; involves high fever and pneumonia; contracted under conditions of exposure or exhaustion (as often happens when the animals are shipped to market)
                                      subtype:  #hemoglobinopathy__haemoglobinopathy  a blood disease characterized by the presence of abnormal hemoglobins in the blood
                                      subtype:  #histiocytosis__histiocytosi  a blood disease characterized by an abnormal multiplication of macrophages
                                         subtype:  #Hand-Schuller-Christian_disease__Schuller-Christian_disease  inflammatory histiocytosis associated with disturbance of cholesterol metabolism; occurs chiefly in young children and is characterized by cystic defects of the skull and diabetes insipidus
                                      subtype:  #hydremia  blood disorder in which there is excess fluid volume compared with the cell volume of the blood
                                      subtype:  #hypothrombinemia  a low level of prothrombin (factor II) in the circulating blood; results in long clotting time and poor clot formation and sometimes excessive bleeding; can result from vitamin K deficiency
                                      subtype:  #hypervolemia__hypervolaemia  a blood disorder consisting of an increase in the volume of circulating blood
                                      subtype:  #hypovolemia__hypovolaemia  a blood disorder consisting of a decrease in the volume of circulating blood
                                      subtype:  #anemia__anaemia  a deficiency of red blood cells
                                         subtype:  #aplastic_anemia__aplastic_anaemia  anemia characterized by pancytopenia resulting from failure of the bone marrow; can be caused by neoplasm or by toxic exposure
                                         subtype:  #erythroblastosis_fetalis  severe anemia in newborn babies; the result of Rh incompatibility between maternal and fetal blood; typically occurs when the child of an Rh-negative mother inherits Rh-positive blood from the father; can be diagnosed before birth by amniocentesis
                                         subtype:  #Fanconi's_anemia__Fanconi's_anaemia__congenital_pancytopenia  a rare congenital anemia characterized by pancytopenia and hypoplasia of the bone marrow
                                         subtype:  #favism  anemia resulting from eating fava beans; victims have an inherited blood abnormality and enzyme deficiency
                                         subtype:  #hemolytic_anemia__hemolyticanemia__haemolytic_anaemia  anemia resulting from destruction of erythrocytes
                                         subtype:  #hyperchromic_anemia__hyperchromic_anaemia  anemia characterized by an increase in the concentration of corpuscular hemoglobin
                                         subtype:  #hypochromic_anemia__hypochromicanemia__hypochromic_anaemia__hypochromicanaemia  anemia characterized by a decrease in the concentration of corpuscular hemoglobin
                                            subtype:  #thalassemia__thalassaemia__Mediterranean_anemia__Mediterranean_anaemia  an inherited form of anemia caused by faulty synthesis of hemoglobin
                                               subtype:  #Cooley's_anemia__Cooley's_anaemia__thalassemia_major__thalassemiamajor__thalassaemia_major  a fatal form of homozygous thalassemia (inherited from both parents) in which there is no hemoglobin; skeletal deformations; heart and spleen and liver enlarged
                                         subtype:  #hypoplastic_anemia__hypoplasticanemia__hypoplastic_anaemia__hypoplasticanaemia  anemia resulting from inadequately functioning bone marrow; can develop into aplastic anemia
                                         subtype:  #iron_deficiency_anemia__iron_deficiency_anaemia  a form of anemia due to lack of iron in the diet or to iron loss as a result of chronic bleeding
                                            subtype:  #chlorosis__chlorosi__greensickness__greensicknes  iron deficiency anemia in young women; characterized by weakness and menstrual disturbances and a green color to the skin
                                         subtype:  #ischemia__ischaemia  local anemia in a given body part sometimes resulting from vasoconstriction or thrombosis or embolism
                                            subtype:  #ischemic_stroke__ischaemic_stroke__ischaemicstroke  the most common kind of stroke; caused by an interruption in the flow of blood to the brain (as from a clot blocking a blood vessel)
                                            subtype:  #transient_ischemic_attack__TIA  brief episode in which the brain gets insufficient blood supply; symptoms depend on the site of the blockage
                                         subtype:  #macrocytic_anemia__macrocytic_anaemia  anemia in which the average size of erythrocytes is larger than normal
                                         subtype:  #microcytic_anemia__microcytic_anaemia  anemia in which the average size of erythrocytes is smaller than normal
                                         subtype:  #pernicious_anemia__pernicious_anaemia__malignant_anemia__malignantanemia__malignant_anaemia__malignantanaemia  a chronic progressive anemia of older adults; thought to result from a lack of intrinsic factor (a substance secreted by the stomach that is responsible for the absorption of vitamin B12)
                                            subtype:  #megaloblastic_anemia__megaloblasticanemia__megaloblastic_anaemia__megaloblasticanaemia  anemia characterized by many large immature and dysfunctional red blood cells (megaloblasts) in the bone marrow; associated with pernicious anemia
                                            subtype:  #metaplastic_anemia__metaplasticanemia__metaplastic_anaemia__metaplasticanaemia  pernicious anemia in which the various formed elements in the blood are changed
                                         subtype:  #refractory_anemia__refractory_anaemia  any of various anemic conditions that are not successfully treated by any means other than blood transfusions (and that are not associated with another primary disease)
                                            subtype:  #sideroblastic_anemia__sideroblasticanemia__sideroblastic_anaemia__sideroblasticanaemia__siderochrestic_anemia__siderochrestic_anaemia  refractory anemia characterized by sideroblasts in the bone marrow
                                         subtype:  #sickle-cell_anemia__sickle-cell_anaemia__sickle-cell_disease__crescent-cell_anemia__crescent-cell_anaemia__drepanocytic_anemia__drepanocytic_anaemia  a congenital form of anemia occurring mostly in blacks; characterized by abnormal blood cells having a crescent shape
                                      subtype:  #leukocytosis__leucocytosis  an abnormal increase in the number of white blood cells in the blood as a result of infection (as in leukemia)
                                      subtype:  #leukopenia__leucopenia  an abnormal lowering of the white blood cell count
                                         subtype:  #neutropenia  leukopenia in which the decrease is primarily in number of neutrophils (the chief phagocytic leukocyte)
                                            subtype:  #cyclic_neutropenia  neutropenia that occurs periodically
                                      subtype:  #lymphocytopenia__lymphopenia  an abnormally small number of lymphocytes in the circulating blood
                                      subtype:  #lymphocytosis__lymphocytosi  an abnormal increase in the number of lymphocytes in the circulating blood
                                      subtype:  #microcytosis  a blood disorder characterized by the presence of microcytes (abnormally small red blood cells) in the blood; often associated with anemia
                                      subtype:  #polycythemia  a disorder characterized by an abnormal increase in the number of red blood cells in the blood
                                      subtype:  #purpura__peliosis  any of several blood diseases causing subcutaneous bleeding
                                         subtype:  #nonthrombocytopenic_purpura__nonthrombocytopenicpurpura  purpura resulting from a defect in the capillaries caused by bacteria or drugs
                                         subtype:  #idiopathic_thrombocytopenic_purpura__thrombocytopenic_purpura__purpura_hemorrhagica__purpurahemorrhagica__Werlhof's_disease  purpura associated with a reduction in circulating blood platelets which can result from a variety of factors
                                      subtype:  #thrombocytopenia__thrombopenia  a blood disease characterized by an abnormally small number of platelets in the blood
                                         subtype:  #essential_thrombocytopenia__essentialthrombocytopenia  the primary form of thrombocytopenia (rather than a shortage of platelets caused by with other conditions such as tuberculosis or chemical suppression of bone marrow etc.)
                                      subtype:  #uratemia  presence of abnormal amounts of uric acid salts in the blood; symptom of gout
                                      subtype:  #uricaciduria  presence of abnormal amounts of uric acid in the urine; symptom of gout
                             subtype:  #illness__illnes__sickness  impairment of normal physiological function affecting part or all of an organism
                                subtype:  #ague  a fit of shivering
                                subtype:  #amyloidosis__amyloidosi  a disorder characterized by deposit of amyloid in organs or tissues; often secondary to chronic rheumatoid arthritis or tuberculosis or multiple myeloma
                                subtype:  #anuresis__anuria  inability to urinate
                                subtype:  #catastrophic_illness  severe illness requiring prolonged hospitalization or recovery; usually involves high costs for hospitals and doctors and medicines
                                subtype:  #collapse  an abrupt failure of function or health
                                   subtype:  #crack-up__crackup__breakdown  a mental or physical breakdown
                                      subtype:  #nervous_breakdown__nervousbreakdown  a severe or incapacitating emotional disorder
                                         subtype:  #nervous_exhaustion__nervousexhaustion__nervous_prostration__nervousprostration  an emotional disorder that leaves you exhausted and unable to work
                                         subtype:  #neurasthenia  nervous breakdown (not in technical use)
                                   subtype:  #shock  (pathology) bodily collapse or near collapse caused by inadequate oxygen delivery to the cells; characterized by reduced cardiac output and rapid heartbeat and circulatory insufficiency and pallor
                                      subtype:  #cardiogenic_shock__cardiogenicshock  shock caused by cardiac arrest
                                      subtype:  #hypovolemic_shock__hypovolemicshock  shock caused by severe blood or fluid loss
                                      subtype:  #obstructive_shock__obstructiveshock  shock caused by obstruction of blood flow
                                      subtype:  #distributive_shock  shock caused by poor distribution of the blood flow
                                      subtype:  #insulin_shock__insulinshock__insulin_reaction__insulinreaction  hypoglycemia produced by excessive insulin in the system causing coma
                                subtype:  #decompression_sickness__aeroembolism__air_embolism__airembolism__gas_embolism__gasembolism__caisson_disease__caissondisease__bends__bend  pain resulting from rapid change in pressure
                                subtype:  #food_poisoning__gastrointestinal_disorder  illness caused by poisonous or contaminated food
                                   subtype:  #botulism  food poisoning from ingesting botulin; affects the CNS; can be fatal if not treated promptly
                                   subtype:  #mushroom_poisoning  toxic condition caused by eating certain species of mushrooms (especially Amanita species)
                                   subtype:  #ptomaine_poisoning__ptomaine  a term for food poisoning that is no longer in scientific use; food poisoning was once thought to be caused by ingesting ptomaines
                                   subtype:  #salmonellosis__salmonellosi  a kind of food poisoning caused by eating foods contaminated with Salmonella typhimurium
                                subtype:  #lead_poisoning__plumbism__saturnism  toxic condition produced by the absorption of excessive lead into the system
                                subtype:  #disease  an impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning
                                   subtype:  #aspergillosis__aspergillosi  disease especially in agricultural workers caused by inhalation of Aspergillus spores causing lumps in skin and ears and respiratory organs
                                   subtype:  #blackwater  any of several human or animal diseases characterized by dark urine resulting from rapid breakdown of red blood cells
                                   subtype:  #cat_scratch_disease__catscratchdisease  a disease thought to be transmitted to humans by a scratch from a cat
                                   subtype:  #complication.disease  any disease or disorder that occurs during the course of (or because of) another disease; "bed sores are a common complication in cases of paralysis"
                                   subtype:  #endemic_disease__endemicdisease__endemic  a disease that is constantly present to a greater or lesser degree in people of a certain class or in people living in a particular location
                                   subtype:  #enteropathy  a disease of the intestinal tract
                                      subtype:  #intestinal_obstruction__ileus__ileu  blockage of the intestine (especially the ileum) that prevents the contents of the intestine from passing to the lower bowel
                                   subtype:  #incompetence  inability of a part or organ to function properly
                                      subtype:  #hypogonadism  incompetence of the gonads (especially in the male with low testosterone)
                                      subtype:  #valvular_incompetence  inability of a bodily valve to close completely
                                   subtype:  #Kawasaki_disease__mucocutaneous_lymph_node_syndrome  an acute disease of young children characterized by a rash and swollen lymph nodes and fever; of unknown cause
                                   subtype:  #pycnosis__pyknosis  a degenerative state of the cell nucleus
                                   subtype:  #Marseilles_fever__Kenya_fever__Indian_tick_fever__boutonneuse_fever__boutonneusefever  a disease (common in India and around the Mediterranean area) caused by a rickettsia that is transmitted to humans by a reddish brown tick (ixodid) that lives on dogs and other mammals
                                   subtype:  #Meniere's_disease  a disease of the inner ear characterized by episodes of dizziness and tinnitus and progressive hearing loss (usually unilateral)
                                   subtype:  #milk_sickness  caused by consuming milk from cattle suffering from trembles
                                   subtype:  #mimesis.disease  any disease that shows symptoms characteristic of another disease
                                   subtype:  #myasthenia_gravis__myasthenia  a chronic progressive disease characterized by chronic fatigue and muscular weakness (especially in the face and neck); caused by a deficiency of acetylcholine at the neuromuscular junctions
                                   subtype:  #occupational_disease__industrial_disease  disease or disability resulting from conditions of employment (usually from long exposure to a noxious substance or from continuous repetition of certain acts)
                                   subtype:  #onychosis__onychosi  any disease or disorder of the nails
                                      subtype:  #onycholysis  separation of a nail from its normal attachment to the nail bed
                                   subtype:  #rheumatism  any painful disorder of the joints or muscles or connective tissues
                                   subtype:  #periarteritis_nodosa__periarteritisnodosa__polyarteritis_nodosa__polyarteritisnodosa  a progressive disease of connective tissue that is characterized by nodules along arteries; nodules may block the artery and result in inadequate circulation to the particular area
                                   subtype:  #periodontal_disease__periodontaldisease__periodontitis__periodontiti  a disease that attacks the gum and bone and around the teeth
                                      subtype:  #pyorrhea_alveolaris__pyorrhea__pyorrhoea__Riggs'_disease  chronic periodontitis; purulent inflammation of the teeth sockets
                                         subtype:  #pericementoclasia  pus pocket formation around a tooth
                                      subtype:  #alveolar_resorption  wasting of the bony socket
                                      subtype:  #gingivitis  inflammation of the gums
                                      subtype:  #ulatrophia  recession of the gums
                                   subtype:  #liver_disease__liverdisease  a disease affecting the liver
                                      subtype:  #cirrhosis_of_the_liver__cirrhosis__cirrhosi  a chronic disease interfering with the normal functioning of the liver; the major cause is chronic alcoholism
                                      subtype:  #fatty_liver__fattyliver  yellow discoloration as a result of the accumulation of certain fats (triglycerides) in the liver; can be caused by alcoholic cirrhosis or pregnancy or exposure to certain toxins
                                      subtype:  #hepatitis__hepatiti  inflammation of the liver caused by a virus or a toxin
                                         subtype:  #viral_hepatitis__viralhepatiti  hepatitis caused by a virus
                                            subtype:  #hepatitis_A__infectious_hepatitis  an acute but benign form of viral hepatitis caused by an RNA virus that does not persist in the blood serum and is usually transmitted by ingesting food or drink that is contaiminated with fecal matter
                                            subtype:  #hepatitis_B__serum_hepatitis__serumhepatiti  an acute (sometimes fatal) form of viral hepatitis caused by a DNA virus that tends to persist in the blood serum and is transmitted by sexual contact or by transfusion or by ingestion of contaminated blood or other bodily fluids
                                            subtype:  #hepatitis_C__hepatitisc  a viral hepatitis clinically indistinguishable from hepatitis B but caused by a single-stranded RNA virus; usually transmitted by parenteral means (as injection of an illicit drug or blood transfusion or exposure to blood or blood products)
                                         subtype:  #hepatitis_delta__hepatitisdelta__delta_hepatitis__deltahepatiti  a severe form of hepatitis
                                      subtype:  #liver_cancer__livercancer__canceroftheliver  malignant neoplastic disease of the liver usually occurring as a metastasis from another cancer; symptoms include loss of appetite and weakness and bloating and jaundice and upper abdominal discomfort
                                   subtype:  #communicable_disease  a disease that can be communicated from one person to another
                                      subtype:  #contagious_disease__contagion  any disease easily transmitted by contact
                                         subtype:  #influenza__flu__grippe  an acute febrile highly contagious viral disease
                                            subtype:  #Asiatic_flu  influenza caused by the Asian virus that was first isolated in 1957
                                         subtype:  #measles__rubeola  an acute and highly contagious viral disease marked by distinct red spots followed by a rash; occurs primarily in children
                                            subtype:  #German_measles__rubella__threedaymeasle__epidemic_roseola  a contagious viral disease that is a milder form of measles lasting three or four days; can be damaging to a fetus during the first trimester
                                         subtype:  #diphtheria  acute contagious bacterial infection marked by the formation of a false membrane in the throat and other air passages causing difficulty in breathing
                                         subtype:  #scarlet_fever__scarletfever__scarlatina  an acute communicable disease (usually in children) characterized by fever and a red rash
                                         subtype:  #pox  a contagious disease characterized by purulent skin eruptions that may leave pock marks
                                            subtype:  #smallpox__variola  a highly contagious viral disease characterized by fever and weakness and skin eruption with pustules that form scabs that slough off leaving scars
                                            subtype:  #chickenpox__varicella  an acute contagious disease caused by herpes varicella zoster virus; causes a rash of vesicles on the face and body
                                         subtype:  #Vincent's_angina__Vincent's_infection__trench_mouth  an acute communicable infection of the respiratory tract and mouth marked by ulceration of the mucous membrane
                                         subtype:  #venereal_disease__VD__social_disease__Cupid's_itch__Cupid's_disease__Venus's_curse__sexually_transmitted_disease  a communicable disease transmitted by sexual intercourse or genital contact
                                            subtype:  #genital_herpes__herpes_genitalis  an infection caused by herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) that is usually transmitted by sexual contact; marked by recurrent attacks of painful eruptions on the skin and mucous membranes of the genital area
                                            subtype:  #gonorrhea__gonorrhoea__clap  a common venereal disease caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae; symptoms are painful urination and pain around the urethra
                                            subtype:  #granuloma_inguinale__granulomainguinale__granuloma_venereum__granulomavenereum  a venereal disease caused by a bacterium of the genus Calymmatobacterium; characterized by a pimply rash of the skin in the genital and groin region
                                            subtype:  #syphilis__syph__pox  a common venereal disease caused by the Treponema pallidum spirochete; symptoms change through progressive stages; can be congenital (transmitted through the placenta)
                                               subtype:  #primary_syphilis  the first stage; characterized by a chancre at the site of infection
                                               subtype:  #secondary_syphilis  the second stage; characterized by eruptions of the skin and mucous membrane
                                               subtype:  #tertiary_syphilis  the third stage; characterized by involvement of internal organs especially the brain and spinal cord as well as the heart and liver
                                               subtype:  #neurosyphilis__neurosyphili  syphilis of the central nervous system
                                                  subtype:  #tabes_dorsalis__locomotor_ataxia__locomotorataxia  syphilis of the spinal cord characterized by degeneration of sensory neurons and stabbing pains in the trunk and legs and unsteady gait and incontinence and impotence
                                      subtype:  #infectious_disease  a disease transmitted only by a specific kind of contact
                                         subtype:  #AIDS__acquired_immune_deficiency_syndrome  a serious (often fatal) disease of the immune system transmitted through blood products especially by sexual contact or contaminated needles
                                         subtype:  #undulant_fever__brucellosis__brucellosi__Malta_fever__Gibraltar_fever__Rock_fever__Mediterranean_fever  infectious bacterial disease of human beings transmitted by contact with infected animals or infected meat or milk products; characterized by fever and headache
                                         subtype:  #epidemic_cholera__cholera__Asiatic_cholera__Indian_cholera  an acute intestinal infection caused by ingestion of contaminated water or food
                                         subtype:  #dengue_fever__dengue__dandy_fever__breakbone_fever__breakbonefever  an infectious disease of the tropics transmitted by mosquitoes and characterized by rash and aching head and joints
                                         subtype:  #dysentery  an infection of the intestines marked by severe diarrhea
                                            subtype:  #amebic_dysentery__amoebic_dysentery__amoebicdysentery  inflammation of the intestines caused by Endamoeba histolytica; usually acquired by ingesting food or water contaminated with feces; characterized by severe diarrhea
                                            subtype:  #shigellosis__bacillary_dysentery__bacillarydysentery  an acute infection of the intestine by Shigella bacteria; characterized by diarrhea and fever and abdominal pains
                                         subtype:  #epidemic_disease  any infectious disease that develops and spreads rapidly to many people
                                            subtype:  #plague.epidemic_disease__pestilence  any epidemic disease with a high death rate
                                            subtype:  #plague  a serious (sometimes fatal) infection transmitted by the bite of an infected rat flea (especially bubonic plague)
                                               subtype:  #bubonic_plague__bubonicplague  plague characterized by delirium and the formation of buboes
                                                  subtype:  #Black_Death__black_plague__blackplague  the epidemic form of bubonic plague experienced during the Middle Ages when it killed nearly half the people of western Europe
                                               subtype:  #pneumonic_plague__pneumonicplague  characterized by lung involvement
                                               subtype:  #septicemic_plague  an especially dangerous form in which infecting organisms invade the bloodstream
                                            subtype:  #epidemic_pleurodynia__epidemic_myalgia__myosis__diaphragmatic_pleurisy__diaphragmaticpleurisy__Bornholm_disease  an acute infectious disease occurring in epidemic form and featuring paroxysms of pain (usually in the chest)
                                         subtype:  #hepatitis__hepatiti  inflammation of the liver caused by a virus or a toxin
                                         subtype:  #herpes  viral diseases causing eruptions of the skin or mucous membrane
                                            subtype:  #herpes_simplex  an infection caused by the herpes simples virus; affects the skin and nervous system; produces small temporary (but sometimes painful) blisters on the skin and mucous membranes
                                               subtype:  #oral_herpes__herpes_labialis__cold_sore__fever_blister__feverblister  caused by herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1)
                                               subtype:  #genital_herpes__herpes_genitalis  an infection caused by herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) that is usually transmitted by sexual contact; marked by recurrent attacks of painful eruptions on the skin and mucous membranes of the genital area
                                            subtype:  #herpes_zoster__zoster__shingles  eruptions along a nerve path often accompanied by severe neuralgia
                                         subtype:  #infectious_mononucleosis__mononucleosis__mononucleosi__mono__glandular_fever__glandularfever__kissing_disease__kissingdisease  an acute disease characterized by fever and swollen lymph nodes and an abnormal increase of mononuclear leucocytes or monocytes in the bloodstream; not highly contagious; some believe it can be transmitted by kissing
                                         subtype:  #Lassa_fever  a serious contagious viral disease of central western Africa; characterized by fever and inflammation and muscular pains and difficulty swallowing
                                         subtype:  #leprosy__Hansen's_disease  chronic granulomatous communicable disease occurring in tropical and subtropical regions; characterized by inflamed nodules beneath the skin and wasting of body parts; caused by the bacillus Mycobacterium leprae
                                            subtype:  #tuberculoid_leprosy  leprosy characterized by tumors in the skin and cutaneous nerves
                                            subtype:  #lepromatous_leprosy__lepromatousleprosy  a very serious form of leprosy characterized by lesions that spread over much of the body and affecting many systems of the body
                                         subtype:  #listeriosis  an infectious disease common to many animals and occasionally transmitted to humans (especially to newborn or immunosuppressed persons)
                                         subtype:  #lymphogranuloma_venereum__lymphogranulomavenereum__LGV__lymphopathia_venereum  infectious disease caused by a species of chlamydia bacterium; transmitted by sexual contact; characterized by genital lesions and swelling of lymph nodes in the groin
                                         subtype:  #meningitis  infectious disease characterized by inflammation of the meninges (the tissues that surround the brain or spinal cord) caused by a bacterial infection; symptoms include headache and stiff neck and fever and nausea
                                            subtype:  #cerebrospinal_meningitis__epidemic_meningitis__brain_fever__brainfever__cerebrospinal_fever__cerebrospinalfever  meningitis caused by bacteria and often fatal
                                            subtype:  #leptomeningitis__leptomeningiti  inflammation of the leptomeninges
                                         subtype:  #mumps__mump__epidemic_parotitis  an acute contagious viral disease characterized by fever and by swelling of the parotid glands
                                         subtype:  #paratyphoid_fever__paratyphoidfever__paratyphoid  any of a variety of infectious intestinal diseases resembling typhoid fever
                                         subtype:  #acute_anterior_poliomyelitis__poliomyelitis__poliomyeliti__polio__infantileparalysi  an acute viral disease marked by inflammation of nerve cells of the brain stem and spinal cord
                                         subtype:  #ratbite_fever__ratbitefever  either of two infectious diseases transmitted to humans by the bite of a rat or mouse; characterized by fever and headache and nausea and skin eruptions
                                            subtype:  #Haverhill_fever  the form of ratbite fever occurring in the United States
                                            subtype:  #sodoku__spirillum_fever  the form of ratbite fever occurring in the Far East
                                         subtype:  #rickettsial_disease__rickettsialdisease__rickettsiosis__rickettsiosi  infectious disease caused by ticks or mites or body lice infected with rickettsial bacteria
                                            subtype:  #typhus_fever__typhus  rickettsial disease transmitted by body lice and characterized by skin rash and high fever
                                               subtype:  #murine_typhus__rat_typhus__urban_typhus__endemic_typhus  acute infection caused by rickettsia and transmitted by the bite of an infected flea; characterized by fever and chills and muscle aches and a rash
                                            subtype:  #spotted_fever__spottedfever  any of several severe febrile diseases characterized by skin rashes or spots on the skin
                                               subtype:  #Rocky_Mountain_spotted_fever__mountain_fever__tick_fever  caused by rickettsial bacteria and transmitted by wood ticks
                                            subtype:  #Q_fever  an acute disease resembling influenza
                                            subtype:  #ricketsialpox  mild infectious rickettsial disease caused by a bacterium of the genus Rickettsia transmitted to humans by the bite a mite that lives on rodents; characterized by chills and fever and headache and skin lesions that resemble chickenpox
                                            subtype:  #trench_fever  marked by pain in muscles and joints and transmitted by lice
                                            subtype:  #tsutsugamushi_disease__tsutsugamushidisease__scrub_typhus  transmitted by larval mites and widespread in Asia
                                         subtype:  #relapsing_fever__relapsingfever__recurrent_fever__recurrentfever  marked by recurring high fever and transmitted by the bite of infected lice or ticks; characterized by episodes of high fever and chills and headache and muscle pain and nausea that recur every week or ten days for several months
                                         subtype:  #rheumatic_fever  a severe disease chiefly of children and characterized by painful inflammation of the joints and frequently damage to the heart valves
                                         subtype:  #miliary_fever__miliaryfever__sweating_sickness  epidemic in the 15th and 16th centuries and characterized by profuse sweating and high mortality
                                         subtype:  #tuberculosis__TB__T.B.  infection transmitted by inhalation or ingestion of tubercle bacilli and manifested in fever and small lesions (usually in the lungs but in various other parts of the body in acute stages)
                                            subtype:  #Pott's_disease  TB of the spine with destruction of vertebrae resulting in curvature of the spine
                                            subtype:  #miliary_tuberculosis  acute tuberculosis characterized by the appearance of tiny tubercles on one or more organs of the body (presumably resulting from tubercle bacilli being spread in the bloodstream)
                                            subtype:  #pulmonary_tuberculosis__consumption__phthisis__wasting_disease__wastingdisease__white_plague__whiteplague  involving the lungs with progressive wasting of the body
                                            subtype:  #scrofula__struma__king's_evil__king'sevil  a form of tuberculosis characterized by swellings of the lymphatic glands
                                            subtype:  #lupus_vulgaris  tuberculosis of the skin; appears first on the face and heals slowly leaving deep scars
                                         subtype:  #typhoid_fever__typhoidfever__typhoid__entericfever  serious infection marked by intestinal inflammation and ulceration; caused by Salmonella typhosa ingested with food or water
                                         subtype:  #whooping_cough__pertussis__pertussi  a disease of the respiratory mucous membrane
                                         subtype:  #yaws__frambesia__framboesia  an infectious tropical disease resembling syphilis in its early stages; marked by red skin eruptions and ulcerating lesions
                                         subtype:  #yellow_fever__yellow_jack__black_vomit__blackvomit  caused by a virus transmitted by a mosquito
                                      subtype:  #common_cold__cold  a mild viral infection involving the nose and respiratory passages (but not the lungs); "will they never find a cure for the common cold?"
                                         subtype:  #head_cold  a common cold affecting the nasal passages and resulting in congestion and sneezing and headache
                                   subtype:  #exanthema_subitum__exanthemasubitum__roseola_infantum__roseolainfantum__roseolainfantili__pseudorubella  a viral disease of infants and young children; characterized by abrupt high fever and mild sore throat; a few days later there is a faint pinkish rash that lasts for a few hours to a few days
                                   subtype:  #respiratory_disease__respiratorydisease__respiratory_disorder__respiratorydisorder  a disease affecting the respiratory system
                                      subtype:  #influenza__flu__grippe  an acute febrile highly contagious viral disease
                                      subtype:  #whooping_cough__pertussis__pertussi  a disease of the respiratory mucous membrane
                                      subtype:  #common_cold__cold  a mild viral infection involving the nose and respiratory passages (but not the lungs); "will they never find a cure for the common cold?"
                                      subtype:  #bronchial_asthma__bronchialasthma__asthma__asthma_attack  respiratory disorder characterized by wheezing; usually of allergic origin
                                         subtype:  #status_asthmaticus  a prolonged and severe asthma attack that does not respond to standard treatment
                                      subtype:  #bronchitis  inflammation of the membranes lining the bronchial tubes
                                         subtype:  #bronchiolitis__bronchioliti  inflammation of the membranes lining the bronchioles
                                         subtype:  #chronic_bronchitis  a form of bronchitis characterized by excess production of sputum leading to a chronic cough and obstruction of air flow
                                            subtype:  #chronic_obstructive_pulmonary_disease__chronicobstructivepulmonarydisease  a nonreversible lung disease that is a combination of emphysema and chronic bronchitis; usually patients have been heavy cigarette smokers
                                      subtype:  #pulmonary_emphysema__pulmonaryemphysema__emphysema  an abnormal condition of the lungs marked by decreased respiratory function; associated with smoking or chronic bronchitis or old age
                                         subtype:  #chronic_obstructive_pulmonary_disease__chronicobstructivepulmonarydisease  a nonreversible lung disease that is a combination of emphysema and chronic bronchitis; usually patients have been heavy cigarette smokers
                                      subtype:  #pneumonia  respiratory disease characterized by inflammation of the lung parenchyma (excluding the bronchi) with congestion caused by viruses or bacteria or irritants
                                         subtype:  #bronchopneumonia__bronchial_pneumonia__bronchialpneumonia  pneumonia characterized by acute inflammation of the walls of the bronchioles
                                            subtype:  #aspiration_pneumonia  bronchopneumonia resulting from foreign material (usually vomit or food particles) entering the bronchi
                                         subtype:  #lobar_pneumonia__lobarpneumonia  pneumonia affecting one or more lobes of the lung; commonly due to streptococcal infection
                                            subtype:  #double_pneumonia  lobar pneumonia involving both lungs
                                            subtype:  #Legionnaire's_disease  acute (sometimes fatal) lobar pneumonia caused by bacteria of a kind first recognized after an outbreak of the disease at an American Legion convention in Philadelphia in 1976; characterized by fever and muscle and chest pain and headache and chills and a dry cough
                                         subtype:  #pneumococcal_pneumonia  pneumonia caused by bacteria of the genus pneumococcus
                                         subtype:  #pneumocytosis__pneumocytosi__pneumocystis_pneumonia__pneumocystis_carinii_pneumonia__interstitial_plasma_cell_pneumonia  pneumonia occurring in infants or in persons with impaired immune systems (as AIDS victims)
                                         subtype:  #pleuropneumonia  pleurisy and pneumonia
                                         subtype:  #viral_pneumonia__viralpneumonia  pneumonia caused by a virus
                                      subtype:  #primary_atypical_pneumonia__atypical_pneumonia__mycoplasmal_pneumonia__mycoplasmalpneumonia  an acute respiratory disease marked by high fever and coughing; caused by mycoplasma; primarily affecting children and young adults
                                         subtype:  #parrot_fever__psittacosis__psittacosi__ornithosis  an atypical pneumonia caused by a rickettsia microorganism and transmitted to humans from infected birds
                                      subtype:  #interstitial_pneumonia  chronic lung disease affecting the interstitial tissue of the lungs
                                      subtype:  #pneumoconiosis__pneumonoconiosis  chronic respiratory disease caused by inhaling metallic or mineral particles
                                         subtype:  #anthracosis__black_lung__blacklung__blacklungdisease__coal_miner's_lung  lung disease caused by inhaling coal dust
                                         subtype:  #asbestosis  lung disease caused by inhaling asbestos particles
                                         subtype:  #siderosis__siderosi  fibrosis of the lung caused by iron dust; occurs among welders and other metal workers
                                         subtype:  #silicosis__silicosi  a lung disease caused by inhaling particles of silica or quartz or slate
                                      subtype:  #respiratory_distress_syndrome_of_the_newborn__respiratory_distress_syndrome__hyaline_membrane_disease  an acute lung disease of the newborn (especially the premature newborn); lungs cannot expand because of a wetting agent is lacking; characterized by rapid shallow breathing and cyanosis and the formation of a glassy hyaline membrane over the alveoli
                                   subtype:  #genetic_disease__geneticdisease__genetic_disorder__geneticdisorder__genetic_abnormality__geneticabnormality__genetic_defect__geneticdefect__congenital_disease__inherited_disease__inheriteddisease__inherited_disorder__inheriteddisorder__hereditary_disease__hereditary_condition  a disease or disorder that is inherited genetically
                                      subtype:  #achondroplasia__achondroplasty__osteosclerosis_congenita__chondrodystrophy  an inherited skeletal disorder beginning before birth; cartilage is converted to bone resulting in dwarfism
                                      subtype:  #abetalipoproteinemia  a rare inherited disorder of fat metabolism; characterized by severe deficiency of beta-lipoproteins and abnormal red blood cells (acanthocytes) and abnormally low cholesterol levels
                                      subtype:  #cystic_fibrosis__fibrocystic_disease_of_the_pancreas__pancreatic_fibrosis__mucoviscidosis  a congenital disease in which the pancreas and lungs and intestines become clogged with mucus
                                      subtype:  #inborn_error_of_metabolism  any of a number of diseases in which an inherited defect (usually a missing or inadequate enzyme) results in an abnormality of metabolism
                                         subtype:  #galactosemia  a genetic disease (autosomal recessive) in which an enzyme needed to metabolize galactose is deficient or absent; typically develops shortly after birth
                                         subtype:  #lysinemia  an inborn error of metabolism in which the lack of certain enzymes leads to an inability to metabolize the amino acid lysine; characterized by muscular weakness and mental retardation
                                         subtype:  #Niemann-Pick_disease  a disorder of lipid metabolism that is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait
                                         subtype:  #Tay-Sachs_disease__Tay-Sachs__Sachs_disease__infantile_amaurotic_idiocy__infantileamauroticidiocy  a hereditary disorder of lipid metabolism occuring most frequently in individuals of E European Jewish descent; accumulation of lipids in nervous tissue results in death in early childhood
                                         subtype:  #phenylketonuria__PKU  a genetic disorder of metabolism; lack of the enzyme needed to turn phenylalanine into tyrosine results in an accumulation of phenylalanine in the body fluids which causes various degrees of mental deficiency
                                      subtype:  #Hirschsprung's_disease__congenital_megacolon  congenital condition in which the colon does not have the normal network of nerves; there is little urge to defecate so the feces accumulate and cause megacolon
                                      subtype:  #mucopolysaccharidosis__mucopolysaccharidosi  any of a group of genetic disorders involving a defect in the metabolism of mucopolysaccharides resulting in greater than normal levels of mucopolysaccharides in tissues
                                         subtype:  #Hurler's_syndrome__Hurler's_disease__gargoylism__dysostosis_multiplex__lipochondrodystrophy  hereditary disease (autosomal recessive) consisting of an error is mucopolysaccharide metabolism; characterized by severe abnormalities in development of skeletal cartilage and bone and mental retardation
                                      subtype:  #hyperbetalipoproteinemia  a genetic disorder characterized by high levels of beta-lipoproteins and cholesterol; can lead to atherosclerosis at an early age
                                      subtype:  #ichthyosis  any of several congenital diseases in which the skin is fishlike (dry and scaly)
                                      subtype:  #maple_syrup_urine_disease__maplesyrupurinedisease__branched_chain_ketoaciduria  an inherited disorder of metabolism in which the urine has a odor characteristic of maple syrup; if untreated it can lead to mental retardation and death in early childhood
                                      subtype:  #McArdle's_disease  an inherited disease in which abnormal amounts of glycogen accumulate in skeletal muscle; results in weakness and cramping
                                      subtype:  #muscular_dystrophy__dystrophy  any of several hereditary diseases of the muscular system characterized by weakness and wasting of skeletal muscles
                                         subtype:  #Duchenne's_muscular_dystrophy__pseudohypertrophic_dystrophy  the most common form of muscular dystrophy; X-linked recessive (affecting only males)
                                         subtype:  #limb-girdle_muscular_dystrophy  an autosomal recessive form of muscular dystrophy characterized by progressive muscular weakness beginning either in the shoulder or pelvic girdle
                                         subtype:  #myotonic_muscular_dystrophy__myotonia_atrophica__Steinert's_disease  a severe form of muscular dystrophy marked by facial weakness and drooping eyelids and difficult speech and difficulty with the hands that spreads to the arms and shoulders and legs and hips
                                      subtype:  #oligodactyly  congenital condition in which some fingers or toes are missing
                                      subtype:  #oligodontia  congenital condition in which some of the teeth are missing
                                      subtype:  #otosclerosis  hereditary disorder in which ossification of the labyrinth of the inner ear causes tinnitus and eventual deafness
                                      subtype:  #autosomal_dominant_disease__autosomal_dominant_disorder  a disease caused by a dominant mutant gene on an autosome
                                         subtype:  #Huntington's_chorea__Huntington's_disease  hereditary; develops in adulthood and ends in dementia
                                         subtype:  #malignant_hyperthermia__malignanthyperthermia  hereditary condition in which certain anesthetics (e.g., halothane) cause high body temperatures and muscle rigidity
                                         subtype:  #Marfan's_syndrome  an autosomal dominant disease characterized by elongated bones (especially of limbs and digits) and abnormalities of the eyes and circulatory system
                                         subtype:  #neurofibromatosis__neurofibromatosi__von_Recklinghausen's_disease  autosomal dominant disease characterized by numerous neurofibromas and by spots on the skin and often by developmental abnormalities
                                         subtype:  #osteogenesis_imperfecta  autosomal dominant disorder of connective tissue characterized by brittle bones that fracture easily
                                      subtype:  #autosomal_recessive_disease__autosomalrecessivedisease__autosomal_recessive_defect__autosomalrecessivedefect  a disease caused by the presence of two recessive mutant genes on an autosome
                                         subtype:  #limb-girdle_muscular_dystrophy  an autosomal recessive form of muscular dystrophy characterized by progressive muscular weakness beginning either in the shoulder or pelvic girdle
                                         subtype:  #Niemann-Pick_disease  a disorder of lipid metabolism that is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait
                                         subtype:  #Tay-Sachs_disease__Tay-Sachs__Sachs_disease__infantile_amaurotic_idiocy__infantileamauroticidiocy  a hereditary disorder of lipid metabolism occuring most frequently in individuals of E European Jewish descent; accumulation of lipids in nervous tissue results in death in early childhood
                                         subtype:  #thrombasthenia  a rare autosomal recessive disease in which the platelets do not produce clots in the normal way and hemorrhage results
                                         subtype:  #tyrosinemia  autosomal recessive defect in tyrosine metabolism resulting in liver and kidney disturbances and mental retardation
                                         subtype:  #Werdnig-Hoffman_disease  autosomal recessive disease in which the degeneration of spinal nerve cells and brain nerve cells leads to atrophy of skeletal muscles and flaccid paralysis; death usually occurs in early childhood
                                      subtype:  #Fanconi's_anemia__Fanconi's_anaemia__congenital_pancytopenia  a rare congenital anemia characterized by pancytopenia and hypoplasia of the bone marrow
                                      subtype:  #sickle-cell_anemia__sickle-cell_anaemia__sickle-cell_disease__crescent-cell_anemia__crescent-cell_anaemia__drepanocytic_anemia__drepanocytic_anaemia  a congenital form of anemia occurring mostly in blacks; characterized by abnormal blood cells having a crescent shape
                                      subtype:  #Spielmeyer-Vogt_disease__juvenile_amaurotic_idiocy  a congenital progressive disorder of lipid metabolism having an onset at age 5 and characterized by blindness and dementia and early death
                                      subtype:  #congenital_afibrinogenemia  a rare congenital disorder of blood coagulation in which no fibrinogen is found in the blood plasma
                                      subtype:  #osteopetrosis__osteopetrosi__Albers-Schonberg_disease__marble_bones_disease  an inherited disorder characterized by an increase in bone density; in severe forms the bone marrow cavity may be obliterated
                                      subtype:  #nevoid_elephantiasis__pachyderma  thickening of the skin (usually unilateral on an extremity) caused by congenital enlargement of lymph vessel and lymph vessel obstruction
                                      subtype:  #dwarfism__nanism  a genetic abnormality resulting in short stature
                                         subtype:  #pycnodysostosis__pycnodysostosi  a form of dwarfism accompanied by fragile bones and bad teeth
                                      subtype:  #lactose_intolerance__lactoseintolerance__lactase_deficiency__lactasedeficiency__milk_intolerance  congenital disorder consisting of an inability to digest milk and milk products; absence or deficiency of lactase results in an inability to hydrolyze lactose
                                      subtype:  #porphyria  a genetic abnormality of metabolism causing abdominal pains and mental confusion
                                      subtype:  #hepatolenticular_degeneration__Wilson's_disease  a rare inherited disorder of copper metabolism; copper accumulates in the liver and then in the red blood cells and brain
                                   subtype:  #inflammatory_disease  a disease characterized by inflammation
                                      subtype:  #necrotizing_enterocolitis__necrotizingenterocoliti__NEC  an acute inflammatory disease occurring in the intestines of premature infants; necrosis of intestinal tissue may follow
                                      subtype:  #gastroenteritis__gastroenteriti__stomach_flu__stomachflu__intestinal_flu  inflammation of the stomach and intestines; can be caused by Salmonella enteritidis
                                         subtype:  #cholera_infantum__cholerainfantum  often fatal form of gastroenteritis occurring in children; not true cholera but having similar symptoms
                                      subtype:  #pelvic_inflammatory_disease__PID  inflammation of the female pelvic organs (especially the Fallopian tubes) caused by infection by any of several microorganisms (chiefly gonococci and chlamydia); symptoms are abdominal pain and fever and foul-smelling vaginal discharge
                                      subtype:  #empyema  a collection of pus in a body cavity (especially in the lung cavity)
                                         subtype:  #purulent_pleurisy  a collection of pus in the lung cavity
                                      subtype:  #pleurisy  inflammation of the pleura of the lungs (especially the parietal layer)
                                         subtype:  #purulent_pleurisy  a collection of pus in the lung cavity
                                         subtype:  #pleuropneumonia  pleurisy and pneumonia
                                      subtype:  #sore_throat__pharyngitis__pharyngiti__raw_throat__rawthroat  inflammation of the fauces and pharynx
                                         subtype:  #streptococcal_sore_throat__strep_throat__strepthroat__streptococcus_tonsilitis__septic_sore_throat__throat_infection  an infection of the oral pharynx and tonsils by streptococcus
                                      subtype:  #angina  any disease of the throat or fauces marked by spasmodic attacks of intense suffocative pain
                                         subtype:  #Vincent's_angina__Vincent's_infection__trench_mouth  an acute communicable infection of the respiratory tract and mouth marked by ulceration of the mucous membrane
                                         subtype:  #quinsy__peritonsillar_abscess__peritonsillarabsces  a painful pus-filled inflammation of the tonsils and surrounding tissues; usually a complication of tonsillitis
                                         subtype:  #croup__spasmodic_laryngitis  a disease of infants and young children; harsh coughing and hoarseness and fever and difficult breathing
                                      subtype:  #arthritis__arthriti  inflammation of a joint or joints
                                         subtype:  #rheumatoid_arthritis__atrophic_arthritis__rheumatism  a chronic autoimmune disease with inflammation of the joints and marked deformities; something (possibly a virus) triggers an attack on the synovium by the immune system, which releases cytokines that stimulate an inflammatory reaction that can lead to the destruction of all components of the joint
                                            subtype:  #psoriatic_arthritis  a form of rheumatoid arthritis usually affecting fingers and toes and associated with psoriasis
                                            subtype:  #Still's_disease__juvenile_rheumatoid_arthritis  a form of rheumatoid arthritis that affects children; large joints become inflamed and bone growth may be retarded
                                         subtype:  #osteoarthritis__degenerative_arthritis__degenerative_joint_disease  chronic breakdown of cartilage in the joints; the most common form of arthritis occurring usually after middle age
                                         subtype:  #gout__gouty_arthritis__urarthritis  a painful inflammation of the big toe and foot caused by defects in uric acid metabolism resulting in deposits of the acid and its salts in the blood and joints
                                         subtype:  #spondylarthritis  arthritis that affects one or more of the intervertebral joints in the spine
                                      subtype:  #acne  an inflammatory disease involving the sebaceous glands of the skin; characterized by papules or pustules or comedones
                                         subtype:  #acne_rosacea__rosacea  a skin disease of adults (more often women) in which blood vessels of the face enlarge resulting in a flushed appearance
                                         subtype:  #acne_vulgaris  the most common form of acne; usually affects people from puberty to young adulthood
                                      subtype:  #aspiration_penumonia  inflammation of the lungs caused by inhaling or choking on vomitus; may occur during unconsciousness (anesthesia or drunkenness or seizure or cardiac arrest)
                                      subtype:  #urinary_tract_infection  any infection of any of the organs of the urinary tract
                                         subtype:  #cystitis  inflammation of the urinary bladder and ureters
                                         subtype:  #pyelonephritis  inflammation of the kidney and its pelvis caused by bacterial infection
                                            subtype:  #acute_pyelonephritis  pyelonephritis resulting from the spread of a bladder infection
                                            subtype:  #chronic_pyelonephritis  pyelonephritis that develops slowly and can lead to renal failure if untreated; often associated with a kidney stone or with narrowing of the urinary passageways
                                         subtype:  #urethritis  inflammation of the urethra; results in painful urination
                                            subtype:  #nongonococcal_urethritis__NGU  sexually transmitted urethritis (usually caused by chlamydia)
                                            subtype:  #nonspecific_urethritis__NSU  inflammation of the urethra of unknown cause
                                   subtype:  #autoimmune_disease__autoimmune_disorder  any of a large group of diseases characterized by abnormal functioning of the immune system that causes your immune system to produce antibodies against your own tissues
                                      subtype:  #Type_I_diabetes__insulin-dependent_diabetes_mellitus__IDDM__juvenile-onset_diabetes__juvenile_diabetes__growth-onset_diabetes__ketosis-prone_diabetes__ketoacidosis-prone_diabetes__autoimmune_diabetes  severe diabetes mellitus with an early onset; characterized by polyuria and excessive thirst and increased appetite and weight loss and episodic ketoacidosis; diet and insulin injections are required to control the disease
                                      subtype:  #rheumatoid_arthritis__atrophic_arthritis__rheumatism  a chronic autoimmune disease with inflammation of the joints and marked deformities; something (possibly a virus) triggers an attack on the synovium by the immune system, which releases cytokines that stimulate an inflammatory reaction that can lead to the destruction of all components of the joint
                                      subtype:  #ankylosing_spondylitis__Marie-Strumpell_disease__rheumatoid_spondylitis  a chronic form of spondylitis primarily in males and marked by impaired mobility of the spine; sometimes leads to ankylosis
                                      subtype:  #discoid_lupus_erythematosus__discoidlupuserythematosu__DLE  a chronic skin disease occurring primarily in women between the ages of 20 and 40; characterized by an eruption of red lesions over the cheeks and bridge of the nose
                                      subtype:  #Hashimoto's_disease  autoimmune disorder of the thyroid gland; most common in middle-aged women
                                      subtype:  #lupus_erythematosus__lupuserythematosu__LE  a chronic inflammatory collagen disease affecting connective tissue (skin or joints)
                                      subtype:  #scleroderma__dermatosclerosis  an autoimmune disease that affects the blood vessels and connective tissue; fibrous connective tissue is deposited in the skin
                                         subtype:  #morphea  localized scleroderma
                                      subtype:  #idiopathic_thrombocytopenic_purpura__thrombocytopenic_purpura__purpura_hemorrhagica__purpurahemorrhagica__Werlhof's_disease  purpura associated with a reduction in circulating blood platelets which can result from a variety of factors
                                   subtype:  #deficiency_disease  any disease caused by a lack of an essential nutrient (as a vitamin or mineral)
                                      subtype:  #malnutrition  a state of poor nutrition; can result from insufficient or excessive or unbalanced diet or from inability to absorb foods
                                         subtype:  #avitaminosis__hypovitaminosis  any of several diseases caused by deficiency of one or more vitamins
                                            subtype:  #beriberi  avitaminosis caused by lack of thiamine (vitamin B1)
                                               subtype:  #kakke_disease__kakkedisease  the endemic form of beriberi
                                            subtype:  #pellagra__Alpine_scurvy__mal_de_la_rosa__mal_rosso__malrosso__maidism__Saint_Ignatius'_itch  a disease caused by deficiency of niacin or tryptophan (or by a defect in the metabolic conversion of tryptophan to niacin); characterized by gastrointestinal disturbances and erythema and nervous or mental disorders; may be caused by malnutrition or alcoholism or other nutritional impairments
                                            subtype:  #rickets__ricket__rachitis  childhood disease caused by deficiency of vitamin D and sunlight associated with impaired metabolism of calcium and phosphorus
                                            subtype:  #scurvy  a condition caused by deficiency of ascorbic acid (vitamin C)
                                            subtype:  #nyctalopia__night_blindness__nightblindnes__moon_blindness  inability to see clearly in dim light; due to a deficiency of vitamin A or to a retinal disorder
                                         subtype:  #kwashiorkor  severe malnutrition in children resulting from a diet excessively high in carbohydrates and low in protein
                                         subtype:  #marasmus  extreme malnutrition and emaciation (especially in children); can result from inadequate intake of food or from malabsorption or metabolic disorders
                                      subtype:  #zinc_deficiency  a deficiency caused by inadequate zinc in the diet or by liver disease or cystic fibrosis or other diseases
                                   subtype:  #fibrocystic_breast_disease__fibrocystic_disease_of_the_breast__cystic_breast_disease__cystic_mastitis  the presence of one or more cysts in a breast
                                   subtype:  #goiter__goitre__struma__thyromegaly  abnormally enlarged thyroid gland; can result from under-production or over-production of hormone or from a deficiency of iodine in the diet
                                   subtype:  #sandfly_fever__sandflyfever__pappataci_fever__pappatacifever__phlebotomus__phlebotomu  a mild viral disease transmitted by the bite of the sand fly Phlebotomus papatasii
                                   subtype:  #skin_disease__disease_of_the_skin__skin_disorder__skin_problem__skin_condition  a disease affecting the skin
                                      subtype:  #acantholysis  a breakdown of a cell layer in the epidermis (as in pemphigus)
                                      subtype:  #acanthosis  an abnormal but benign thickening of the prickle-cell layer of the skin (as in psoriasis)
                                      subtype:  #acanthosis_nigricans__keratosis_nigricans  a skin disease characterized by dark wart-like patches in the body folds; can be benign or malignant
                                      subtype:  #acne  an inflammatory disease involving the sebaceous glands of the skin; characterized by papules or pustules or comedones
                                      subtype:  #dermatosis  disorder involving lesions or eruptions of the skin (in which there is usually no inflammation)
                                         subtype:  #pityriasis  any of several skin disorders characterized by shedding dry flakes of skin
                                            subtype:  #dandruff.pityriasis  a condition in which white scales of dead skin are shed by the scalp
                                            subtype:  #pityriasis_alba  common form of pityriasis (usually in children or young adults) characterized by round patches of depigmentation
                                            subtype:  #pityriasis_rosea  pityriasis in which an itchy rash develops over the trunk and extremities
                                      subtype:  #eczema  generic term for inflammatory conditions of the skin; particularly with vesiculation in the acute stages
                                         subtype:  #dermatitis  inflammation of the skin; skin becomes itchy and may develop blisters
                                            subtype:  #actinic_dermatitis  dermatitis caused exposure to sunlight
                                            subtype:  #atopic_dermatitis__atopic_eczema  dermatitis characterized by atopy
                                            subtype:  #contact_dermatitis  a delayed type of allergic reaction of the skin resulting from skin contact with a specific allergen (such as poison ivy)
                                               subtype:  #bubble_gum_dermatitis  an allergic contact dermatitis developed around the lips of children who chew bubble gum
                                               subtype:  #Rhus_dermatitis  contact dermatitis resulting from contact with plants of the genus Toxicodendron
                                                  subtype:  #poison_ivy  dermatitis resulting from contact with the poison ivy plant
                                                  subtype:  #poison_oak  dermatitis resulting from contact with a poison oak plant
                                                  subtype:  #poison_sumac  dermatitis resulting from contact with a poison sumac plant
                                            subtype:  #cradle_cap  a dermatitis of the scalp that is common in infants
                                            subtype:  #diaper_rash__diaper_dermatitis  dermatitis of the thighs and buttocks of infants; supposedly caused by ammonia in the urine in the child's diapers
                                            subtype:  #hypericism  a severe dermatitis of herbivorous domestic animals attributable to photosensitivity from eating Saint John's wort
                                            subtype:  #neurodermatitis__neurodermatiti  dermatitis in which localized areas (especially the forearms or back of the neck or outer part of the ankle) itch persistently; cause is unknown
                                            subtype:  #schistosome_dermatitis__swimmer's_itch__swimmer'sitch  a sensitization reaction to repeated invasion of the skin by cercariae of schistosomes (human or animal)
                                            subtype:  #seborrheic_dermatitis__seborrheic_eczema  a chronic skin disease associated with seborrhea and greasy scales on the scalp or eyelids or other parts of the skin
                                         subtype:  #allergic_eczema  eczema caused by an allergic reaction
                                            subtype:  #baker's_eczema__baker'seczema  allergic eczema caused by flour or other ingredients handled by bakers
                                         subtype:  #eczema_herpeticum  eczema characterized by a feverish condition and widespread eruption of vesicles; most common in children
                                         subtype:  #lichtenoid_eczema__chronic_eczema__chroniceczema__eczema_hypertrophicum  eczema characterized by thickening of the skin with accentuated skin lines
                                      subtype:  #erythroderma  any skin disorder involving abnormal redness
                                         subtype:  #erythema  abnormal redness of the skin resulting from dilation of blood vessels (as in sunburn or inflammation)
                                            subtype:  #erythema_multiforme  a red rash caused by hypersensitivity to a drug or disease or other allergen
                                            subtype:  #erythema_nodosum  skin condition characterized by tender red nodules on the shins and legs
                                               subtype:  #erythema_nodosum_leprosum__ENL  an inflammatory complication of leprosy that results in painful skin lesions on the arms and legs and face
                                            subtype:  #hickey__love_bite  a temporary red mark on a person's skin resulting from kissing or sucking by their lover
                                            subtype:  #erythema_solare__sunburn  redness of the skin caused by exposure to the rays of the sun
                                            subtype:  #windburn  redness and irritation of the skin caused by exposure to high-velocity wind
                                         subtype:  #flare.erythroderma  reddening of the skin spreading outward from a focus of infection or irritation
                                      subtype:  #furunculosis  acute skin disease characterized by the presence of many furuncles
                                      subtype:  #impetigo  a very contagious infection of the skin; common in children; localized redness develops into small blisters that gradually crust and erode
                                      subtype:  #jungle_rot  skin disorder induced by a tropical climate
                                      subtype:  #keratoderma__keratodermia  any skin disorder consisting of a growth that appears horny
                                      subtype:  #keratonosis__keratonosi  any abnormal condition of the outer skin (epidermis)
                                      subtype:  #keratosis__keratosi  a skin condition marked by an overgrowth of layers of horny skin
                                         subtype:  #actinic_keratosis__actinickeratosi  an overgrowth of skin layers resulting from extended exposure to the sun
                                         subtype:  #keratosis_blennorrhagica__keratosisblennorrhagica__keratoderma_blennorrhagica__keratodermablennorrhagica  skin disease characterized by a scaly rash on the palms and soles; associated with Reiter's syndrome
                                         subtype:  #keratosis_follicularis__Darier's_disease  a rare hereditary condition marked by dark crusted patches (sometimes containing pus)
                                         subtype:  #keratosis_pilaris__keratosispilari  keratosis characterized by hard conical elevations in the openings of sebaceous glands (especially of arms and thighs)
                                         subtype:  #seborrheic_keratosis  a skin condition characterized by circumscribed wartlike lesions that can be itchy and covered with a greasy crust
                                      subtype:  #leukoderma  a congenital skin condition characterized by spots or bands of unpigmented skin
                                      subtype:  #lichen.skin_disease  any of several eruptive skin diseases characterized by hard thick lesions grouped together and resembling lichens growing on rocks
                                         subtype:  #lichen_planus__lichen_ruber_planus  an eruption of shiny flat-topped purplish (usually itchy) papules on the wrist and forearms and thighs
                                      subtype:  #livedo  skin disorder characterized by patchy bluish discolorations on the skin
                                      subtype:  #lupus__lupu  any of several forms of ulcerative skin disease
                                         subtype:  #lupus_vulgaris  tuberculosis of the skin; appears first on the face and heals slowly leaving deep scars
                                         subtype:  #discoid_lupus_erythematosus__discoidlupuserythematosu__DLE  a chronic skin disease occurring primarily in women between the ages of 20 and 40; characterized by an eruption of red lesions over the cheeks and bridge of the nose
                                         subtype:  #lupus_erythematosus__lupuserythematosu__LE  a chronic inflammatory collagen disease affecting connective tissue (skin or joints)
                                         subtype:  #systemic_lupus_erythematosus__SLE__disseminated_lupus_erythematosus  an inflammatory disease of connective tissue with variable features including fever and weakness and fatigability and joint pains and skin lesions on the face or neck or arms
                                      subtype:  #melanosis__melanosi__melanism  a condition characterized by abnormal deposits of melanin (especially in the skin)
                                      subtype:  #molluscum  any skin disease characterized by soft pulpy nodules
                                         subtype:  #molluscum_contagiosum__molluscumcontagiosum  a virus disease of the skin marked by round white swellings; transmitted from person to person (most often in children or in adults with impaired immune function)
                                      subtype:  #necrobiosis_lipoidica_diabeticorum__necrobiosislipoidicadiabeticorum__necrobiosis_lipoidica__necrobiosislipoidica  skin disease marked by thin shiny patches (especially on the legs); often associated with diabetes mellitus
                                      subtype:  #pemphigus__pemphigu  a skin disease characterized by large thin-walled blisters (bullae) arising from normal skin or mucous membrane
                                      subtype:  #prurigo  chronic inflammatory disease of the skin characterized by blister capped papules and intense itching
                                      subtype:  #psoriasis__psoriasi  a chronic skin disease characterized by dry red patches covered with scales; occurs especially on the scalp and ears and genitalia and the skin over bony prominences
                                      subtype:  #rhagades  cracks or fissures in the skin (especially around the mouth or anus)
                                      subtype:  #Saint_Anthony's_fire  any of several inflammatory or gangrenous skin conditions
                                         subtype:  #erysipelas  an acute streptococcal infection characterized by deep-red inflammation of the skin and mucous membranes
                                      subtype:  #seborrhea  a condition in which overactivity of the sebaceous glands causes the skin to become oily
                                      subtype:  #vitiligo  an acquired skin disease characterized by patches of unpigmented skin (often surrounded by a heavily pigmented border)
                                      subtype:  #xanthoma  a skin problem marked by the development (on the eyelids and neck and back) of irregular yellow nodules; sometimes attributable to disturbances of cholesterol metabolism
                                         subtype:  #xanthelasma  xanthoma of the eyelids; occurs chiefly in the elderly
                                         subtype:  #xanthoma_disseminatum  rare chronic xanthoma of adults n which orange or brownish papules develop on many surfaces of the body
                                         subtype:  #xanthomatosis__xanthomatosi__xanthoma_multiplex__cholesterosis_cutis__cholesterosiscuti__lipid_granulomatosis__lipoid_granulomatosis  widespread xanthomas (especially on elbows and knees); often associated with a disorder of lipid metabolism
                                      subtype:  #xanthosis__xanthosi  an abnormal yellow discoloration of the skin
                                   subtype:  #malignancy__malignance  (medical) a malignant state; progressive and resistant to treatment and tending to cause death
                                      subtype:  #malignant_tumor__malignanttumor__malignant_neoplasm__malignantneoplasm__metastatic_tumor  a tumor that is malignant and tends to spread to other parts of the body
                                         subtype:  #carcinosarcoma  a malignant neoplasm composed of carcinoma and sarcoma extensively intermixed
                                         subtype:  #cancer__malignant_neoplastic_disease  any malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal and uncontrolled cell division; it may spread to other parts of the body through the lymphatic system or the blood stream
                                            subtype:  #lymphoma  a neoplasm of lymph tissue that is usually malignant; one of the four major types of cancer
                                               subtype:  #Hodgkin's_disease  a malignant disorder in which there is progressive (but painless) enlargement of lymph tissue followed by enlargement of the spleen and liver
                                            subtype:  #carcinoma  any malignant tumor derived from epithelial tissue; one of the four major types of cancer
                                               subtype:  #liver_cancer__livercancer__canceroftheliver  malignant neoplastic disease of the liver usually occurring as a metastasis from another cancer; symptoms include loss of appetite and weakness and bloating and jaundice and upper abdominal discomfort
                                               subtype:  #adenocarcinoma__glandular_cancer__glandularcancer__glandularcarcinoma  malignant tumor originating in glandular epithelium
                                                  subtype:  #prostate_cancer__prostatic_adenocarcinoma__prostaticadenocarcinoma  cancer of the prostate gland
                                               subtype:  #breast_cancer  cancer of the breast; one of the most common malignancies in women in the US
                                               subtype:  #carcinoma_in_situ__preinvasive_cancer__preinvasivecancer  a cluster of malignant cells that has not yet invaded the deeper epithelial tissue or spread to other parts of the body
                                               subtype:  #colon_cancer__coloncancer  a malignant tumor of the colon; early symptom is bloody stools
                                               subtype:  #embryonal_carcinoma__embryonalcarcinoma  malignant neoplasm of the testis
                                               subtype:  #endometrial_carcinoma__endometrialcarcinoma__endometrial_cancer__endometrialcancer  cancer of the uterine lining
                                               subtype:  #malignant_hepatoma__malignanthepatoma__hepatoma__hepatocarcinoma__hepatocellular_carcinoma  carcinoma of the liver
                                               subtype:  #lung_cancer  carcinoma of the lungs; one of the commonest forms of cancer
                                               subtype:  #mesothelioma  a rare form of carcinoma of the mesothelium lining lungs or abdomen or heart; usually associated with exposure to asbestos dust
                                               subtype:  #oat_cell_carcinoma__small_cell_carcinoma  highly malignant carcinoma composed of small round or egg-shaped cells with little cytoplasm; lung cancers are frequently oat cell carcinomas
                                               subtype:  #oral_cancer  malignant neoplasm of the lips of mouth; most common in men over the age of 60
                                               subtype:  #pancreatic_cancer  cancer of the pancreas
                                               subtype:  #seminoma__testicular_cancer  malignant tumor of the testis; usually occurring in older men
                                               subtype:  #skin_cancer  a malignant neoplasm of the skin
                                                  subtype:  #cancroid__squamous_cell_carcinoma  the most common form of skin cancer
                                                  subtype:  #epithelioma  a malignant tumor of the epithelial tissue
                                                  subtype:  #malignant_melanoma__malignantmelanoma__melanoma  any of several malignant neoplasms (usually of the skin) consisting of melanocytes
                                               subtype:  #trophoblastic_cancer__trophoblasticcancer  malignant neoplasm of the uterus derived from the epithelium of the chorion
                                            subtype:  #leukemia__leukaemia__cancer_of_the_blood  malignant neoplasm of blood-forming tissues; characterized by abnormal proliferation of leukocytes; one of the four major types of cancer
                                               subtype:  #acute_leukemia__acuteleukemia  rapidly progressing leukemia
                                                  subtype:  #acute_lymphocytic_leukemia__acutelymphocyticleukemia__acute_lymphoblastic_leukemia__acutelymphoblasticleukemia  acute leukemia characterized by proliferation of immature lymphoblast-like cells in bone marrow, lymph nodes, spleen, and blood; most common in children
                                                  subtype:  #acute_myelocytic_leukemia__acute_myeloid_leukemia__acutemyeloidleukemia  acute leukemia characterized by proliferation of granular leukocytes; most common in adolescents and young adults
                                               subtype:  #chronic_leukemia__chronicleukemia  slowly progressing leukemia
                                                  subtype:  #chronic_lymphocytic_leukemia__chroniclymphocyticleukemia  chronic leukemia characterized by lymphoblast-like cells; more common in older men
                                                  subtype:  #chronic_myelocytic_leukemia__myeloid_leukemia__myeloidleukemia  chronic leukemia characterized by granular leukocytes; more common in older people
                                               subtype:  #lymphocytic_leukemia__lymphocyticleukemia  leukemia characterized by enlargement of lymphoid tissues and lymphocytic cells in the circulating blood
                                                  subtype:  #lymphoblastic_leukemia__lymphoblasticleukemia  a form of lymphocytic leukemia in which the abnormal cells in the circulating blood are almost totally lymphoblasts
                                               subtype:  #monocytic_leukemia__monocyticleukemia__monocytic_lukaemia__monocyticlukaemia__monoblastic_leukemia__monoblasticleukemia__monoblsticleukaemia__histiocytic_leukemia__histiocyticleukemia__histiocyticleukaemia  leukemia characterized by the proliferation of monocytes and monoblasts in the blood
                                               subtype:  #myeloblastic_leukemia  a malignant neoplasm of blood-forming tissues; characterized by numerous myeloblasts in the blood stream
                                               subtype:  #myelocytic_leukemia__granulocytic_leukemia  a malignant neoplasm of blood-forming tissues; marked by proliferation of myelocytes and their presence in the blood
                                                  subtype:  #acute_myelocytic_leukemia__acute_myeloid_leukemia__acutemyeloidleukemia  acute leukemia characterized by proliferation of granular leukocytes; most common in adolescents and young adults
                                                  subtype:  #chronic_myelocytic_leukemia__myeloid_leukemia__myeloidleukemia  chronic leukemia characterized by granular leukocytes; more common in older people
                                            subtype:  #sarcoma  a usually malignant tumor arising from connective tissue (bone or muscle etc.); one of the four major types of cancer
                                               subtype:  #chondrosarcoma  a malignant neoplasm of cartilage cells
                                               subtype:  #Ewing's_sarcoma__Ewing's_tumor__Ewing's_tumour__endothelial_myeloma__endothelialmyeloma  malignant tumor in bone marrow (usually in the pelvis or in long bones)
                                               subtype:  #Kaposi's_sarcoma  a sarcoma that starts with purplish spots on the feet and legs and spreads from the skin to lymph nodes and internal organs; a common manifestation of AIDS; "until 1980 Kaposi's sarcoma occurred almost exclusively with Jewish or Italian or black men"
                                               subtype:  #leiomyosarcoma  sarcoma of smooth muscle; occurs most often digestive tract or uterus or bladder or prostate
                                               subtype:  #liposarcoma  sarcoma of fat cells
                                               subtype:  #myosarcoma  sarcoma of muscle tissue
                                               subtype:  #neurosarcoma__malignant_neuroma__malignantneuroma  a malignant neoplasm of nerve tissue and fibrous tissue and connective tissue
                                               subtype:  #osteosarcoma__osteogenic_sarcoma  malignant bone tumor; most common in children and young adults where it tends to affect the femur
                                               subtype:  #rhabdomyosarcoma__rhabdosrcoma  a highly malignant neoplasm derived from striated muscle
                                                  subtype:  #embryonal_rhabdomyosarcoma__embryonalrhabdomyosarcoma__embryonal_rhabdosarcoma__embryonalrhabdosarcoma  form of rhabdomyosarcoma occurring mainly in infants and children
                                                  subtype:  #alveolar_rhabdomyosarcoma__alveolar_rhabdosarcoma  form of rhabdomyosarcoma occuring mainly in adolescents and young adults
                                                  subtype:  #pleomorphic_rhabdomyosarcoma__pleomorphicrhabdomyosarcoma__pleomorphic_rhabdosarcoma__pleomorphicrhabdosarcoma  form of rhabdomyosarcoma that affects limb muscles of older adults
                                               subtype:  #Wilms'_tumor__Wilms_tumour__adenomyosarcoma__nephroblastoma__embryoma_of_the_kidney  malignant renal tumor of young children characterized by hypertension and blood in the urine and the presence of a palpable mass
                                         subtype:  #retinoblastoma  malignant ocular tumor of retinal cells; usually occurs before the third year of life; composed of primitive small round retinal cells
                                   subtype:  #eye_disease__eyedisease  any disease of the eye
                                      subtype:  #glaucoma  increased pressure in the eyeball due to obstruction of the outflow of aqueous humor; damages the optic disc and impairs vision (sometimes progressing to blindness)
                                         subtype:  #acute_glaucoma__acuteglaucoma__angle-closure_glaucoma__angleclosureglaucoma  glaucoma in which the iris blocks the outflow of aqueous humor
                                         subtype:  #chronic_glaucoma__chronicglaucoma__open-angle_glaucoma  glaucoma caused by blockage of the canal of Schlemm; produces gradual loss of peripheral vision
                                      subtype:  #keratonosus__keratonosu  any disease of the cornea
                                      subtype:  #trachoma  a chronic contagious viral disease marked by inflammation of the conjunctiva and cornea of the eye and the formation of scar tissue
                                      subtype:  #leukoma  eye disease consisting of an opaque white spot on the cornea
                                      subtype:  #cataract  clouding of the natural lens of the eye
                                   subtype:  #animal_disease  a disease that typically does not affect human beings
                                      subtype:  #warble  a lumpy abscess under the hide of domestic mammals caused by larvae of a botfly or warble fly
                                      subtype:  #anaplasmosis  a disease of cattle that is transmitted by cattle ticks; similar to Texas fever
                                      subtype:  #brooder_pneumonia__brooderpneumonia__aspergillosis__aspergillosi  severe respiratory disease of birds that takes the form of an acute rapidly fatal pneumonia in young chickens and turkeys
                                      subtype:  #bighead  any of various diseases of animals characterized by edema of the head and neck
                                      subtype:  #bull_nose  a disease of pigs resulting in swelling of the snout
                                      subtype:  #canine_chorea__chorea  chorea in dogs
                                      subtype:  #costiasis__costiasi  a fatal disease of fresh-water fish caused by a flagellated protozoan invading the skin
                                      subtype:  #cowpox__vaccinia  a viral disease of cattle causing a mild skin disease affecting the udder; formerly used to inoculate humans against smallpox
                                      subtype:  #creeps.animal_disease  a disease of cattle and sheep attributed to a dietary deficiency; characterized by anemia and softening of the bones and a slow stiff gait
                                      subtype:  #hemorrhagic_septicemia__hemorrhagicsepticemia__pasteurellosis  an acute infectious disease characterized by pneumonia and blood infection
                                      subtype:  #fowl_cholera  an acute diarrheal disease (especially of chickens) caused by the microorganism that causes hemorrhagic septicemia
                                      subtype:  #fowl_pest  an acute viral disease of domestic fowl; characterized by refusal to each and high temperature and discoloration of the comb
                                      subtype:  #hog_cholera__hogcholera  highly infectious virus disease of swine
                                      subtype:  #distemper  any of various infectious diseases of animals
                                         subtype:  #canine_distemper  a viral disease of young dogs characterized by high fever and respiratory inflammation
                                         subtype:  #equine_distemper__strangles__strangle  an acute bacterial disease of horses characterized by inflammation of the mucous membranes
                                      subtype:  #enterotoxemia  a disease of cattle and sheep that is attributed to toxins absorbed from the intestines
                                      subtype:  #foot-and-mouth_disease__hoof-and-mouth_disease  acute contagious disease of cloven-footed animals marked by ulcers in the mouth and around the hoofs
                                      subtype:  #foot_rot  contagious degenerative infection of the feet of hoofed animals (especially cattle and sheep)
                                      subtype:  #black_disease__blackdisease__sheep_rot__liver_rot__liverrot__distomatosis  a disease of the liver (especially in sheep and cattle) caused by liver flukes and their by-products
                                      subtype:  #heaves__broken_wind  a chronic emphysema of the horse that causes difficult expiration and heaving of the flanks
                                      subtype:  #red_water__redwater  a disease of cattle; characterized by hematuria
                                      subtype:  #rhinotracheitis__rhinotracheiti  an respiratory infection of the nose and throat in cattle
                                      subtype:  #rinderpest__cattle_plague  an acute infectious viral disease of cattle (usually fatal); characterized by fever and diarrhea and inflammation of mucous membranes
                                      subtype:  #scours  diarrhea in livestock
                                      subtype:  #bovine_spongiform_encephalitis__BSE__mad_cow_disease  a fatal disease of cattle that affects the central nervous system; causes staggering and agitation
                                      subtype:  #scrapie  a fatal disease of sheep characterized by chronic itching and loss of muscular control and progressive degeneration of the central nervous system
                                      subtype:  #shipping_fever__shipping_pneumonia  a deadly form of septicemia in cattle and sheep; involves high fever and pneumonia; contracted under conditions of exposure or exhaustion (as often happens when the animals are shipped to market)
                                      subtype:  #spavin  a swelling of the hock joint of a horse; resulting in lameness
                                         subtype:  #blood_spavin__bloodspavin  spavin caused by distension of the veins
                                         subtype:  #bog_spavin__bogspavin  spavin caused by collection of fluids
                                         subtype:  #bone_spavin  spavin caused by a bony growth
                                      subtype:  #loco_disease__locoism  a disease of livestock caused by locoweed poisoning; characterized by weakness and lack of coordination and trembling and partial paralysis
                                      subtype:  #mange  an persistent and contagious disease of the skin causing inflammation and itching and loss of hair; affects domestic animals (and sometimes people)
                                      subtype:  #moon_blindness__mooneye  recurrent eye inflammation in horses; sometimes resulting in blindness
                                      subtype:  #murrain  any plaguelike disease of domestic animals
                                      subtype:  #myxomatosis__myxomatosi  a viral disease (usually fatal) of rabbits
                                      subtype:  #Newcastle_disease  disease of domestic fowl and other birds
                                      subtype:  #pip.animal_disease  a disease of poultry
                                      subtype:  #psittacosis__psittacosi__parrot_disease  infectious disease of birds
                                      subtype:  #pullorum_disease__bacillary_white_diarrhea__bacillarywhitediarrhea__bacillary_white_diarrhoea__bacillarywhitediarrhoea  a serious bacterial disease of young chickens
                                      subtype:  #saddle_sore.animal_disease__saddlesore__gall  an open sore on the back of a horse caused by ill-fitting or badly adjusted saddle
                                      subtype:  #sand_crack  a fissure in the wall of a horse's hoof often causing lameness
                                         subtype:  #toe_crack__toecrack  a crack on the forepart of a horse's hindfoot
                                         subtype:  #quarter_crack__quartercrack  a crack on the inside of a horse's forefoot
                                      subtype:  #sweating_sickness  a disease of cattle (especially calves)
                                      subtype:  #Texas_fever  an infectious disease of cattle transmitted by the cattle tick
                                      subtype:  #trembles__milk_sickness  disease of livestock and especially cattle poisoned by eating certain kinds of snakeroot
                                      subtype:  #zoonosis  an animal disease that can be transmitted to humans
                                         subtype:  #actinomycosis__actinomycosi  disease of cattle that can be transmitted to humans; results from infection with actinomycetes; characterized by hard swellings that exude pus through long sinuses
                                            subtype:  #cervicofacial_actinomycosis__cervicofacialactinomycosi__lumpy_jaw__lumpyjaw  the commonest and least severe form of actinomycosis; affects the face and neck regions
                                            subtype:  #thoracic_actinomycosis  a serious form of actinomycosis that affects the chest
                                            subtype:  #abdominal_actinomycosis__abdominalactinomycosi  a serious form of actinomycosis that affects the abdomen
                                         subtype:  #anthrax__splenic_fever__splenicfever  a highly infectious animal disease (especially cattle and sheep); it can be transmitted to people
                                         subtype:  #brucellosis__brucellosi__contagious_abortion__Bang's_disease  an infectious disease of domestic animals often resulting in spontaneous abortion; transmittable to human beings
                                         subtype:  #glanders  a destructive and contagious bacterial disease of horses that can be transmitted to humans
                                         subtype:  #Lyme_disease__Lyme_arthritis  an acute inflammatory disease characterized by a rash with joint swelling and fever; caused by bacteria carried by the bite of a deer tick
                                         subtype:  #Marburg_disease__Marburg-ebola_disease__green_monkey_disease  a viral disease of green monkeys; when transmitted to humans it causes serious or fatal illness
                                         subtype:  #rabies__hydrophobia__madness__madnes  an acute viral disease of the nervous system of warm-blooded animals (usually transmitted by the bite of a rabid animal); rabies is fatal if the virus reaches the brain
                                         subtype:  #swamp_fever__swampfever__leptospirosis__leptospirosi  an infectious disease cause by leptospira and transmitted to humans from domestic animals; characterized by jaundice and fever
                                            subtype:  #canicola_fever  an acute feverish disease in people and in dogs marked by gastroenteritis and mild jaundice
                                            subtype:  #Weil's_disease  a severe form of leptospirosis in human beings
                                         subtype:  #tularemia__tularaemia__rabbit_fever__deer_fly_fever__yatobyo  disease of rodents (especially rabbits and squirrels) and sometimes transmitted to humans by ticks or flies or by handling infected animals
                                   subtype:  #plant_disease  a disease that affects plants
                                      subtype:  #blight  any plant disease resulting in withering without rotting
                                         subtype:  #alder_blight__alderblight  a disease of alders caused by the woolly alder aphid (a plant louse)
                                         subtype:  #apple_blight__appleblight__apple_canker__applecanker  a disease of apple trees
                                         subtype:  #beet_blight  a disease of beet plants
                                         subtype:  #blister_blight__blisterblight  a disease of tea plants
                                         subtype:  #blister_blight.blight__blisterblight  a disease of Scotch pines
                                         subtype:  #cane_blight  a disease affecting the canes of various bush fruits (e.g., raspberries or currants)
                                         subtype:  #chestnut_blight__chestnut_canker__chestnut-bark_disease  a disease of American chestnut trees
                                         subtype:  #coffee_blight  a blight affecting the coffee plant
                                         subtype:  #collar_blight  a disease affecting the trunks of pear and apple trees
                                         subtype:  #halo_spot__halo_blight__bean_blight  a blight of bean plants
                                         subtype:  #halo_blight  a blight affecting the leaves of oats and other grasses
                                         subtype:  #head_blight  a blight of the heads of cereals
                                            subtype:  #wheat_scab__wheatscab  a disease of the heads of wheat plants
                                         subtype:  #late_blight  blight in which symptoms appear late in the growing season especially a disease of solanaceous plants caused by the fungus Phytophthora infestans
                                            subtype:  #celery_blight  a fungous leaf spot disease of the celery plant
                                         subtype:  #leaf_blight  any blight causing a browning and falling of the leaves of a plant
                                            subtype:  #fire_blight__pear_blight  a disease blackening the leaves of pear and apple trees
                                               subtype:  #blight_canker  a phase of fire blight in which cankers appear
                                            subtype:  #needle_blight__needle_cast__leaf_cast  a disease of conifers causing the needles to fall
                                         subtype:  #peach_blight__peachblight  a disease of trees bearing drupes
                                         subtype:  #potato_blight__potato_mold__potato_disease__potato_mildew__potato_murrain  a blight of potatoes
                                         subtype:  #rim_blight__rimblight  a disease of tea plants
                                         subtype:  #spinach_blight__spinachblight  a disease of spinach plants
                                         subtype:  #spur_blight  a disease of raspberries
                                         subtype:  #stem_blight  a fungous blight attacking the stems of plants
                                         subtype:  #stripe_blight  a disease of oats
                                         subtype:  #thread_blight  a disease of tropical woody plants(cocoa or tea or citrus)
                                         subtype:  #tomato_blight__tomato_yellows  a disease of tomato plants
                                         subtype:  #twig_blight  a disease of the ends of twigs of woody plants
                                         subtype:  #walnut_blight  a disease of English walnut trees
                                      subtype:  #rust  a reddish-brown discoloration of leaves and stems caused by a rust fungus
                                         subtype:  #white_pine_blister_rust__blister_rust__blisterrust__whitepinerust  any of several diseases of pines caused by rust fungi of the genus Cronartium and marked by destructive invasion of bark and sapwood and producing blisters externally
                                      subtype:  #blackheart  any of various diseases in which the central tissues blacken
                                      subtype:  #black_knot__blackknot  disease of plum and cherry trees characterized by black excrescences on the branches
                                      subtype:  #black_rot__blackrot  a fungous disease causing darkening and decay of the leaves of fruits and vegetables
                                      subtype:  #black_spot__blackspot  any of several fungous diseases of plants that produce small black spots on the plant
                                      subtype:  #bottom_rot  fungous disease of lettuce that first rots lower leaves and spreads upward
                                      subtype:  #brown_rot__brownrot  any of certain fungous diseases of plants characterized by browning and decay of tissues
                                         subtype:  #brown_rot_gummosis__gummosis  disease of citrus trees caused by the fungus Phytophthora citrophthora
                                         subtype:  #ring_rot__ring_disease__tobacco_wilt__tobaccowilt  disease of tomatoes and potatoes and tobacco etc caused by the bacterium Pseudomonas solanacearum
                                      subtype:  #gummosis  pathological production of gummy exudates in citrus and various stone-fruit trees
                                      subtype:  #cotton_ball  a fungus disease of cranberries
                                      subtype:  #crown_gall__crowngall  a bacterial disease of plants (especially pome and stone fruits and grapes and roses) which forms excrescences on the stem near the ground
                                         subtype:  #hairy_root__hairyroot  a phase of crown gall (especially in apples) during which there is abnormal development of fine fibrous roots
                                      subtype:  #crown_wart__crownwart  a fungous disease of alfalfa which forms white excrescences at the base of the stem
                                      subtype:  #damping_off__dampingoff  a plant disease caused by a fungus; diseased condition of seedlings in excessive moisture
                                      subtype:  #dieback  a disease of plants characterized by the gradual dying of the young shoots starting at the tips and progressing to the larger branches
                                      subtype:  #dry_rot.plant_disease  a crumbling and drying of timber or bulbs or potatoes or fruit caused by a fungus
                                      subtype:  #heartrot  any plant disease in which the central part of a plant rots (especially in trees)
                                      subtype:  #mosaic.plant_disease  viral disease in solanaceous plants (tomatoes; potatoes; tobacco) resulting in mottling and often shriveling of the leaves
                                         subtype:  #potato_mosaic  a disease of the leaves of potato plants
                                         subtype:  #tobacco_mosaic__tobaccomosaic  a plant disease causing discoloration of the leaves of tobacco plants
                                      subtype:  #rhizoctinia_disease__rhizoctiniadisease  disease caused by rhizoctinia or fungi of Pellicularia and Corticium
                                         subtype:  #little_potato__rosette__russet_scab__stem_canker  rhizoctinia disease of potatoes
                                      subtype:  #pink_disease  serious bark disease of many tropical crop trees (coffee; citrus; rubber); branches have a covering of pink hyphae
                                      subtype:  #potato_wart  fungous disease causing dark warty spongy excrescences in the eyes of potato tubers
                                      subtype:  #root_rot  disease characterized by root decay; caused by various fungi
                                      subtype:  #sweet-potato_ring_rot  disease of sweet potatoes in which roots are girdled by rings of dry rot
                                      subtype:  #sclerotium_disease__sclerotium_rot  plant disease cause by fungi of the genus Sclerotium; also one in which sclerotia are formed
                                      subtype:  #Dutch_elm_disease  disease of elms caused by a fungus
                                      subtype:  #ergot  a plant disease caused by the ergot fungus
                                      subtype:  #foot_rot.plant_disease__footrot  plant disease in which the stem or trunk rots at the base
                                      subtype:  #pinkroot  a fungal disease of onions
                                      subtype:  #wilt_disease__wilt  any plant disease characterized by drooping and shriveling; usually caused by parasites attacking the roots
                                         subtype:  #granville_wilt__granvillewilt  a bacterial wilt of tobacco plants
                                         subtype:  #fusarium_wilt  caused by fungi of the genus Fusarium
                                         subtype:  #verticilliosis  caused by soil-borne fungi of the genus Verticillium
                                      subtype:  #smut  destructive diseases of plants (especially cereal grasses) caused by fungi that produce black powdery masses of spores
                                         subtype:  #loose_smut.smut__loosesmut  disease of grains; the entire head is a dusty mass of spores
                                         subtype:  #stinking_smut__bunt  disease of wheat characterized by replacement of the grains with greasy masses of smelly smut spores
                                         subtype:  #flag_smut  smut affecting leaves and stems of cereals and other grasses
                                         subtype:  #green_smut__greensmut__false_smut__falsesmut  disease of rice; grains covered by a green powder consisting of conidia
                                      subtype:  #soft_rot  mushy or slimy decay of plants caused by bacteria or fungi
                                         subtype:  #leak.soft_rot  soft watery rot in fruits and vegetables caused by fungi
                                      subtype:  #yellow_dwarf  any of several virus diseases of plants characterized by stunting and yellowing of the leaves
                                         subtype:  #yellow_dwarf_of_potato__potato_yellow_dwarf  the yellow dwarf disease of potato plants
                                         subtype:  #onion_yellow_dwarf  the yellow dwarf disease of onion plants
                                      subtype:  #yellow_spot  any of several fungous or viral diseases characterized by yellow spotting on the leaves
                                         subtype:  #tomato_streak  disease of a wide range of plants (tomatoes; potatoes; peas) resulting from a mixed infection of potato and tomato mosaic
                                   subtype:  #ozena__ozaena  a chronic disease of the nose characterized by a foul-smelling nasal discharge and atrophy of nasal structures
                                   subtype:  #filariasis  a disease caused by nematodes in the blood or tissues of the body causing blockage of lymphatic vessels
                                subtype:  #hypermotility  excessive movement; especially excessive motility of the gastrointestinal tract
                                subtype:  #indisposition  a slight illness
                                subtype:  #ozone_sickness  illness that can occur to persons exposed to ozone in high-altitude aircraft; characterized by sleepiness and headache and chest pains and itchiness
                                subtype:  #toxemia_of_pregnancy__toxaemia_of_pregnancy__toxemia__toxaemia  an abnormal condition of pregnancy characterized by hypertension and edema and protein in the urine
                                   subtype:  #eclampsia  a toxic condition characterized by convulsions and possibly coma during or immediately after pregnancy
                                   subtype:  #preeclampsia__pre-eclampsia__preeclampsia  abnormal state of pregnancy characterized by hypertension and fluid retention and albuminuria; can lead to eclampsia if untreated
                                subtype:  #growth.illness  (pathology) an abnormal proliferation of tissue (as in a tumor)
                                   subtype:  #exostosis__exostosi  a benign outgrowth from a bone (usually covered with cartilage)
                                   subtype:  #polypus__polypu__polyp  a small vascular growth on the surface of a mucous membrane
                                      subtype:  #adenomatous_polyp__adenomatouspolyp  a polyp that consists of benign neoplastic tissue derived from glandular epithelium; "adenomatous polyps are visible protrusions that can develop on the mucosal surface of the colon or rectum"
                                      subtype:  #sessile_polyp__sessilepolyp  a relatively flat polyp
                                      subtype:  #pedunculated_polyp  a polyp with a stalk or peduncle
                                   subtype:  #peduncle.growth  the thin process of tissue that attaches a polyp to the body
                                   subtype:  #tumor__tumour__neoplasm  an abnormal new mass of tissue that serves no purpose
                                      subtype:  #acanthoma__skin_tumor  a neoplasm originating in the epidermis
                                         subtype:  #keratoacanthoma  skin tumor that grows rapidly (especially in older people) and resembles a carcinoma but does not spread; it usually disappears spontaneously, often leaving a scar
                                      subtype:  #adenoma  a benign epithelial tumor of glandular origin
                                         subtype:  #fibroadenoma  benign and movable and firm and not tender tumor of the breast; common in young women and caused by high levels of estrogen
                                      subtype:  #angioma  a tumor consisting of a mass of blood or lymphatic vessels
                                         subtype:  #hemangioma__haemangioma  benign angioma consisting of a mass of blood vessels; some appear as birthmarks
                                            subtype:  #strawberry_hemangioma__strawberry_haemangioma  a congenital bright red superficial vascular tumor resembling a strawberry; tends to decrease in size during childhood
                                         subtype:  #lymphangioma  benign angioma consisting of a mass of lymphatic vessels
                                         subtype:  #spider_angioma__spider_nevus__vascular_spider  a dilation of superficial capillaries with a central red dot from which blood vessels radiate
                                      subtype:  #benign_tumor__benign_tumour__nonmalignant_tumor__nonmalignant_tumout__nonmalignanttumout__nonmalignant_neoplasm  a tumor that is not cancerous
                                         subtype:  #chondroma  a common benign tumor of cartilage cells
                                         subtype:  #myxoma  a benign tumor of connective tissue containing jellylike material
                                         subtype:  #osteoblastoma  benign tumor of bone and fibrous tissue; occurs in the vertebrae or femur or tibia or arm bones (especially in young adults)
                                         subtype:  #osteochondroma  benign tumor containing both bone and cartilage; usually occurs near the end of a long bone
                                      subtype:  #blastoma__blastocytoma__embryonal_carcinosarcoma__embryonalcarcinosarcoma  a tumor composed of immature undifferentiated cells
                                      subtype:  #brain_tumor__braintumor__brain_tumour__braintumour  a tumor in the brain
                                         subtype:  #glioblastoma__spongioblastoma  a fast-growing malignant brain tumor composed of spongioblasts; nearly always fatal
                                         subtype:  #glioma  a tumor of the brain consisting of neuroglia
                                      subtype:  #carcinoid  a small tumor (benign or malignant) arising from the mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract; usually associated with excessive secretion of serotonin
                                      subtype:  #celioma  an abdominal tumor
                                      subtype:  #enchondroma  benign slow-growing tumor of cartilaginous cells at the ends of tubular bones (especially in the hands and feet)
                                      subtype:  #fibroma  nonmalignant tumor of connective tissue
                                         subtype:  #fibroid_tumor__fibroidtumor  benign tumor containing fibrous tissue (especially in the uterus)
                                      subtype:  #granuloma  a tumor composed of granulation tissue resulting from injury or inflammation or infection
                                         subtype:  #gumma  a small rubbery granuloma that is characteristic of an advanced stage of syphilis
                                      subtype:  #lipoma__adipose_tumor__adiposetumor  a tumor consisting of fatty tissue
                                      subtype:  #malignant_tumor__malignanttumor__malignant_neoplasm__malignantneoplasm__metastatic_tumor  a tumor that is malignant and tends to spread to other parts of the body
                                      subtype:  #meningioma  a tumor arising in the meninges which surround the brain and spinal cord; usually slow growing and sometimes malignant
                                      subtype:  #myeloma  a tumor of the bone marrow (usually malignant) composed of cells normally found in bone marrow
                                         subtype:  #multiple_myeloma  myeloma that develops in several places at the same time
                                      subtype:  #myoma  a benign tumor composed of muscle tissue
                                         subtype:  #leiomyoma  benign tumor of smooth muscle (usually in the uterus or digestive tract)
                                         subtype:  #rhabdomyoma  benign rumor of striated muscle
                                      subtype:  #neurinoma  tumor (usually benign) of the sheath surrounding a nerve
                                      subtype:  #neuroblastoma  malignant tumor containing embryonic nerve cells; usually metastasizes quickly
                                      subtype:  #neuroepithelioma  malignant tumor of the neuroepithelium
                                      subtype:  #neurofibroma__neurilemoma  tumor of the fibrous covering of a peripheral nerve
                                      subtype:  #neuroma  any tumor derived from cells of the nervous system
                                      subtype:  #osteoma  a tumor of bone tissue
                                      subtype:  #papilloma__villoma__papillary_tumor__papillarytumor__papillary_tumour__papillarytumour  a benign epithelial tumor forming a rounded mass
                                      subtype:  #pheochromocytoma__phaeochromocytoma  a vascular tumor of the adrenal gland; hypersecretion of epinephrine results in intermittent or sustained hypertension
                                      subtype:  #pinealoma  tumor of the pineal gland
                                      subtype:  #plasmacytoma  neoplasm of plasma cells (usually in bone marrow)
                                      subtype:  #psammoma__sand_tumor  a tumor derived from fibrous tissue of the meninges or choroid plexus or certain other structures associated with the brain; characterized by sand-like particles
                                      subtype:  #teratoma  a tumor consisting of a mixture of tissues not normally found at that site
                                   subtype:  #hamartoma  a focal growth that resembles a neoplasm but results from faulty development in an organ
                             subtype:  #invalidism  chronic ill health
                             subtype:  #biliousness__biliousnes  gastric distress caused by a disorder of the liver or gall bladder
                             subtype:  #infection  invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms causing inflammation
                                subtype:  #enterobiasis  an infestation with or a resulting infection caused by the pinworm Enterobius vermicularis; occurs especially in children
                                subtype:  #felon__whitlow  a purulent infection at the end of a finger or toe in the area surrounding the nail
                                subtype:  #focal_infection__focalinfection  bacterial infection limited to a specific organ or region especially one causing symptoms elsewhere
                                subtype:  #fungal_infection__mycosis  an inflammatory condition caused by a fungus
                                   subtype:  #blastomycosis__blastomycosi  any of several infections of the skin or mucous membrane caused by Blastomyces
                                      subtype:  #chromoblastomycosis__chromoblastomycosi  a fungal infection characterized by itchy warty nodules on the skin
                                   subtype:  #tinea__ringworm__roundworm  infections of the skin or nails caused by fungi and appearing as itching circular patches
                                      subtype:  #dhobi_itch__dhobiitch  fungal infection attacking moist parts of the body
                                      subtype:  #kerion  ringworm infection of the hair follicles of the scalp and beard that is usually results in a pustule-covered swelling that oozes fluid
                                      subtype:  #tinea_pedis__tineapedi__athlete's_foot__athlete'sfoot  fungal infection of the feet
                                      subtype:  #tinea_barbae__tineabarbae__barber's_itch  fungal infection of the face and neck
                                      subtype:  #tinea_capitis__tineacapiti  fungal infection of the scalp characterized by bald patches
                                      subtype:  #tinea_corporis  fungal infection of nonhairy parts of the skin
                                      subtype:  #tinea_cruris__jock_itch__eczema_marginatum  fungal infection of the groin (most common in men)
                                      subtype:  #tinea_unguium__tineaunguium  fungal infection of the nails (especially toenails)
                                   subtype:  #coccidioidomycosis__coccidiomycosis__coccidiomycosi__valley_fever__desert_rheumatism  an infection of the lungs and skin characterized by excessive sputum and nodules
                                   subtype:  #cryptococcosis  a fungal infection characterized by nodular lesions--first in the lungs and spreading to the nervous system
                                   subtype:  #candidiasis__candidiasi__moniliasis__monilia_disease__moniliadisease  an infection caused by fungi of the genus Monilia or Candida (especially Candida albicans)
                                      subtype:  #thrush.candidiasis  candidiasis of the oral cavity; seen mostly in infants or debilitated adults
                                   subtype:  #dermatomycosis__dermatophytosis__dermatophytosi  fungal infection of the skin (especially of moist parts covered by clothing)
                                   subtype:  #favus__favu  a contagious fungal infection of the scalp; occurs mainly in Africa and the Middle East
                                   subtype:  #keratomycosis__keratomycosi  fungal infection of the cornea
                                   subtype:  #phycomycosis  any fungal infection caused by fungi of the Phycomycetes group
                                   subtype:  #sporotrichosis  a chronic fungal infection of the skin and lymph nodes
                                   subtype:  #rhinosporidiosis  fungal infection of the nose; often acquired while swimming
                                subtype:  #opportunistic_infection__opportunisticinfection  any infection caused by a microorganism that does not normally cause disease in humans; occurs in persons with abnormally functioning immune systems (as AIDS patients or transplant patients receiving immunosuppressive drugs)
                                   subtype:  #aspergillosis.opportunistic_infection__aspergillosi  an opportunistic infection by a fungus of the genus Aspergillus; characterized by inflammation and lesions of the ear and other organs
                                subtype:  #paronychia  infection in the tissues adjacent to a nail on a finger or toe
                                subtype:  #protozoal_infection__protozoalinfection  any infection caused by a protozoan
                                   subtype:  #malaria  an infective disease caused by sporozoan parasites that are transmitted through the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito; marked by paroxysms of chills and fever
                                      subtype:  #blackwater_fever  severe and often fatal malaria characterized by kidney damage resulting in dark urine
                                      subtype:  #jungle_fever  severe form of malaria occurring in tropical regions
                                   subtype:  #amebiasis__amebiasi__amoebiasis__amebiosis__amebiosi__amoebiosis  infection by a disease-causing ameba
                                      subtype:  #amebic_dysentery__amoebic_dysentery__amoebicdysentery  inflammation of the intestines caused by Endamoeba histolytica; usually acquired by ingesting food or water contaminated with feces; characterized by severe diarrhea
                                   subtype:  #giardiasis  infection of the intestines with protozoa found in contaminated food and water; characterized by diarrhea and nausea and flatulence and abdominal discomfort
                                   subtype:  #leishmaniasis__leishmaniasi__leishmaniosis__leishmaniosi  sores resulting from a tropical infection by protozoa of the genus Leishmania
                                      subtype:  #visceral_leishmaniasis__kala-azar__Assam_fever__dumdum_fever  leishmaniasis of the viscera
                                      subtype:  #cutaneous_leishmaniasis__cutaneousleishmaniasi__Old_World_leishmaniasis__oriental_sore__tropical_sore__Delhi_boil__Aleppo_boil  leishmaniasis of the skin; characterized by ulcerative skin lesions
                                      subtype:  #mucocutaneous_leishmaniasis__mucocutaneousleishmaniasi__New_World_leishmaniasis__American_leishmaniasis__leishmaniasis_americana__leishmaniasisamericana__nasopharyngeal_leishmaniasis  a form of leishmaniasis endemic in Mexico and Central American and South America; sores are limited to the skin and mucosa
                                   subtype:  #trichomoniasis  infection of the vagina
                                subtype:  #respiratory_tract_infection__respiratorytractinfection__respiratory_infection__respiratoryinfection  any infection of the respiratory tract
                                   subtype:  #lower_respiratory_infection  infection of the lower respiratory tract
                                   subtype:  #upper_respiratory_infection__upperrespiratoryinfection  infection of the upper respiratory tract
                                subtype:  #scabies__scabie__itch  a contagious skin infection caused by the itch mite; characterized by persistent itching and skin irritation; "he has a bad case of the itch"
                                subtype:  #schistosomiasis__schistosomiasi__bilharzia__bilharziasi  an infestation with or a resulting infection caused by a parasite of the genus Schistosoma; common in the tropics and Far East; symptoms depend on the part of the body infected
                                subtype:  #sepsis  the presence of pus-forming bacteria or their toxins in the blood or tissues
                                   subtype:  #blood_poisoning__bloodpoisoning__septicemia__septicaemia  invasion of the bloodstream by virulent microorganisms from a focus of infection
                                   subtype:  #sapremia__sapraemia  blood poisoning caused by putrefactive bacteria; results from eating putrified matter
                                subtype:  #sore  an open skin infection
                                   subtype:  #blain  an inflammatory swelling or sore
                                      subtype:  #chilblain__chilblains__pernio  inflammation of the hands and feet caused by exposure to cold and moisture
                                         subtype:  #kibe  ulcerated chilblain on the heel
                                   subtype:  #chancre  a small hard painless nodule at the site of entry of a pathogen (as syphilis)
                                   subtype:  #fester__suppurating_sore__suppuratingsore  a sore that has become inflamed and formed pus
                                   subtype:  #gall.sore  a skin sore caused by chafing
                                      subtype:  #saddle_sore  sore on a horseback rider chafed by a saddle
                                subtype:  #staphylococcal_infection  an infection with Staphylococcus bacteria; usually marked by abscess formation
                                   subtype:  #furuncle__boil  a painful sore with a hard pus-filled core
                                      subtype:  #gumboil  a boil or abscess on the gums
                                   subtype:  #carbuncle  an infection larger than a boil and with several openings for discharge of pus
                                subtype:  #streptococcal_sore_throat__strep_throat__strepthroat__streptococcus_tonsilitis__septic_sore_throat__throat_infection  an infection of the oral pharynx and tonsils by streptococcus
                                subtype:  #sty__stye__hordeolum__eyeinfection  an infection of the sebaceous gland of the eyelid
                                subtype:  #superinfection  infection that occurs while you are being treated for another infection
                                subtype:  #suprainfection  secondary infection caused by an opportunistic infection
                                subtype:  #tapeworm_infection  intestinal infection by a species of parasitic tapeworm; usually the result of eating inadequately cooked meat or fish
                                subtype:  #lockjaw__tetanus__tetanu  an acute and serious infection of the central nervous system caused by bacterial infection of open wounds; spasms of the jaw and laryngeal muscles may occur during the late stages
                                subtype:  #toxoplasmosis__toxoplasmosi  infection caused by parasites transmitted to humans from infected cats; if contracted by a pregnant woman it can result in serious damage to the fetus
                                subtype:  #viral_infection__viralinfection__virus_infection__virusinfection  infection by a virus that is pathogenic to humans
                                   subtype:  #hemorrhagic_fever__hemorrhagicfever__haemorrhagic_fever  a viral infection (usually restricted to a specific geographic area); fever and gastrointestinal symptoms are followed by capillary hemorrhage
                                   subtype:  #herpangia  a viral infection (usually in children) marked by sore throat and fever and papules in the mouth and throat and headache and abdominal pain; usually subsides in a short time
                                   subtype:  #Rift_Valley_fever  a viral infection common in Africa; transmitted by mosquitoes or by handling infected animals
                                   subtype:  #viral_pneumonia__viralpneumonia  pneumonia caused by a virus
                             subtype:  #heatstroke__heat_hyperpyrexia  collapse caused by exposure to excessive heat
                                subtype:  #heat_exhaustion__heat_prostration__prostration  a condition marked by dizziness and nausea and weakness caused by depletion of body fluids and electrolytes
                                subtype:  #sunstroke__insolation__thermic_fever__thermicfever__siriasis  sudden prostration due to exposure to the sun or excessive heat
                             subtype:  #pathology  any deviation from a healthy or normal condition
                                subtype:  #acidosis  abnormally high acidity (excess hydrogen-ion concentration) of the blood and other body tissues
                                   subtype:  #ketoacidosis__diabetic_acidosis  acidosis with an accumulation of ketone bodies; occurs primarily in diabetes mellitus
                                   subtype:  #metabolic_acidosis  acidosis and bicarbonate concentration in the body fluids resulting either from the accumulation of acids or the abnormal loss of bases from the body (as in diarrhea or renal disease)
                                   subtype:  #respiratory_acidosis__carbon_dioxide_acidosis  acidosis resulting from reduced gas exchange in the lungs (as in emphysema or pneumonia); excess carbon dioxide combines with water to form carbonic acid which increases the acidity of the blood
                                   subtype:  #starvation_acidosis  acidosis in which the acidity results from lack of food which leads to fat catabolism which in turn releases acidic ketone bodies
                                subtype:  #alkalosis__alkalosi  abnormally high alkalinity (low hydrogen-ion concentration) of the blood and other body tissues
                                   subtype:  #metabolic_alkalosis__metabolicalkalosi  alkalosis resulting from hydrogen-ion loss or excessive intake of alkaline substances
                                   subtype:  #respiratory_alkalosis__respiratoryalkalosi  alkalosis resulting from increased gas exchange in the lungs (as in hyperventilation associated with extreme anxiety or aspirin intoxication or metabolic acidosis)
                                subtype:  #ankylosis__ankylosi__anchylosis  abnormal adhesion and rigidity of the bones of a joint
                                subtype:  #arteriectasis__arteriectasi__arteriectasia  an abnormal distension of an artery
                                subtype:  #asynergy__asynergia  absence of coordination of organs or body parts that usually work together harmoniously
                                subtype:  #asystole__cardiac_arrest__cardiacarrest__cardiopulmonary_arrest__cardiopulmonaryarrest  absence of systole; failure of the ventricles of the heart to contract (usually caused by ventricular fibrillation) with consequent absence of the heart beat leading to oxygen lack and eventually to death
                                subtype:  #diverticulosis  presence of diverticula in the walls of the colon
                                subtype:  #flux.pathology  excessive discharge of liquid from a cavity or organ (as in watery diarrhea)
                                subtype:  #fluorosis__fluorosi  a pathological condition resulting for an excessive intake of fluorine (usually from drinking water)
                                subtype:  #gammopathy  a disturbance in the synthesis of immunoglobulins; proteins having antibody activity increase greatly in the blood
                                subtype:  #glossolalia  repetitive nonsense speech
                                subtype:  #angiopathy  any disease of the blood vessels or lymph ducts
                                   subtype:  #angioma  a tumor consisting of a mass of blood or lymphatic vessels
                                   subtype:  #angiitis  inflammation of a blood vessel or lymph duct
                                subtype:  #idiopathic_disease__idiopathy  any disease of unknown cause
                                subtype:  #aphagia  loss of the ability to swallow
                                subtype:  #stenosis__stricture  abnormal narrowing of a bodily canal or passageway
                                   subtype:  #aortic_stenosis  abnormal narrowing of the aortic valve
                                   subtype:  #enterostenosis  abnormal narrowing of the intestine
                                   subtype:  #Laryngostenosis  abnormal narrowing of the larynx
                                   subtype:  #pulmonary_stenosis  abnormal narrowing of the opening into the pulmonary artery from the right ventricle
                                   subtype:  #pyloric_stenosis  narrowing of the pyloric sphincter that blocks the passage of food from the stomach into the duodenum
                                   subtype:  #rhinostenosis__rhinostenosi  narrowing of the passages in the nasal cavities
                                   subtype:  #mitral_stenosis__mitral_valve_stenosis  obstruction or narrowing of the mitral valve (as by scarring from rheumatic fever)
                                   subtype:  #ureterostenosis  stenosis of the ureter
                                subtype:  #atherogenesis__atherogenesi  the formation of atheromas on the walls of the arteries as in atherosclerosis
                                subtype:  #ascites__ascite  accumulation of serous fluid in peritoneal cavity
                                subtype:  #azymia  absence of an enzyme
                                subtype:  #bacteremia__bacteriemia__bacteriaemia  transient presence of bacteria (or other microorganisms) in the blood
                                subtype:  #sclerosis__sclerosi__induration  any pathological hardening or thickening of tissue
                                   subtype:  #disseminated_multiple_sclerosis__multiple_sclerosis__MS__disseminated_sclerosis  a chronic progressive nervous disorder involving loss of myelin sheath around certain nerve fibers
                                   subtype:  #amyotrophic_lateral_sclerosis__amyotrophiclateralsclerosi__ALS__Lou_Gehrig's_disease  thickening of tissue in the motor tracts of the lateral columns and anterior horns of the spinal cord; results in progressive muscle atrophy that starts in the limbs
                                   subtype:  #arteriolosclerosis  sclerosis of the arterioles
                                   subtype:  #arteriosclerosis__arterial_sclerosis__hardening_of_the_arteries__induration_of_the_arteries__coronary-artery_disease  sclerosis of the arterial walls
                                      subtype:  #atherosclerosis__atherosclerosi__coronary_artery_disease  a stage of arteriosclerosis involving fatty deposits (atheromas) inside the arterial walls
                                      subtype:  #arteriosclerosis_obliterans  a stage of arteriosclerosis involving closure of blood vessels
                                   subtype:  #osteosclerosis  abnormal hardening or eburnation of bone
                                subtype:  #lipomatosis__lipomatosi  pathology in which fat accumulates in lipomas in the body
                                subtype:  #lithiasis__lithiasi  the formation of stones (calculi) in an internal organ
                                   subtype:  #cholelithiasis  the presence of gallstones in the gallbladder
                                   subtype:  #enterolithiasis  the presence of calculi in the intestines
                                   subtype:  #nephrolithiasis__nephrolithiasi__renal_lithiasis__renallithiasi  the presence of kidney stones (calculi) in the kidney
                                      subtype:  #nephrocalcinosis  renal lithiasis in which calcium deposits form in the renal parenchyma and result in reduced kidney function and blood in the urine
                                subtype:  #cartilaginification  abnormal formation of cartilage from other tissues; observed in some Orientals
                                subtype:  #cyst  a closed sac that develops abnormally in some body structure
                                   subtype:  #dermoid_cyst__dermoidcyst  a cystic tumor (usually benign) with an epithelium-lined wall and a cavity containing other material
                                   subtype:  #galactocele  a cystic tumor containing milk or a milky substance (especially in the mammary glands)
                                   subtype:  #hemorrhagic_cyst__hemorrhagiccyst__blood_cyst__bloodcyst__hematocyst  a cyst containing blood
                                      subtype:  #cephalhematoma__cephalohematoma  a collection of blood under the scalp of a newborn; caused by pressure during birth
                                   subtype:  #hydatid  cyst filled with liquid; forms as a result of infestation by tapeworm larvae (as in echinococcosis)
                                   subtype:  #nabothian_cyst__nabothiancyst__nabothian_follicle__nabothianfollicle  a cyst that forms in the nabothian glands of the uterine cervix
                                   subtype:  #ovarian_cyst__ovariancyst  a cystic tumor (usually benign) of the ovary
                                   subtype:  #ranula  a cyst on the underside of the tongue
                                   subtype:  #sebaceous_cyst__sebaceouscyst__pilar_cyst__pilarcyst__wen  a common cyst of the skin; filled with fatty matter (sebum) that is secreted by a sebaceous gland that has been blocked
                                      subtype:  #chalazion__meibomiancyst  a small sebaceous cyst of the eyelid resulting when a Meibomian gland is blocked
                                subtype:  #endometriosis__endometriosi__adenomyosis__adenomyosi  the presence of endometrium elsewhere than in the lining of the uterus; causes premenstrual pain and dysmenorrhea
                                subtype:  #adhesion  abnormal union of bodily tissues; most common in the abdomen
                                   subtype:  #symphysis.adhesion  an abnormal adhesion of two or more structures
                                   subtype:  #synechia  adhesions between the iris and the lens or cornea resulting from trauma or eye surgery of as a complication of glaucoma or cataract; can lead to blindness
                                      subtype:  #anterior_synechia  adhesion between the iris and the cornea
                                      subtype:  #posterior_synechia__posteriorsynechia  adhesion between the iris and the lens
                                subtype:  #hemochromatosis__hemochromatosi__iron-storage_disease__iron_overload__bronzed_diabetes  pathology in which iron accumulates in the tissues; characterized by bronzed skin and enlarged liver and diabetes mellitus and abnormalities of the pancreas and the joints
                                   subtype:  #classic_hemochromatosis__classichemochromatosi__idiopathic_hemochromatosis  inherited form of hemochromatosis
                                   subtype:  #acquired_hemochromatosis  hemochromatosis resulting from repeated transfusions or from excessive intake of foods containing iron
                                subtype:  #infarct  localized necrosis resulting from obstruction of the blood supply
                                   subtype:  #myocardial_infarction__myocardial_infarct__MI  destruction of heart tissue resulting from obstruction of the blood supply to the heart muscle
                                subtype:  #macrocytosis  the presence of macrocytes in the blood
                                subtype:  #fibrosis  development of excess fibrous connective tissue in an organ
                                   subtype:  #cystic_fibrosis__fibrocystic_disease_of_the_pancreas__pancreatic_fibrosis__mucoviscidosis  a congenital disease in which the pancreas and lungs and intestines become clogged with mucus
                                   subtype:  #myelofibrosis__myelofibrosi  fibrosis of the bone marrow
                                subtype:  #malacia  a state of abnormal softening of tissue
                                   subtype:  #osteomalacia  abnormal softening of bones caused by deficiencies of phosphorus or calcium or vitamin D
                                subtype:  #neuropathy  any pathology of the peripheral nerves
                                   subtype:  #mononeuropathy  any neuropathy of a single nerve trunk
                                   subtype:  #multiple_mononeuropathy  pathology of several individual nerve trunks
                                subtype:  #myopathy  any pathology of the muscles that is not attributable to nerve dysfunction
                                subtype:  #osteoporosis  abnormal loss of bony tissue resulting in fragile porous bones attributable to a lack of calcium; most common in postmenopausal women
                                subtype:  #priapism  condition in which the penis is continually erect; usually painful and seldom with sexual arousal
                                subtype:  #demineralization__demineralisation  abnormal loss of mineral salts (especially from bone)
                                subtype:  #pyorrhea__pyorrhoea  discharge of pus
                                subtype:  #uremia__uraemia__azotemia__azotaemia  accumulation in the blood of nitrogen-bearing waste products (urea) that are usually excreted in the urine
                                subtype:  #azoturia  excess of urea in the urine
                                subtype:  #lesion  any visible abnormal structural change in a bodily part
                                   subtype:  #tubercle  a swelling that is the characteristic lesion of tuberculosis
                                   subtype:  #ulcer  a circumscribed inflammatory and often suppurating lesion on the skin or an internal mucous surface resulting in necrosis of tissue
                                      subtype:  #aphthous_ulcer  a blister on the mucous membranes of the lips or mouth or gastrointestinal tract
                                      subtype:  #bedsore__pressure_sore__decubitus_ulcer__decubitusulcer  a chronic ulcer of the skin caused by prolonged pressure on it (as in bedridden patients)
                                      subtype:  #chancroid  infectious venereal ulcer
                                      subtype:  #peptic_ulcer__peptic_ulceration  an ulcer of the mucous membrane lining of the alimentary tract
                                         subtype:  #duodenal_ulcer  a peptic ulcer of the duodenum
                                         subtype:  #gastric_ulcer__gastriculcer  a peptic ulcer of the stomach
                                      subtype:  #canker  an ulceration (especially of the lips or living of the mouth)
                                      subtype:  #noli-me-tangere  a cancerous ulcer of soft tissue and bone
                                      subtype:  #noma  acute ulceration of the mucous membranes of the mouth or genitals; often seen in undernourished children
                                subtype:  #gangrene__sphacelus__sphacelu__slough  necrotic tissue; a mortified or gangrenous part or mass
                                subtype:  #hyperbilirubinemia  abnormally high amounts of bile pigment (bilirubin) in the blood
                                   subtype:  #hyperbilirubinemia_of_the_newborn__neonatal_hyperbilirubinemia  a common disorder that is usually due to immaturity of the liver; usually subsides spontaneously
                                subtype:  #palilalia  a pathological condition in which a word is rapidly and involuntarily repeated
                                subtype:  #reflux  an abnormal backward flow of body fluids
                                   subtype:  #gastroesophageal_reflux__esophageal_reflux__oesophageal_reflux__oesophagealreflux  reflux of stomach contents into the esophagus
                                   subtype:  #hepatojugular_reflux__hepatojugularreflux  a venous reflux occurring in congestive heart failure
                                   subtype:  #ureterorenal_reflux  a backflow of urine from the ureter into the renal pelvis
                                   subtype:  #vesicoureteral_reflux  a backflow of urine from the bladder into the ureter
                                subtype:  #otorrhea  discharge from the external ear
                                subtype:  #rhinopathy  any disease or malformation of the nose
                                   subtype:  #rhinostenosis__rhinostenosi  narrowing of the passages in the nasal cavities
                                   subtype:  #rhinophyma__hypertrophic_rosacea__toper's_nose__toper'snose__brandy_nose__rum_nose__rumnose__rum-blossom__rumblossom__potato_nose__hammer_nose__copper_nose  enlargement of the nose with dilation of follicles and redness and prominent vascularity of the skin; often associated with excessive consumption of alcohol
                                   subtype:  #rhinosporidiosis  fungal infection of the nose; often acquired while swimming
                                subtype:  #hydronephrosis  accumulation of urine in the kidney because of an obstruction in the ureter
                                subtype:  #atelectasis__atelectasi  collapse of an expanded lung (especially in infants); also failure of pulmonary alveoli to expand at birth
                                subtype:  #anoxemia  abnormally low oxygen content in arterial blood
                                subtype:  #coprolalia  an uncontrollable use of obscene language; often accompanied by mental disorders
                                subtype:  #autoimmunity  production of antibodies against the tissues of your own body; produces autoimmune disease or hypersensitivity reactions
                                subtype:  #dysfunction__disfunction  (medical) any disturbance in the function of an organ or body part
                                   subtype:  #erectile_dysfunction__male_erecticle_dysfunction__ED  impotence resulting from a man's inability to have or maintain an erection of his penis
                                   subtype:  #paralysis__paralysi__palsy  loss of the ability to move a body part
                                      subtype:  #akinesis__akinesia  motionlessness attributable to a temporary paralysis
                                      subtype:  #alalia  paralysis of the vocal cords resulting in an inability to speak
                                      subtype:  #cystoplegia__cystoparalysis  paralysis of the urinary bladder
                                      subtype:  #diplegia  paralysis of corresponding parts on both sides of the body
                                      subtype:  #Erb's_palsy__Erb-Duchenne_paralysis  paralysis of the arm resulting from injury to the brachial plexus (usually during childbirth)
                                      subtype:  #monoplegia  paralysis of a single limb
                                      subtype:  #ophthalmoplegia  paralysis of the motor nerves of the eye
                                      subtype:  #paresis__paresi  a slight or partial paralysis
                                         subtype:  #paraparesis__paraparesi  a slight paralysis or weakness of both legs
                                      subtype:  #paraplegia  paralysis of the lower half of the body (most often as a result of trauma)
                                      subtype:  #hemiplegia__unilateral_paralysis  paralysis of one side of the body
                                      subtype:  #quadriplegia  paralysis of both arms and both legs
                                subtype:  #sarcoidosis__sarcoidosi  a chronic disease of unknown cause marked by the formation of nodules in the lungs and liver and lymph glands and salivary glands
                                subtype:  #carotenemia__xanthemia  excess carotene in the blood stream; can cause the skin to turn a pale yellow-red color
                                subtype:  #stasis.pathology  an abnormal state in which the normal flow of a liquid (such as blood) is slowed or stopped
                                subtype:  #uropathy  any pathology of the urinary tract
                                   subtype:  #kidney_disease__renal_disorder__renaldisorder__nephropathy__nephrosi  a disease affecting the kidneys
                                      subtype:  #nephritis__Bright's_disease  an inflammation of the kidney
                                         subtype:  #glomerulonephritis  nephritis marked by inflammation of the glomeruli of the kidney; characterized by decreased production of urine and by the presence of blood and protein in the urine and by edema
                                      subtype:  #nephrosclerosis__nephrosclerosi__nephroangiosclerosis  kidney disease that is usually associated with hypertension; sclerosis of the renal arterioles reduces blood flow that can lead to kidney failure and heart failure
                                      subtype:  #polycystic_kidney_disease__PKD  kidney disease characterized by enlarged kidneys containing many cysts; often leads to kidney failure
                                      subtype:  #polyuria  renal disorder characterized by the production of large volumes of pale dilute urine; often associated with diabetes
                                      subtype:  #renal_failure__renalfailure__kidney_failure  inability of the kidneys to excrete wastes and to help maintain the electrolyte balance
                                         subtype:  #acute_renal_failure__acuterenalfailure__acute_kidney_failure  renal failure associated with burns or other trauma or with acute infection or obstruction of the urinary tract
                                         subtype:  #chronic_renal_failure__chronicrenalfailure__chronic_kidney_failure  renal failure that can result from a variety of systemic disorders
                                      subtype:  #renal_insufficiency__renalinsufficiency  insufficient excretion of wastes by the kidneys
                                subtype:  #varicosis__varicosi  pathological condition of being varicose or having varicose veins
                                subtype:  #viremia__viraemia  the presence of a virus in the blood stream; "viremia spread the smallpox virus to the internal organs"
                                subtype:  #volvulus  abnormal twisting of the intestines (usually in the are of the ileum or sigmoid colon) resulting in intestinal obstruction
                             subtype:  #affliction.ill_health  a condition of suffering or distress due to ill health
                                subtype:  #deformity__malformation__misshapenness__misshapennes  an affliction in which some part of the body is misshapen or malformed
                                   subtype:  #Arnold-Chiari_deformity  deformity in which part of the brain protrudes through the skull
                                   subtype:  #clawfoot__pes_cavus__pescavu  a deformity of the foot characterized by an abnormally high arch and hyperextension of the toes which gives the foot the appearance of a claw
                                   subtype:  #cleft_foot__cleftfoot  a deformity in which the space between the third and fourth toes extends up into the foot
                                   subtype:  #clubfoot__talipes__talipe  congenital deformity of the foot usually marked by a curled shape or twisted position of the ankle and heel and toes
                                      subtype:  #talipes_valgus  deformity of the foot in which the foot is twisted outward
                                      subtype:  #talipes_equinus  talipes in which the toes are pointed downward
                                      subtype:  #talipes_calcaneus__talipescalcaneu  talipes in which the toes are pointed upward and the person walks on the heel of the foot
                                   subtype:  #pigeon_breast__chicken_breast__chickenbreast  abnormal protrusion of the breastbone caused by rickets
                                   subtype:  #plagiocephaly  congenital malformation of the skull in which the main axis of the skull is oblique
                                   subtype:  #scaphocephaly  congenital malformation of the skull which is long and narrow; frequently accompanied by mental retardation
                             subtype:  #harm__injury__hurt__trauma  any physical damage to the body caused by violence or accident or fracture etc.
                                subtype:  #bleeding__hemorrhage__haemorrhage  flow of blood from a ruptured blood vessels
                                   subtype:  #hemorrhagic_stroke__hemorrhagicstroke__haemorrhagic_stroke  stroke caused by the rupture of a blood vessel in the brain
                                   subtype:  #cerebral_hemorrhage  bleeding from a ruptured blood vessel in the brain
                                   subtype:  #blood_extravasation  the leakage of blood from a vessel into tissues surrounding it; can occur in injuries or burns or allergic reactions
                                   subtype:  #hyphema  bleeding into the interior chamber of the eye
                                   subtype:  #metrorrhagia  bleeding from the uterus that is not due to menstruation; usually indicative of disease (as cervical cancer)
                                   subtype:  #nosebleed__epistaxis__epistaxi  bleeding from the nose
                                   subtype:  #ulemorrhagia  bleeding of the gums
                                subtype:  #bruise__contusion  an injury that doesn't break the skin but results in some discoloration
                                   subtype:  #ecchymosis.bruise  the purple or black-and-blue area resulting from a bruise
                                   subtype:  #petechia  a minute red or purple spot on the surface of the skin as the result of tiny hemorrhages of blood vessels in the skin (as in typhoid fever)
                                   subtype:  #black_eye__blackeye__shiner  a bruise caused by a blow to the eye
                                subtype:  #bump  a lump on the body caused by a blow
                                subtype:  #burn.harm  an injury cause by exposure to heat or chemicals or radiation
                                   subtype:  #electric_burn  a burn caused by heat produced by an electric current
                                   subtype:  #singe__scorch  a surface burn
                                   subtype:  #scald.burn  a burn cause by hot liquid or steam
                                   subtype:  #first-degree_burn  burn causing redness of the skin surface
                                      subtype:  #erythema_solare__sunburn  redness of the skin caused by exposure to the rays of the sun
                                   subtype:  #second-degree_burn  burn causing blisters on the skin and superficial destruction of the dermis
                                   subtype:  #third-degree_burn  burn characterized by destruction of both epidermis and dermis
                                subtype:  #dislocation  a displacement of a part (especially a bone) from its normal position (as in the shoulder or the vertebral column)
                                   subtype:  #abarticulation  dislocation of a joint
                                   subtype:  #diastasis  separation of an epiphysis from the long bone to which it is normally attached without fracture of the bone
                                   subtype:  #spondylolisthesis__spondylolisthesi  a forward dislocation of one vertebra over the one beneath it producing pressure on spinal nerves
                                subtype:  #electric_shock.harm__electricshock  trauma caused by the passage of electric current through the body (as from contact with high voltage lines or being struck by lightning); usually involves burns and abnormal heart rhythm and unconsciousness
                                subtype:  #fracture__break  breaking of hard tissue such as bone; "it was a nasty fracture"; "the break seems to have been caused by a fall"
                                   subtype:  #comminuted_fracture  fracture in which the bone is splintered or crushed
                                   subtype:  #complete_fracture  break involving the entire width of the bone
                                   subtype:  #compound_fracture__open_fracture  bone fracture associated with lacerated soft tissue or an open wound
                                   subtype:  #compression_fracture__compressionfracture  fracture in which the bone collapses (especially in short bones such as vertebrae)
                                   subtype:  #depressed_fracture__depressedfracture  fracture of the skull where the bone is pushed in
                                   subtype:  #displaced_fracture__displacedfracture  fracture in which the two ends of the broken bone are separated from one another
                                   subtype:  #fatigue_fracture__fatiguefracture__stress_fracture  fracture resulting from excessive activity rather than a specific injury
                                   subtype:  #incomplete_fracture  fracture that does not go across the entire width of the bone
                                      subtype:  #greenstick_fracture  a partial fracture of a bone (usually in children); the bone is bent but broken on only one side
                                   subtype:  #impacted_fracture  fracture in which one broken end is wedged into the other broken end
                                   subtype:  #simple_fracture__closed_fracture  an uncomplicated fracture in which the broken bones to not pierce the skin
                                subtype:  #frostbite__cryopathy  destruction of tissue by freezing and characterized by tingling, blistering and possibly gangrene
                                   subtype:  #trenchfoot__immersion_foot__immersionfoot  resembling frostbite but without freezing; resulting from exposure to cold and wet
                                subtype:  #intravasation  entry of foreign matter into a blood vessel
                                subtype:  #pinch  an injury resulting from getting some body part squeezed
                                subtype:  #rupture.harm  state of being torn or burst open
                                   subtype:  #hernia__herniation  rupture in smooth muscle tissue through which a bodily structure protrudes
                                      subtype:  #colpocele__vaginocele  hernia projecting into the vagina
                                         subtype:  #cystocele__colpocystocele  hernia in which the urinary bladder protrudes through the wall of the vagina; sometimes occurs after childbirth
                                         subtype:  #rectocele__proctocele  protrusion or herniation of the rectum into the vagina; can occur if pelvic muscles are weakened by childbirth
                                      subtype:  #diverticulum  a herniation through the muscular wall of a tubular organ (especially the colon)
                                         subtype:  #Meckel's_diverticulum  a congenital diverticulum in the ileum resulting from incomplete closure of the yolk sac
                                      subtype:  #eventration  protrusion of the intestine through the abdominal wall
                                      subtype:  #exomphalos  an umbilical hernia at birth in which some abdominal organs push into the umbilical cord
                                      subtype:  #hiatus_hernia__hiatal_hernia__diaphragmatic_hernia__diaphragmatichernia  hernia resulting from the protrusion of part of the stomach through the diaphragm
                                      subtype:  #inguinal_hernia  hernia in which a loop of intestine enters the inguinal canal; the most common type of hernia in males
                                      subtype:  #keratocele  hernia of the cornea
                                      subtype:  #laparocele  hernia through the abdomen
                                      subtype:  #umbilical_hernia__umbilicalhernia__omphalocele  protrusion of the intestine and omentum through a hernia in the abdominal wall near the navel; usually self correcting after birth
                                   subtype:  #herniated_disc__herniateddisc__ruptured_intervertebral_disc__slipped_disc__slippeddisc  a painful rupture of the fibrocartilage of the disc between spinal vertebrae; occurs most often in the lumbar region
                                subtype:  #insect_bite__sting__bite  a painful wound caused by the thrust of a stinger into skin
                                   subtype:  #bee_sting__beesting  a sting inflicted by a bee
                                   subtype:  #flea_bite.insect_bite__fleabite  sting inflicted by a flea
                                   subtype:  #mosquito_bite  a sting inflicted by a mosquito
                                subtype:  #strain.harm  injury to a muscle (often caused by overuse); results in swelling and pain
                                subtype:  #whiplash_injury__whiplash  an injury to the neck (the cervical vertebrae) resulting from rapid acceleration or deceleration (as in an automobile accident)
                                subtype:  #wale__welt__weal__wheal  a raised mark on the skin (as produced by the blow of a whip); characteristic of many allergic reactions
                                subtype:  #wound__lesion  any break in the skin or an organ caused by violence or surgical incision
                                   subtype:  #raw_wound__rawwound  a wound that exposes subcutaneous tissue
                                   subtype:  #stigmata  marks resembling the wounds on the crucified body of Christ
                                   subtype:  #scratch__abrasion__scrape__excoriation  an abraded area where the skin is torn or worn off
                                      subtype:  #graze  a superficial abrasion
                                      subtype:  #rope_burn  abrasion (usually on the hands) caused by friction from a rope
                                   subtype:  #cut.wound__gash__slash__slice  a wound made by cutting; "he put a bandage over the cut"
                                   subtype:  #laceration.wound  a torn ragged wound
                                   subtype:  #bite  a wound resulting from biting
                                      subtype:  #dog_bite__dogbite  a bite inflicted by a dog
                                      subtype:  #snakebite  a bite inflicted by a (venomous) snake
                                subtype:  #wrench__twist__pull  a sharp strain on muscles or ligaments; "the wrench to his knee occurred as he fell"; "he was sidelined with a hamstring pull"
                                   subtype:  #sprain  a painful injury to a joint caused by a sudden wrenching of its ligaments
                             subtype:  #poor_shape__unfitness__unfitnes__badcondition  poor physical condition; being out of shape or out of condition
                                subtype:  #infirmity__frailty__debility__feebleness__frailness__frailnes  the state of being weak in health or body (especially from old age)
                                   subtype:  #asthenia__astheny  an abnormal loss of strength
                                   subtype:  #cachexia__cachexy__wasting  any general reduction in vitality and strength of body and mind resulting from a debilitating chronic disease
                                subtype:  #disability__disablement__handicap__impairment  the condition of being unable to perform as a consequence of physical or mental unfitness; "reading disability"; "hearing impairment"
                                   subtype:  #bowleg__genu_varum__tibia_vara__tibiavara  a leg bowed outward at the knee (or below the knee)
                                   subtype:  #anorgasmia  absence of an orgasm in sexual relations
                                   subtype:  #disability_of_walking  a disability that interferes with or prevents walking
                                      subtype:  #abasia  inability to walk
                                         subtype:  #abasia_trepidans  abasia due to trembling of the legs
                                         subtype:  #atactic_abasia__atacticabasia__ataxic_abasia  abasia due to ataxia of the legs
                                         subtype:  #choreic_abasia__choreicabasia  abasia related to abnormal movements of the legs
                                         subtype:  #paralytic_abasia__paralyticabasia  abasia related to paralysis of the leg muscles
                                         subtype:  #paroxysmal_trepidant_abasia  abasia related to spasticity of the legs
                                         subtype:  #spastic_abasia__spasticabasia  abasia due to spastic contractions of the leg muscles
                                      subtype:  #lameness__limping__gimp__gimpiness__gimpines__gamenes__claudication  disability of walking due to crippling of the legs or feet
                                         subtype:  #intermittent_claudication  lameness due to pain in leg muscles because the blood supply is inadequate; pain subsides with rest
                                   subtype:  #astasia  inability to stand due to muscular incoordination
                                   subtype:  #amputation.disability  a condition of disability resulting from the loss of one or more limbs
                                   subtype:  #hearing_impairment__hearingimpairment__hearing_loss  impairment of the sense of hearing
                                      subtype:  #deafness  partial or complete loss of hearing
                                         subtype:  #tone_deafness  an inability to distinguish differences in pitch
                                         subtype:  #deaf-mutism__deaf-muteness  congenital deafness that results in inability to speak
                                      subtype:  #conductive_hearing_loss__conduction_deafness__middle-ear_deafness  hearing loss due to problems with the bones of the middle ear
                                      subtype:  #sensorineural_hearing_loss__nerve_deafness  hearing loss due to failure of the auditory nerve
                                   subtype:  #dysomia  impairment of the sense of smell
                                      subtype:  #anosmia  absence of the sense of smell (as by damage to olfactory nasal tissue or the olfactory nerve or by obstruction of the nasal passages)
                                      subtype:  #hyposmia  lessened sensitivity to odors
                                   subtype:  #visual_impairment__visual_defect__vision_defect__visual_disorder  impairment of the sense of sight
                                      subtype:  #amaurosis__amaurosi  partial or total loss of sight without pathology of the eye; caused by disease of optic nerve or retina or brain
                                      subtype:  #amblyopia  visual impairment without apparent organic pathology
                                      subtype:  #ametropia  (ophthalmology) faulty refraction of light rays in the eye as in astigmatism or myopia
                                         subtype:  #myopia__nearsightedness__nearsightednes__shortsightednes  (ophthalmology) eyesight abnormality resulting from the eye's faulty refractive ability; distant objects appear blurred
                                         subtype:  #astigmia__astigmatism  (ophthalmology) impaired eyesight resulting usually from irregular conformation of the cornea
                                            subtype:  #keratectasia  abnormal bulging of the cornea of the eye
                                            subtype:  #keratoconus__keratoconu  abnormal cone-shaped protrusion of the cornea of the eye; can be treated by epikeratophakia
                                         subtype:  #hyperopia__hypermetropia__hypermetropy__farsightedness__longsightedness  abnormal condition in which vision for distant objects is better than for near objects
                                            subtype:  #presbyopia  farsightedness resulting from a reduced ability to focus caused by loss of elasticity of the crystalline lens with age
                                      subtype:  #aniseikonia  visual defect in which the shape and size of an ocular image differ in the two eyes
                                      subtype:  #anorthopia  distorted vision in which straight lines appear curved
                                      subtype:  #aphakia  absence of the natural lens of the eye (usually resulting from the removal of cataracts)
                                      subtype:  #blindness__blindnes__sightlessnes  lack of sight
                                         subtype:  #anopia  sightlessness (especially because of a structural defect in or the absence of an eye)
                                         subtype:  #snowblindness__snowblindnes  temporary blindness caused by exposure to sunlight reflected from snow or ice
                                         subtype:  #eyelessness__eyelessnes  blindness due to loss of the eyes
                                         subtype:  #figural_blindness__figuralblindnes  inability to see shapes and contours
                                      subtype:  #color_blindness__colorblindnes__colour_blindness__color_vision_deficiency__colour_vision_deficiency  genetic inability to distinguish differences in hue
                                         subtype:  #dichromacy__dichromatism__dichromatopsia__dichromia__dichromasy  a deficiency of color vision in which the person can match any given hue by mixing only two other wavelengths of light (as opposed to the three wavelengths needed by people with normal color vision)
                                            subtype:  #red-green_dichromacy__redgreendichromacy__red-gree_color_blindness  confusion of red and green
                                               subtype:  #deuteranopia__Daltonism__green-blindness__greenblindnes  dichromacy characterized by a lowered sensitivity to green light resulting in an inability to distinguish green and purplish-red
                                               subtype:  #protanopia__red-blindness__redblindnes  dichromacy characterized by lowered sensitivity to long wavelengths of light resulting in an inability to distinguish red and purplish blue
                                            subtype:  #yellow-blue_dichromacy__yellow-blue_color_blindness  confusion of yellow and blue
                                               subtype:  #tetartanopia__yellow-blindness  a form of dichromacy characterized by lowered sensitivity to yellow light; so rare that its existence has been questioned
                                               subtype:  #tritanopia__blue-blindness  rare form of dichromacy characterized by a lowered sensitivity to blue light resulting in an inability to distinguish blue and yellow
                                         subtype:  #monochromacy__monochromatism__monochromatic_vision__monochromaticvision__monochromia__monochromasy  complete color blindness; colors can be differentiated only on the basis of brightness
                                      subtype:  #diplopia__double_vision  visual impairment in which an object is seen as two objects; "diplopia often disappears when one eye is covered"
                                      subtype:  #hemeralopia__day_blindness__dayblindnes  inability to see clearly in bright light
                                      subtype:  #hemianopia__hemianopsia  blindness in one half of the visual field of one or both eyes
                                      subtype:  #quadrantanopia  blindness in one fourth of the visual field
                                      subtype:  #metamorphopsia  a defect of vision in which objects appear to be distorted; usually due to a defect in the retina
                                      subtype:  #nyctalopia__night_blindness__nightblindnes__moon_blindness  inability to see clearly in dim light; due to a deficiency of vitamin A or to a retinal disorder
                                      subtype:  #photoretinitis  damage to the retina resulting from exposure of the eye to the sun without adequate protection
                                      subtype:  #retinal_detachment__retinaldetachment__detachment_of_the_retina__detached_retina  visual impairment resulting from the retina becoming separated from the choroid in the back of the eye; treated by photocoagulation
                                      subtype:  #tunnel_vision  visual impairment involving a loss of peripheral vision
                                      subtype:  #xanthopsia  visual defect in which objects appear to have a yellowish hue; sometimes occurs in cases of jaundice
                                   subtype:  #prolapse__prolapsus__prolapsu__descensus__descensu  the slipping or falling out of place of an organ (as the uterus)
                                      subtype:  #enteroptosis  an abnormally downward position of the intestines in the abdominal cavity
                                      subtype:  #glossoptosis  abnormal downward or back placement of the tongue
                                      subtype:  #metroptosis__metroptosi__descensus_uteri__descensusuteri  prolapse of the uterus
                                      subtype:  #nephroptosis__nephroptosia  prolapse of the kidney
                                      subtype:  #ptosis  drooping of the upper eyelid caused by muscle paralysis and weakness
                                      subtype:  #ureterocele  prolapse of the end of the ureter into the bladder; may obstruct urine flow
                                      subtype:  #urethrocele  prolapse of the urethra into the vagina
                                   subtype:  #hypoesthesia__hypesthesia  impairment of tactile sensitivity; decrease of sensitivity
                                   subtype:  #knock-knee__knockknee__genu_valgum__tibia_valga__tibiavalga  by inward slant of the thigh
                                   subtype:  #pigeon_toes  disability in which the toes are turned inward; often associated with knock-knee
                                   subtype:  #bow_leg__bowleg__bow_legs__bandy_legs  outward curvature of the legs
                          subtype:  #cellularity  the state of having cells
                             subtype:  #hypercellularity  the state of having abnormally many cells
                             subtype:  #hypocellularity  the state of having abnormally few cells
                          subtype:  #dependence__addiction__dependency  being abnormally dependent on something that is psychologically or physically habit-forming (especially alcohol or narcotic drugs)
                             subtype:  #drug_addiction__white_plague__whiteplague  an addiction to a drug (especially a narcotic drug)
                                subtype:  #alcoholism__alcohol_addiction__alcoholaddiction__drunkenness__drunkennes  prolonged and excessive intake of alcoholic drinks leading to a breakdown in health and an addiction to alcohol such that abrupt deprivation leads to severe withdrawal symptoms
                                subtype:  #cocaine_addiction__cocaineaddiction  an addiction to cocaine
                                subtype:  #heroin_addiction  an addiction to heroin
                                subtype:  #caffein_addiction__caffeinaddiction  an addiction to caffein
                                subtype:  #nicotine_addiction  an addiction to nicotine
                          subtype:  #suspended_animation__suspendedanimation  a temporary cessation of vital functions with loss of consciousness resembling death; usually resulting from asphyxia
                             subtype:  #anabiosis__anabiosi  suspended animation in organisms during periods of extreme drought from which they revive when moisture returns
                          subtype:  #cryptobiosis  a state in which an animal's metabolic activities come to a reversible standstill
                          subtype:  #dilatation__distension  the state of being stretched beyond normal dimensions
                             subtype:  #ectasia__ectasi  dilatation or distension of a hollow organ
                                subtype:  #lymphangiectasia__lymphangiectasis  dilatation of a lymph vessel
                                subtype:  #alveolar_ectasia  abnormal enlargement of the air sacs in the lungs
                             subtype:  #varicocele  dilatation of the veins associated with the spermatic cord in the testes
                          subtype:  #emmetropia  (ophthalmology) the normal refractive condition of the eye in which there is clear focus of light on the retina
                          subtype:  #sedation  a state of reduced excitement or anxiety that is induced by the administrative of a sedative agent
                          subtype:  #hyperpigmentation  unusual darkening of the skin
                             subtype:  #suntan__tan__sunburn__burn  a browning of the skin resulting from exposure to the rays of the sun
                          subtype:  #hypopigmentation  unusual lack of skin color
                             subtype:  #albinism  the congenital absence of pigmentation in the eyes and skin and hair
                          subtype:  #amyxia  a condition in which no mucus in produced
                          subtype:  #cold_sweat  concurrent perspiration and chill; associated with fear
                          subtype:  #obstruction.physiological_state  the state or condition of being obstructed
                             subtype:  #intestinal_obstruction__ileus__ileu  blockage of the intestine (especially the ileum) that prevents the contents of the intestine from passing to the lower bowel
                             subtype:  #tamponade__tamponage  blockage or closure (as of a wound or body cavity) by (or as if by) a tampon (especially to stop bleeding)
                                subtype:  #cardiac_tamponade__cardiactamponade  mechanical compression of the heart resulting from large amounts of fluid collecting in the pericardial space and limiting the heart's normal range of motion
                          subtype:  #toxic_condition__toxiccondition__poisoning  the physiological state produced by a poison or a toxic substance
                             subtype:  #alkali_poisoning  poisoning resulting from the ingestion of an alkali compound (as lye or ammonia)
                             subtype:  #caffeinism__caffiene_intoxication  poisoning resulting from excessive intake of caffeine containing products
                             subtype:  #carbon_monoxide_poisoning  a toxic condition that results from inhaling and absorbing carbon monoxide gas; "carbon monoxide combines with hemoglobin and displaces oxygen in the blood"
                             subtype:  #cyanide_poisoning__cyanidepoisoning  poisoning due to ingesting or inhaling cyanide; common in smoke from fires and in industrial chemicals
                             subtype:  #ergotism  poisoning by ingestion of ergot-infected grain products; characterized by thirst and diarrhea and nausea and craming and vomiting and abnormal cardiac rhythms; in severe cases it can cause seizures and gangrene of the limbs
                             subtype:  #mercury_poisoning__mercurypoisoning  a toxic condition caused by ingesting or inhaling mercury; acute mercury poisoning causes a metallic taste and vomiting and diarrhea and kidney problems that may lead to death
                                subtype:  #Minamata_disease  a form of mercury poisoning among people who ate fish from mercury-contaminated waters of Minamata Bay off Japan in the 1950s; characterized by severe neurological degeneration
                             subtype:  #naphthalene_poisoning__naphthalenepoisoning  toxic condition resulting from inhaling or ingesting naphthalene
                             subtype:  #nicotine_poisoning  toxic condition caused by the ingestion or inhalation of large amounts of nicotine
                             subtype:  #ophidism  poisoning by snake venom
                             subtype:  #paraquat_poisoning  poisoning caused by ingestion of paraquat; characterized by progressive damage to the esophagus and liver and kidneys
                             subtype:  #pesticide_poisoning__pesticidepoisoning  toxic condition resulting from ingesting or inhaling a pesticide
                                subtype:  #malathion_poisoning  a toxic condition caused by inhaling or ingesting the insecticide Malathion
                                subtype:  #parathion_poisoning__parathionpoisoning  a toxic condition resulting from inhalation or ingestion of the insecticide parathion; characterized by nausea and abdominal pains and headache and convulsions and sweating
                             subtype:  #salicylate_poisoning  poisoning caused by the excessive ingestion of salicylates (usually aspirin)
                          subtype:  #analgesia  absence of the sense of pain without loss of consciousness
                          subtype:  #oligospermia  insufficient spermatozoa in the semen
                       subtype:  #disorder.state__upset  condition in which there is a disturbance of normal functioning; "the doctor prescribed some medicine for the disorder"; "everyone gets stomach upsets from time to time"
                          subtype:  #immunological_disorder__immunologicaldisorder  a disorder of the immune system
                             subtype:  #immunodeficiency  immunological disorder in which some part of the body's immune system is inadequate and resistance to infectious diseases is reduced
                                subtype:  #AIDS__acquired_immune_deficiency_syndrome  a serious (often fatal) disease of the immune system transmitted through blood products especially by sexual contact or contaminated needles
                                subtype:  #agammaglobulinemia  a rare immunological disorder characterized by the virtual absence of gamma globulin in the blood and consequent susceptibility to infection
                                subtype:  #hypogammaglobulinemia  an abnormally low concentration of gamma globulin in the blood and increased risk of infection
                             subtype:  #immunosuppression  lowering the body's normal immune response to invasion by foreign substances; can be deliberate (as in lowering the immune response to prevent rejection of a transplanted organ) or incidental (as a side effect of radiotherapy or chemotherapy for cancer)
                             subtype:  #anergy.immunological_disorder  reduction or lack of an immune response to a specific antigen
                          subtype:  #functional_disorder  disorder showing symptoms for which no physiological or anatomical cause can be identified
                          subtype:  #organic_disorder__organicdisorder  disorder caused by a detectable physiological or structural change in an organ
                          subtype:  #abocclusion  the condition in which the upper teeth do not touch the lower teeth when biting
                          subtype:  #abruptio_placentae  a disorder of pregnancy in which the placenta prematurely separates from the wall of the uterus
                          subtype:  #achlorhydria  an abnormal deficiency or absence of free hydrochloric acid in the gastric juice; often associated with severe anemias and cancer of the stomach
                          subtype:  #acholia__cholestasis__cholestasi  a condition in which little or no bile is secreted or the flow of bile into the digestive tract is obstructed
                          subtype:  #achylia_gastrica__achyliagastrica__achylia  absence of gastric juices (partial or complete)
                          subtype:  #acute_brain_disorder__acutebraindisorder__acute_organic_brain_syndrome__acuteorganicbrainsyndrome  any disorder (as sudden confusion or disorientation) in an otherwise normal person that is due to reversible (temporary) impairment of brain tissues (as by head injuries or drugs or infection)
                          subtype:  #ailment__complaint__ill  an often persistent bodily disorder or disease; a cause for complaining
                             subtype:  #pip  a minor nonspecific ailment
                             subtype:  #motion_sickness__kinetosis__kinetosi  the state of being dizzy or nauseated because of the motions that occur while traveling in or on a moving vehicle
                                subtype:  #airsickness__airsicknes__airsicknes  motion sickness experienced while traveling by air (especially during turbulence)
                                subtype:  #car_sickness  motion sickness experienced while traveling in an car
                                subtype:  #seasickness__seasicknes__maldemer__naupathia  motion sickness experienced while traveling on water
                          subtype:  #eating_disorder  a disorder of the normal eating routine
                             subtype:  #anorexia  a prolonged disorder of eating due to loss of appetite
                                subtype:  #anorexia_nervosa  (psychiatry) a psychological disorder characterized by somatic delusions that you are too fat despite being emaciated
                             subtype:  #bulimarexia__bingepurgesyndrome__binge-vomit_syndrome__bingevomitsyndrome__bulima_nervosa  a disorder of eating in which the person alternates between strong craving for food and aversion to food; characterized by excessive eating followed by periods of fasting or self-induced vomiting
                             subtype:  #binge-eating_syndrome__bulimia  a disorder of eating seen among young women who go on eating binges and then feel guilt and depression and self-condemnation
                          subtype:  #bladder_disorder__bladderdisorder  a disorder of the urinary bladder
                             subtype:  #flaccid_bladder__flaccidbladder  a urinary bladder disorder resulting from interruption of the reflex arc normally associated with voiding urine; absence of bladder sensation and over-filling of the bladder and inability to urinate voluntarily
                             subtype:  #neurogenic_bladder  a urinary bladder disorder caused by a lesion in the nervous system
                             subtype:  #spastic_bladder__spasticbladder  a urinary bladder disorder resulting from spinal cord lesion or multiple sclerosis or trauma; absence of bladder sensation and incontinence and interrupted voiding of urine
                          subtype:  #cardiovascular_disease  a disease of the heart or blood vessels
                             subtype:  #heart_disease__heartdisease__heart_condition__heartcondition__cardiopathy  a disease of the heart
                                subtype:  #angina_pectoris__angina  a heart condition marked by paroxysms of chest pain due to reduced oxygen to the heart
                                subtype:  #cardiac_arrhythmia__cardiacarrhythmia__arrhythmia  an abnormal rate of muscle contractions in the heart
                                   subtype:  #flutter  abnormally rapid beating of the auricles of the heart (especially in a regular rhythm); can result in heart block
                                   subtype:  #gallop_rhythm__cantering_rhythm__canteringrhythm  cardiac rhythm characterized by the presence of an extra sound; can indicate a heart abnormality
                                   subtype:  #atrial_fibrillation  fibrillation of the muscles of the atria of the heart
                                   subtype:  #bradycardia  abnormally slow heartbeat
                                   subtype:  #heart_block__heartblock__Adams-Stokes_syndrome__Stokes-Adams_syndrome__atrioventricular_block  recurrent sudden attacks of unconsciousness caused by impaired conduction of the impulse that regulates the heartbeat
                                   subtype:  #premature_ventricular_contraction__prematureventricularcontraction__PVC  irregularity of cardiac rhythm; recurrent occurrences can be a precursor of ventricular fibrillation
                                   subtype:  #tachycardia  abnormally rapid heartbeat (over 100 beats per minute)
                                   subtype:  #ventricular_fibrillation__ventricularfibrillation  fibrillation of heart muscles resulting in interference with rhythmic contractions of the ventricles and possibly leading to cardiac arrest
                                subtype:  #cardiomyopathy__myocardiopathy  a disorder (usually of unknown origin) of the heart muscle (myocardium)
                                   subtype:  #hypertrophic_cardiomyopathy  a disorder in which the heart muscle is so strong that it does not relax enough to fill with the heart with blood and so has reduced pumping ability
                                subtype:  #heart_failure__heartfailure__coronary_failure  inability of the heart to pump enough blood to sustain normal bodily functions
                                   subtype:  #congestive_heart_failure  inability to pump enough blood to avoid congestion in the tissues
                                   subtype:  #heart_attack__heartattack  a sudden severe instance of abnormal heart function
                                subtype:  #valvular_heart_disease  heart disease caused by stenosis of the cardiac valves and obstructed blood flow or caused by degeneration and blood regurgitation
                                   subtype:  #aortic_stenosis  abnormal narrowing of the aortic valve
                                   subtype:  #mitral_valve_prolapse  cardiopathy resulting from the mitral valve not regulating the flow of blood between the left atrium and left ventricle of the heart
                                   subtype:  #mitral_stenosis__mitral_valve_stenosis  obstruction or narrowing of the mitral valve (as by scarring from rheumatic fever)
                                subtype:  #rheumatic_heart_disease__rheumaticheartdisease  heart disease caused by recurrent episodes of rheumatic fever; characterized by changes in the myocardium or scarring of the heart valves that reduce the power of the heart to pump blood
                             subtype:  #high_blood_pressure__hypertension  a common disorder in which blood pressure remains abnormally high (a reading of 140/90 mm Hg or greater)
                                subtype:  #essential_hypertension__essentialhypertension__hyperpiesia__hyperpiesis__hyperpiesi  persistent and pathological high blood pressure for which no specific cause can be found
                                subtype:  #malignant_hypertension__malignanthypertension  severe hypertension that runs a rapid course and damages the inner linings of the blood vessels and the heart and spleen and kidneys and brain; "malignant hypertension is the most lethal form of hypertension"
                                   subtype:  #portal_hypertension  increase in blood pressure in the veins of the portal system caused by obstruction in the liver (often associated with alcoholic cirrhosis), causing enlargement of the spleen and collateral veins
                                subtype:  #secondary_hypertension__secondaryhypertension  hypertension that is secondary to another disease
                                subtype:  #white-coat_hypertension  temporary rise in blood pressure in the doctor's office
                             subtype:  #hypotension  abnormally low blood pressure
                                subtype:  #orthostatic_hypotension__postural_hypotension  low blood pressure occurring in some people when they stand up
                             subtype:  #aneurysm  a sac-like widening of an artery
                                subtype:  #aortic_aneurysm  an aneurysm of the aorta
                                subtype:  #cerebral_aneurysm  an aneurysm of the carotid artery
                                subtype:  #intracranial_aneurysm  an aneurysm of a cranial artery
                                subtype:  #ventricular_aneurysm__ventricularaneurysm  a localized dilation or protrusion on the wall of the left ventricle of the heart (occurring after a myocardial infarction)
                             subtype:  #circulatory_failure__circulatoryfailure  failure of the cardiovascular system to supply adequate amounts of blood to body tissues
                          subtype:  #celiac_disease  a disorder in children and adults; inability to tolerate wheat protein (gluten); symptoms include foul-smelling diarrhea and emaciation; often accompanied by lactose intolerance
                          subtype:  #cheilosis__cheilosi__perleche  a disorder of the lips marked by scaling and fissures at the corners of the mouth; caused by a deficiency of riboflavin
                          subtype:  #choking  a condition caused by blocking the airways to the lungs (as with food or swelling of the larynx)
                          subtype:  #colpoxerosis  a condition in which the vagina is unusually dry
                          subtype:  #degenerative_disorder  condition leading to progressive loss of function
                             subtype:  #demyelination  loss of the myelin covering of some nerve fibers resulting in their impaired function
                             subtype:  #dystrophy  any degenerative disorder resulting from inadequate or faulty nutrition
                                subtype:  #osteodystrophy  defective bone development; usually attributable to renal disease or to disturbances in calcium and phosphorus metabolism
                             subtype:  #disseminated_multiple_sclerosis__multiple_sclerosis__MS__disseminated_sclerosis  a chronic progressive nervous disorder involving loss of myelin sheath around certain nerve fibers
                             subtype:  #paralysis_agitans__paralysisagitan__Parkinsonism__Parkinson's_disease__Parkinson's_syndrome__Parkinson's__shaking_palsy__shakingpalsy  a degenerative disorder of the central nervous system characterized by tremor and impaired muscular coordination
                             subtype:  #chorea  any of several degenerative nervous disorders characterized by spasmodic movements of the body and limbs
                                subtype:  #orthochorea  a form of chorea in which spasms occur mainly when the patient is erect
                                subtype:  #Sydenham's_chorea__Saint_Vitus_dance__St._Vitus_dance  chorea occurring chiefly in children and associated with rheumatic fever
                                subtype:  #tarantism  a nervous disorder characterized by an uncontrollable impulse to dance; popularly attributed to bite of the S European tarantula or wolf spider
                                subtype:  #Huntington's_chorea__Huntington's_disease  hereditary; develops in adulthood and ends in dementia
                          subtype:  #dysaphia  a disorder in the sense of touch
                          subtype:  #dysosmia__parosamia__ofactory_impairment  a disorder in the sense of smell
                          subtype:  #dyspahgia  condition in which swallowing is difficult or painful
                          subtype:  #dysuria  painful or difficult urination
                          subtype:  #failure.disorder  loss of ability to function normally
                             subtype:  #heart_failure__heartfailure__coronary_failure  inability of the heart to pump enough blood to sustain normal bodily functions
                             subtype:  #renal_failure__renalfailure__kidney_failure  inability of the kidneys to excrete wastes and to help maintain the electrolyte balance
                          subtype:  #fantods  an ill-defined state of irritability and distress
                          subtype:  #glandular_disease__gland_disease__glanddisease__glandular_disorder__glandulardisorder__adenosis  a disorder of the glands of the body
                             subtype:  #hyperparathyroidism  excessive secretion of parathyroid hormone resulting in abnormally high levels of calcium in the blood; can affect many systems of the body (especially causing bone resorption and osteoporosis)
                             subtype:  #hypoparathyroidism  inadequate secretion of parathyroid hormone resulting in abnormally low levels of calcium in the blood
                             subtype:  #hyperpituitarism  excessive activity of the pituitary gland (especially overactivity of the anterior lobe which leads to excess secretion of growth hormone)
                             subtype:  #Addison's_disease__Addison's_syndrome__hypoadrenalism__hypoadrenocorticism  a glandular disorder caused by failure of function of the cortex of the adrenal gland and marked by anemia and prostration with brownish skin
                             subtype:  #adenopathy  a glandular disease or enlargement of glandular tissue (especially of the lymph glands)
                             subtype:  #aldosteronism__hyperaldosteronism  a condition caused by over-production of aldosterone
                             subtype:  #Cushing's_disease__hyperadrenalism  a glandular disorder caused by excessive ACTH resulting in greater than normal functioning of the adrenal gland; characterized by obesity
                             subtype:  #Cushing's_syndrome__hyperadrenocorticism  a glandular disorder caused by excessive cortisol
                             subtype:  #diabetes  any of several metabolic disorders marked by excessive urination and persistent thirst
                                subtype:  #diabetes_mellitus__DM  diabetes caused by a relative or absolute deficiency of insulin and characterized by polyuria; "when doctors say `diabetes' they usually mean `diabetes mellitus'"
                                   subtype:  #Type_I_diabetes__insulin-dependent_diabetes_mellitus__IDDM__juvenile-onset_diabetes__juvenile_diabetes__growth-onset_diabetes__ketosis-prone_diabetes__ketoacidosis-prone_diabetes__autoimmune_diabetes  severe diabetes mellitus with an early onset; characterized by polyuria and excessive thirst and increased appetite and weight loss and episodic ketoacidosis; diet and insulin injections are required to control the disease
                                   subtype:  #Type_II_diabetes__non-insulin-dependent_diabetes_mellitus__NIDDM__non-insulin-dependent_diabetes__ketosis-resistant_diabetes_mellitus__ketosis-resistant_diabetes__ketoacidosis-resistant_diabetes_mellitus__ketoacidosis-resistant_diabetes__adult-onset_diabetes_mellitus__adult-onset_diabetes__maturity-onset_diabetes_mellitus__maturity-onset_diabetes  mild form of diabetes mellitus that develops gradually in adults; can be precipitated by obesity or severe stress or menopause or other factors; can usually be controlled by diet and hypoglycemic agents without injections of insulin
                                   subtype:  #latent_diabetes__chemical_diabetes  a mild form of diabetes mellitus in which there are no overt symptoms but there are abnormal responses to some diagnostic procedures
                                subtype:  #diabetes_insipidus  a rare form of diabetes resulting from a deficiency of vasopressin (the pituitary hormone that regulates the kidneys); characterized by the chronic excretion of large amounts of pale dilute urine which results in dehydration and extreme thirst
                                   subtype:  #nephrogenic_diabetes_insipidus  diabetes insipidus caused by a failure of the kidney to respond to normal levels of vasopressin
                             subtype:  #hyperthyroidism__thyrotoxicosis  an overactive thyroid gland; pathologically excessive production of thyroid hormones or the condition resulting from excessive production of thyroid hormones
                                subtype:  #Graves'_disease__exophthalmic_goiter  exophthalmos occurring in association with goiter; hyperthyroidism with protrusion of the eyeballs
                             subtype:  #hypothyroidism  an underactive thyroid gland; a glandular disorder resulting from insufficient production of thyroid hormones
                                subtype:  #myxedema__myxoedema  hypothyroidism marked by dry skin and swellings around lips and nose as well as mental deterioration
                                subtype:  #cretinism  severe hypothyroidism resulting in physical and mental stunting
                          subtype:  #hyperactivity  a condition characterized by excessive restlessness and movement
                          subtype:  #impacted_tooth__impaction  a disorder in which a tooth is so crowded in its socket that it cannot erupt normally
                          subtype:  #impaction  a disorder in which feces are impacted in the lower colon
                          subtype:  #learning_disorder__learning_disability  a disorder found in children of normal intelligence who have difficulties in learning specific skills
                             subtype:  #dyscalculia  impaired ability to learn grade-appropriate mathematics
                             subtype:  #dysgraphia  impaired ability to learn to write
                             subtype:  #dyslexia  impaired ability to learn to read
                          subtype:  #malocclusion  (dentistry) a condition in which the opposing teeth do not mesh normally
                             subtype:  #overbite  (dentistry) malocclusion in which the upper teeth extend abnormally far over the lower teeth
                          subtype:  #mental_disorder__mental_disturbance__disturbance__psychological_disorder__psychologicaldisorder__folie  (psychiatry) a psychological disorder of thought or emotion; a more neutral term than mental illness
                             subtype:  #anxiety_disorder__anxietydisorder  a cover term for a variety of mental disorders in which severe anxiety is a salient symptom
                                subtype:  #generalized_anxiety_disorder__generalizedanxietydisorder__GAD__anxiety_reaction__anxietyreaction  an anxiety disorder characterized by chronic free-floating anxiety and such symptoms as tension or sweating or trembling of light-headedness or irritability etc that has lasted for more than six months
                                subtype:  #panic_disorder__panicdisorder  an anxiety disorder characterized by unpredictable panic attacks; the attacks are usually severe but brief
                                subtype:  #phobia__phobic_disorder__phobicdisorder__phobic_neurosis__phobicneurosi  an anxiety disorder characterized by extreme and irrational fear of simple things or social situations; "phobic disorder is a general term for all phobias"
                                   subtype:  #agoraphobia  a morbid fear of open spaces (as fear of being caught alone in some public place)
                                   subtype:  #simple_phobia  any phobia (other than agoraphobia) associated with relatively simple well-defined stimuli
                                      subtype:  #acrophobia  a morbid fear of great heights
                                      subtype:  #algophobia  a morbid fear of pain
                                      subtype:  #aquaphobia  a morbid fear of drowning
                                      subtype:  #astraphobia  a morbid fear of thunder and lightning
                                      subtype:  #claustrophobia  a morbid fear of being closed in a confined space
                                      subtype:  #cryophobia  a morbid fear of freezing
                                      subtype:  #hydrophobia  a fear of drinking liquids because swallowing is so painful (as with persons having rabies)
                                      subtype:  #hypnophobia  a morbid fear of falling asleep
                                      subtype:  #mysophobia  a morbid fear of dirt or contamination
                                      subtype:  #neophobia  a morbid fear of novelty
                                      subtype:  #nyctophobia  a morbid fear of night or darkness
                                      subtype:  #phobophobia  a morbid fear of developing a phobia
                                      subtype:  #photophobia  a morbid fear of light
                                      subtype:  #pyrophobia  a morbid fear of fire
                                      subtype:  #taphephobia  a morbid fear of being buried alive
                                      subtype:  #thanatophobia  a morbid fear of death
                                      subtype:  #triskaidekaphobia  a morbid fear of the number 13
                                      subtype:  #zoophobia  a morbid fear of animals
                                         subtype:  #acarophobia  a morbid fear of small insects and mites and worms
                                         subtype:  #ailurophobia  a morbid fear of cats
                                         subtype:  #cynophobia  a morbid fear of dogs
                                         subtype:  #entomophobia  a morbid fear of insects
                                         subtype:  #lepidophobia  a morbid fear of snakes
                                         subtype:  #musophobia  a morbid fear of mice
                                   subtype:  #social_phobia  any phobia (other than agoraphobia) associated with situations in which you are subject to criticism by others (as fear of eating in public or public speaking etc)
                                      subtype:  #androphobia  a morbid fear of men
                                      subtype:  #gynophobia  a morbid fear of women
                                      subtype:  #satanophobia  an abnormal fear of Satan
                                      subtype:  #school_phobia  a child's sudden fear of attending school
                                      subtype:  #traumatophobia  a morbid fear of battle or physical injury
                                      subtype:  #xenophobia  an irrational fear of foreigners or strangers
                                subtype:  #posttraumatic_stress_disorder__PTSD  an anxiety disorder associated with serious traumatic events and characterized by such symptoms as guilt about surviving or reliving the trauma in dreams or numbness and lack of involvement with reality or recurrent thoughts and images
                                   subtype:  #battle_fatigue__combat_fatigue__combat_neurosis__shell_shock__shellshock  a mental disorder caused by stress of active warfare
                             subtype:  #psychosomatic_disorder__psychosomaticdisorder  a mental disorder that causes somatic symptoms
                             subtype:  #aberration  a disorder in one's mental state
                             subtype:  #conversion_disorder__conversion_reaction__conversion_hysteria  a mental disorder characterized by the conversion of mental conflict into somatic forms (into paralysis or anesthesia having no apparent cause)
                                subtype:  #glove_anesthesia__gloveanesthesia  a mental disorder involving loss of sensitivity in the hand and wrist; "since no combination of nerves serve this area a glove anesthesia is clearly psychogenic in origin"
                             subtype:  #delirium  a usually brief state of excitement and mental confusion often accompanied by hallucinations
                             subtype:  #delusional_disorder  any mental disorder in which delusions play a significant role
                             subtype:  #encopresis  involuntary defecation not attributable to physical defects or illness
                             subtype:  #folie_a_deux__folieadeux  the simultaneous occurrence of symptoms of a mental disorder (as delusions) in two persons who are closely related (as siblings or man and wife)
                             subtype:  #personality_disorder__personalitydisorder  inflexible and maladaptive patterns of behavior
                                subtype:  #maladjustment  the condition of being unable to adapt properly to your environment with resulting emotional instability
                                subtype:  #antisocial_personality_disorder__sociopathic_personality__sociopathicpersonality__psychopathic_personality  a personality disorder characterized by amorality and lack of affect; capable of violent acts without guilt feelings (`psychopathic personality' was once widely used but was superseded by `sociopathic personality' to indicate the social aspects of the disorder; `antisocial personality disorder' is currently the preferred term)
                                subtype:  #schizotypal_personality  characterized by symptoms similar to but less severe than schizophrenia
                             subtype:  #major_affective_disorder__majoraffectivedisorder__affective_disorder__affectivedisorder__emotional_disorder__emotionaldisorder__emotionaldisturbance  any mental disorder not caused by detectable organic abnormalities of the brain and in which a major disturbance of emotions is predominant
                                subtype:  #depressive_disorder__clinical_depression__depression  a state of depression and anhedonia so severe as to require clinical intervention
                                   subtype:  #agitated_depression  a state of clinical depression in which the person exhibits irritability and restlessness
                                   subtype:  #anaclitic_depression__anacliticdepression  severe and progressive depression in infants who lose their mother and do not get a suitable substitute
                                   subtype:  #dysthymia__dysthymicdepression  mild chronic depression; "I thought she had just been in a bad mood for thirty years, but the doctor called it dysthymia"
                                   subtype:  #endogenous_depression  a state of depression for which there is no apparent precipitating cause
                                   subtype:  #exogenous_depression__exogenousdepression__reactive_depression  an inappropriate state of depression that is precipitated by events in the person's life (to be distinguished from normal grief)
                                   subtype:  #major_depressive_episode  (psychiatry) a state of depression with all the classic symptoms (anhedonia and lethargy and sleep disturbance and despondency and morbid thoughts and feelings of worthlessness and sometimes attempted suicide) but with no known organic dysfunction
                                      subtype:  #involutional_depression  a major depressive episode associated with the climacteric
                                      subtype:  #unipolar_depression  a major depressive episode that occurs without the manic phase that occurs in the classic form of bipolar disorder
                                   subtype:  #neurotic_depression  a term used for any state of depression that is not psychotic
                                   subtype:  #psychotic_depression__psychoticdepression  a state of depression so severe that the person loses contact with reality and suffers a variety of functional impairments
                                   subtype:  #retarded_depression  a state of clinical depression in which the individual is lethargic and slow to initiate action
                                subtype:  #manic_disorder__manicdisorder__mania  a mood disorder; an affective disorder in which the victim tends to respond excessively and sometimes violently
                                   subtype:  #craze__delirium__frenzy__fury__hysteria  state of violent mental agitation
                                      subtype:  #nympholepsy  a frenzy of emotion; as for something unattainable
                                subtype:  #bipolar_disorder__bipolardisorder__manic_depression__manicdepression__manicdepressiveillnes__manic-depressive_psychosis  a mental disorder characterized by episodes of mania and depression
                                   subtype:  #cyclothymia__cyclothymic_disorder__cyclothymicdisorder__cyclic_disorder  a mild bipolar disorder that persists over a long time
                             subtype:  #schizothymia  resembling schizophrenia but remaining within the bounds of normality
                             subtype:  #neurosis__neuroticism__psychoneurosis  a mental or personality disturbance not attributable to any known neurological or organic dysfunction
                                subtype:  #hysterical_neurosis__hysteria  neurotic disorder characterized by violent emotional outbreaks and disturbances of sensory and motor functions
                                   subtype:  #anxiety_hysteria__anxietyhysteria  a form of hysteria having features of both conversion disorder and anxiety neurosis
                                   subtype:  #hysterocatalepsy  hysteria with cataleptic symptoms
                                subtype:  #anxiety_neurosis  characterized by diffuse anxiety and often somatic manifestations of fear
                             subtype:  #dissociative_disorder  dissociation so severe that the usually integrated functions of consciousness and perception of self break down
                                subtype:  #depersonalization_disorder__depersonalizationdisorder__depersonalization__depersonalisation__depersonalisation_disorder__depersonalisationdisorder__depersonalization_neurosis__depersonalisation_neurosis  emotional dissociative disorder in which there is loss of contact with your own personal reality accompanied by feelings of unreality and strangeness
                                subtype:  #psychogenic_fugue__psychogenicfugue__fugue  dissociative disorder in which a person forgets who who they are and leaves home to creates a new life; during the fugue there is no memory of the former life; after recovering there is no memory for events during the dissociative state
                                subtype:  #split_personality__splitpersonality__multiple_personality  a relatively rare dissociative disorder in which the usual integrity of the personality breaks down and two or more independent personalities emerge
                          subtype:  #metabolic_disorder__metabolicdisorder  a disorder or defect of metabolism
                             subtype:  #alkaptonuria__alcaptonuria  a rare recessive metabolic anomaly marked by ochronosis and the presence of alkapton in the urine
                             subtype:  #inborn_error_of_metabolism  any of a number of diseases in which an inherited defect (usually a missing or inadequate enzyme) results in an abnormality of metabolism
                             subtype:  #lipidosis__lipidosi  a disorder of lipid metabolism; abnormal levels of certain fats accumulate in the body
                                subtype:  #abetalipoproteinemia  a rare inherited disorder of fat metabolism; characterized by severe deficiency of beta-lipoproteins and abnormal red blood cells (acanthocytes) and abnormally low cholesterol levels
                                subtype:  #Gaucher's_disease  a rare chronic disorder of lipid metabolism probably of genetic origin
                                subtype:  #Niemann-Pick_disease  a disorder of lipid metabolism that is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait
                                subtype:  #Tay-Sachs_disease__Tay-Sachs__Sachs_disease__infantile_amaurotic_idiocy__infantileamauroticidiocy  a hereditary disorder of lipid metabolism occuring most frequently in individuals of E European Jewish descent; accumulation of lipids in nervous tissue results in death in early childhood
                             subtype:  #lysine_intolerance  a disorder in which a lack of certain enzymes makes it impossible to digest the amino acid lysine
                             subtype:  #hyperlipoproteinemia  any of various disorders of lipoprotein and cholesterol metabolism that result in high levels of lipoprotein and cholesterol in the circulating blood
                                subtype:  #hyperbetalipoproteinemia  a genetic disorder characterized by high levels of beta-lipoproteins and cholesterol; can lead to atherosclerosis at an early age
                             subtype:  #hypolipoproteinemia  any of various disorders of lipoprotein and cholesterol metabolism that result in low levels of lipoprotein and cholesterol in the circulating blood
                                subtype:  #hypobetalipoproteinemia  a hereditary disorder characterized by low levels of beta-lipoproteins and lipids and cholesterol
                                   subtype:  #abetalipoproteinemia  a rare inherited disorder of fat metabolism; characterized by severe deficiency of beta-lipoproteins and abnormal red blood cells (acanthocytes) and abnormally low cholesterol levels
                          subtype:  #nervous_disorder__nervousdisorder__neurological_disorder__neurological_disease  a disorder of the nervous system
                             subtype:  #brain_disorder__braindisorder__encephalopathy__brain_disease__braindisease  any disorder or disease of the brain
                                subtype:  #epilepsy  a disorder of the central nervous system characterized by loss of consciousness and convulsions
                                   subtype:  #akinetic_epilepsy  epilepsy characterized by akinesia
                                   subtype:  #cortical_epilepsy__focal_epilepsy__focalepilepsy  epilepsy in which the attack begins with an isolated disturbance of cerebral function (as a twitching of a limb or an illusory sensation or a mental disturbance)
                                      subtype:  #Jacksonian_epilepsy  focal epilepsy in which the attack usually moves from distal to proximal limb muscles on the same side of the body
                                      subtype:  #sensory_epilepsy__sensoryepilepsy  focal epilepsy initiated by somatosensory phenomena
                                   subtype:  #grand_mal_epilepsy__grandmalepilepsy__generalized_epilepsy__generalizedepilepsy  epilepsy in which the attack involves loss of consciousness and tonic spasms of the musculature followed by generalized jerking
                                   subtype:  #myoclonus_epilepsy__myoclonusepilepsy__Lafora's_disease  epilepsy characterized by clonus of muscle groups and progressive mental deterioration and genetic origin
                                   subtype:  #petit_mal_epilepsy__petitmalepilepsy__absence  epilepsy characterized by paroxysmal attacks of brief clouding of consciousness (a possible other abnormalities)
                                      subtype:  #complex_absence__complexabsence  petit mal seizure accompanied by other abnormalities (atonia or automatisms or vasomotor changes)
                                      subtype:  #pure_absence__simple_absence  petit mal seizure without other complications; followed by 3-per-sec brain-wave spikes
                                      subtype:  #subclinical_absence__subclinicalabsence  transient impairment of cortical function demonstrable only by 3-per-second brain-wave spikes
                                   subtype:  #posttraumatic_epilepsy__posttraumaticepilepsy__traumatic_epilepsy__traumaticepilepsy  a convulsive epileptic state caused by a head injury
                                   subtype:  #procursive_epilepsy  epilepsy in which a seizure is induced by whirling or running
                                   subtype:  #psychomotor_epilepsy__psychomotorepilepsy__temporal_lobe_epilepsy  epilepsy characterized clinically by impairment of consciousness and amnesia for the episode; often involves purposeful movements of the arms and legs and sometimes hallucinations
                                   subtype:  #reflex_epilepsy  a form of epilepsy in which attacks are induced by peripheral stimulation
                                      subtype:  #musicogenic_epilepsy__musicogenicepilepsy  reflex epilepsy induced by music
                                      subtype:  #photogenic_epilepsy  reflex epilepsy induced by a flickering light
                                   subtype:  #status_epilepticus  a condition in which there are continuing attacks of epilepsy without intervals of consciousness; can lead to brain damage and death
                                   subtype:  #tonic_epilepsy__tonicepilepsy  epilepsy in which the body is rigid during the seizure
                                subtype:  #apraxia  inability to make purposeful movements
                                subtype:  #paralysis_agitans__paralysisagitan__Parkinsonism__Parkinson's_disease__Parkinson's_syndrome__Parkinson's__shaking_palsy__shakingpalsy  a degenerative disorder of the central nervous system characterized by tremor and impaired muscular coordination
                                subtype:  #cerebral_palsy__spastic_paralysis  a loss or deficiency of motor control with involuntary spasms caused by permanent brain damage present at birth
                                subtype:  #agraphia__anorthography__logagraphia  a loss of the ability to write or to express thoughts in writing because of a brain lesion
                                subtype:  #acataphasia  a disorder in which a lesion to the central nervous system leaves you unable to formulate a statement or to express yourself in an organized manner
                                subtype:  #aphasia  inability to use or understand language (spoken or written) because of a brain lesion
                                   subtype:  #auditory_aphasia__acoustic_aphasia__word_deafness  an impairment in understanding spoken language that is not attributable to hearing loss
                                   subtype:  #conduction_aphasia__associative_aphasia__associativeaphasia  aphasia in which the lesion is assumed to be in the association tracts connecting the various language centers in the brain; patient's have difficulty repeating a sentence just heard
                                   subtype:  #global_aphasia__total_aphasia__totalaphasia  loss of all ability to communicate
                                   subtype:  #motor_aphasia__motoraphasia__Broca's_aphasia__ataxic_aphasia__expressive_aphasia__nonfluent_aphasia__nonfluentaphasia  aphasia in which expression by speech or writing is severely impaired
                                   subtype:  #nominal_aphasia__nominalaphasia__anomic_aphasia__anomia__amnesic_aphasia__amnesicaphasia__amnestic_aphasia  inability to name objects or to recognize written or spoken names of objects
                                   subtype:  #transcortical_aphasia__transcorticalaphasia  a general term for aphasia that results from lesions outside of Broca's area or Wernicke's area of the cerebral cortex
                                   subtype:  #visual_aphasia__alexia__word_blindness  inability to perceive written words
                                   subtype:  #Wernicke's_aphasia__fluent_aphasia__receptive_aphasia__receptiveaphasia__sensory_aphasia__sensoryaphasia__impressive_aphasia  aphasia characterized by fluent but meaningless speech and severe impairment of the ability understand spoken or written words
                                subtype:  #agnosia  inability to recognize objects by use of the senses
                                subtype:  #Creutzfeldt-Jakob_disease__CJD__Jakob-Creutzfeldt_disease  rare (usually fatal) brain disease (usually in middle age) caused by an unidentified slow virus; characterized by progressive dementia and gradual loss of muscle control
                                subtype:  #Wernicke's_encephalopathy  inflammatory degenerative disease of the brain caused by thiamine deficiency that is usually associated with alcoholism
                             subtype:  #motor_ataxia__motorataxia__ataxia__ataxy__dyssynergia  inability to coordinate voluntary muscle movements; unsteady movements and staggering gait
                                subtype:  #Friedreich's_ataxia__herediatry_spinal_ataxia  sclerosis of the posterior and lateral columns of the spinal cord; characterized by muscular weakness and abnormal gait; occurs in children
                                subtype:  #hereditary_cerebellar_ataxia  nervous disorder of late childhood and early adulthood; characterized by ataxic gait and hesitating or explosive speech and nystagmus
                             subtype:  #atopognosia__atopognosi  absence or loss of topognosia; inability to locate correctly a point of touch
                             subtype:  #dyskinesia  abnormality in performing voluntary muscle movements
                                subtype:  #tardive_dyskinesia__tardivedyskinesia  involuntary rolling of the tongue and twitching of the face or trunk or limbs; often occurs in patients with parkinsonism who are treated with phenothiazine
                             subtype:  #chorea  any of several degenerative nervous disorders characterized by spasmodic movements of the body and limbs
                             subtype:  #flaccid_paralysis__flaccidparalysi  weakness or loss of muscle tone resulting from injury or disease of the nerves innervating the muscles
                             subtype:  #athetosis__athetosi  a continuous succession of slow writing involuntary movements of the hands and feet and other body parts
                             subtype:  #kuru  a progressive disease of the central nervous system marked by increasing lack of coordination and advancing to paralysis and death within a year of the appearance of symptoms; thought to have been transmitted by cannibalistic consumption of diseased brain tissue since the disease virtually disappeared when cannibalism was abandoned
                             subtype:  #nerve_compression__nervecompression  harmful pressure on a nerve (especially in nerves that pass over rigid prominences); causes nerve damage and muscle weakness
                                subtype:  #nerve_entrapment__nerveentrapment  repeated and long-term nerve compression (usually in nerves near joints that are subject to inflammation or swelling)
                                   subtype:  #carpal_tunnel_syndrome  a disorder caused by compression of a nerve in the carpal tunnel (where the nerve passes through the wrist); characterized by discomfort and weakness in the hand
                          subtype:  #hydrocele  disorder in which serous fluid accumulates in a body sac (especially in the scrotum)
                          subtype:  #sleep_disorder__sleepdisorder  a disturbance of the normal sleep pattern
                             subtype:  #hypersomnia  an inability to stay awake
                                subtype:  #catalepsy  a trancelike state with loss of voluntary motion and failure to react to stimuli
                                subtype:  #narcolepsy  a sleep disorder characterized by sudden and uncontrollable episodes of deep sleep; "he believes that narcolepsy is attributable to an inability to suppress REM sleep during waking"
                             subtype:  #insomnia  an inability to sleep; chronic sleeplessness
                             subtype:  #sleep_terror_disorder__pavor_nocturnus__pavornocturnu  a disorder of sleep characterized by a dream of terrifying dimensions far worse than a typical nightmare; they occur during NREM sleep
                             subtype:  #sleep_apnea__sleepapnea  apnea that occurs during sleep
                                subtype:  #sudden_infant_death_syndrome__SIDS__infant_death__crib_death__cot_death__cotdeath  sudden and unexpected death of an apparently healthy infant during sleep
                          subtype:  #hematocolpometra__haematocolpometra  accumulation of blood in the vagina and uterus
                          subtype:  #hematocolpos__haematocolpos__haematocolpo  accumulation of menstrual blood in the vagina (usually due to an imperforate hymen)
                          subtype:  #speech_disorder__speech_defect  a disorder of oral speech
                             subtype:  #anarthria  partial or total loss of articulate speech resulting from lesions of the central nervous system
                             subtype:  #aphonia__voicelessness__voicelessnes  a disorder of the vocal organs that results in the loss of voice
                             subtype:  #cataphasia  a speech disorder in which the same word is repeated several times in succession
                             subtype:  #dysarthria  impaired articulatory ability resulting from defects in the peripheral motor nerves or in the speech musculature
                             subtype:  #dyslogia  impaired ability to express ideas verbally; usually resulting from difficulties of reasoning (as in feeble-mindedness or certain psychoses)
                             subtype:  #dysphonia  speech disorder attributable to a disorder of phonation
                             subtype:  #lallation  speech defect in which the phoneme `r' is pronounced as `l'
                             subtype:  #lambdacism  speech defect involving excessive use or unusual pronunciation of the phoneme `l'
                             subtype:  #lisp  a speech defect that involves pronouncing s like voiceless th and z like voiced th
                             subtype:  #stammer  a speech disorder involving hesitations and involuntary repetitions of certain sounds
                          subtype:  #tropical_sprue__sprue  a chronic disorder that occurs in tropical and nontropical forms and in both children and adults; nutrients are not absorbed; symptoms include foul-smelling diarrhea and emaciation
                       subtype:  #roots  the condition of belonging to a particular place or group by virtue of social or ethnic or cultural lineage; "his roots in Texas go back a long way"; "he went back to Sweden to search for his roots"; "his music has African roots"
                       subtype:  #hyalinization__hyalinisation  the state of being hyaline or having become hyaline: "the patient's arterioles showed marked hyalinization"
                       subtype:  #vacuolization__vacuolisation__vacuolation  the state of having become filled with vacuoles
                       subtype:  #protuberance  the condition of being protuberant; the condition of bulging out; "the protuberance of his belly"
                       subtype:  #curvature.state  (medical) a curving or bending; often abnormal; "curvature of the spine"
                       subtype:  #psychological_state__psychologicalstate__mental_state  a mental condition in which the qualities of a state are relatively constant even though the state itself may be dynamic; "a manic state"
                          subtype:  #state_of_mind__frame_of_mind  a temporary psychological state
                             subtype:  #case.state_of_mind  a specific state of mind that is temporary; "a case of the jitters"
                             subtype:  #thinking_cap  a state in which one thinks
                          subtype:  #abulia__aboulia  a loss of will power
                          subtype:  #anhedonia  an inability to experience pleasure
                          subtype:  #depersonalization__depersonalisation  (existentialism) a loss of personal identity; a feeling of being an anonymous cog in a stupid social machine
                          subtype:  #hypnosis  a state that resembles sleep but that is induced by suggestion
                             subtype:  #self-hypnosis__self-suggestion__autosuggestion  hypnosis induced by yourself
                          subtype:  #fugue.psychological_state  a dreamlike state of altered consciousness that may last for hours or days
                          subtype:  #trauma  an emotional wound or shock often having long-lasting effects
                          subtype:  #morale  a state of individual psychological well-being based upon a sense of confidence and usefulness and purpose
                          subtype:  #anxiousness__anxiousnes  a relatively permanent state of anxiety occurring in a variety of mental disorders
                             subtype:  #castration_anxiety  (psychoanalysis) anxiety resulting from real or imagined threats to your sexual functions; originally applied only to men but can in principal apply to women
                             subtype:  #hypochondria__hypochondriasis__hypochondriasi  chronic and abnormal anxiety about imaginary symptoms and ailments
                             subtype:  #overanxiety  excessive anxiety
                             subtype:  #scare__panic  sudden mass fear and anxiety over anticipated events; "panic in the stock market"; "a war scare"
                                subtype:  #red_scare__redscare  a period of general fear of communists
                          subtype:  #hallucinosis  a mental state in which the person has continual hallucinations
                          subtype:  #identity_crisis  distress and disorientation (especially in adolescence) resulting from conflicting pressures and uncertainty about and one's self and one's role in society
                          subtype:  #jitters__jitter__nervousness__nervousnes__nerve__screaming_meemies__screamingmeemie  an uneasy state; "he suffered an attack of nerves"
                             subtype:  #nervous_strain__nervousstrain__strain__mental_strain  nervousness resulting from mental stress; "his responsibilities were a constant strain"; "the mental strain of staying alert hour after hour was too much for him"
                                subtype:  #tenseness__tension__stress  a state of mental or emotional strain or suspense; "he suffered from fatigue and emotional tension"; "stress is a vasoconstrictor"
                                   subtype:  #breaking_point.tenseness__breakingpoint  stress at which a person breaks down or a situation becomes crucial
                          subtype:  #psychotic_belief__psychoticbelief__delusion  an erroneous belief that is held in the face of evidence to the contrary
                             subtype:  #delusions_of_grandeur  a delusion (common in paranoia) that you are much greater and more powerful and influential than you really are
                             subtype:  #delusions_of_persecution  a delusion (common in paranoia) that others are out to get you and frustrate and embarrass you or inflict suffering on you; a complicated conspiracy is frequently imagined
                             subtype:  #hallucination  illusory perception; a common symptom of severe mental disorder
                                subtype:  #auditory_hallucination__acousma  illusory auditory perception of strange nonverbal sounds
                                subtype:  #pseudohallucination  an image vivid enough to be a hallucination but recognized as unreal
                                subtype:  #trip.hallucination  a hallucinatory experience induced by drugs; "an acid trip"
                                subtype:  #visual_hallucination  illusory visual perception
                                   subtype:  #chromatism.visual_hallucination  hallucinatory perception of colored lights
                                   subtype:  #pink_elephants  any visual hallucination arising from heavy drinking
                                   subtype:  #zoopsia  visual hallucination of animals; sometimes occurring in delirium tremens
                             subtype:  #nihilistic_delusion__nihilism  the delusion that things (or everything, including the self) do not exist; a sense that everything is unreal
                             subtype:  #somatic_delusion__somaticdelusion  an delusion concerning the body image or parts of the body
                             subtype:  #zoanthropy  the delusion that you have assumed the form of an animal
                          subtype:  #mental_health  the psychological state of someone who is functioning at a satisfactory level of emotional and behavioral adjustment
                             subtype:  #mental_soundness__mental_balance  the healthy psychological state of someone with good judgment
                             subtype:  #sanity__saneness  normal or sound powers of mind
                                subtype:  #lucidity  a lucid state of mind; not confused
                                subtype:  #rationality__reasonableness  the state of having good sense and sound judgment; "his rationality may have been impaired"; "he had to rely less on reason than on rousing their emotions"
                          subtype:  #mental_illness__mental_disease__psychopathy  any disease of the mind; the psychological state of someone who has emotional or behavioral problems serious enough to require psychiatric intervention
                             subtype:  #megalomania  a psychological state characterized by delusions of grandeur
                             subtype:  #insanity  relatively permanent disorder of the mind
                                subtype:  #lunacy__madness__madnes__insanenes  obsolete terms for legal insanity
                                subtype:  #dementia__dementedness  mental deterioration of organic or functional origin
                                   subtype:  #alcoholic_dementia__alcoholicdementia__alcoholamnesticdisorder__korsakoff'spsychosi__korsakoff'ssyndrome__korsakov'spsychosi__Korsakov's_syndrome__polyneuritic_psychosis  dementia observed during the last stages of severe chronic alcoholism; involves loss of memory for recent events although long term memory is intact
                                   subtype:  #presenile_dementia__preseniledementia  dementia with onset before the age of 65
                                      subtype:  #Alzheimer's_disease__Alzheimer's__Alzheimers  a progressive form of presenile dementia that is similar to senile dementia except that it usually starts in the 40s or 50s; first symptoms are impaired memory which is followed by impaired thought and speech and finally complete helplessness
                                      subtype:  #Pick's_disease  a progressive form of presenile dementia found most often in middle-aged and elderly women and characterized by degeneration of the frontal and temporal lobes with loss of intellectual ability and transitory aphasia
                                   subtype:  #senile_dementia__senile_psychosis  dementia of the aged; results from degeneration of the brain in the absence of cerebrovascular disease
                                subtype:  #irrationality__unreason  the state of being irrational; lacking powers of understanding
                                subtype:  #mental_unsoundness__derangement__unbalance  a state of mental disturbance and disorientation
                                subtype:  #daftness__craziness__crazines__flakines  informal terms for insanity
                             subtype:  #psychosis__psychosi  any severe mental disorder in which contact with reality is lost or highly distorted
                                subtype:  #delirium_tremens__DTs__blue_devils  acute delirium caused by alcohol poisoning
                                subtype:  #paranoia  a psychological disorder characterized by delusions of persecution or grandeur
                                subtype:  #schizophrenia__schizophrenic_disorder__schizophrenicdisorder__schizophrenicpsychosi__dementia_praecox  any of several psychotic disorders characterized by distortions of reality and disturbances of thought and language and withdrawal from social contact
                                   subtype:  #borderline_schizophrenia__latent_schizophrenia  schizophrenia characterized by mild symptoms or by some preexisting tendency to schizophrenia
                                   subtype:  #catatonic_schizophrenia__catatonicschizophrenia__catatonic_type_schizophrenia__catatonia  a form of schizophrenia characterized by a tendency to remain in a fixed stuporous state for long periods; the catatonia may give way to short periods of extreme excitement
                                   subtype:  #hebephrenia__hebephrenicschizophrenia__disorganized_schizophrenia__disorganized_type_schizophrenia  a form of schizophrenia characterized by severe disintegration of personality including erratic speech and childish mannerisms and bizarre behavior; usually becomes evident during puberty; the most common diagnostic category in mental institutions
                                   subtype:  #paranoid_schizophrenia__paranoic_type_schizophrenia__paraphrenic_schizophrenia__paraphrenicschizophrenia__paraphrenia  a form of schizophrenia characterized by delusions (of persecution or grandeur or jealousy); symptoms may include anger and anxiety and aloofness and doubts about gender identity; unlike other types of schizophrenia the patients are usually presentable and (if delusions are not acted on) may function in an apparently normal manner
                                   subtype:  #acute_schizophrenic_episode__acuteschizophrenicepisode__reactive_schizophrenia  schizophrenia of abrupt onset and relatively short duration (a few weeks or months)
                          subtype:  #agitation.psychological_state  a mental state of extreme emotional disturbance
                             subtype:  #disturbance.agitation__perturbation__upset  an unhappy and worried mental state; "there was too much anger and disturbance"; "she didn't realize the upset she caused me"
                             subtype:  #swither__stew__sweat__lather  agitation resulting from active worry; "don't get in a stew"; "he's in a sweat about exams"
                             subtype:  #dither__pother__fuss__tizzy__flap  an excited state of agitation; "he was in a dither"; "there was a terrible flap about the theft"
                             subtype:  #tailspin  loss of emotional control often resulting in emotional collapse
                          subtype:  #depression.psychological_state  a mental state characterized by a pessimistic sense of inadequacy and a despondent lack of activity
                             subtype:  #melancholia  extreme depression characterized by tearful sadness and irrational fears
                             subtype:  #megrims__megrim__blues__blue  an informal term for a state of depression; "he had a bad case of the blues"
                             subtype:  #blue_funk__funk  a state of nervous depression; "he was in a funk"
                             subtype:  #melancholy.depression  a constitutional tendency to be gloomy and depressed
                             subtype:  #slough_of_despond  (formal) extreme depression
                             subtype:  #low_spirits  a state of mild depression
                                subtype:  #dumps__dump__mopes  (informal) "in the dumps"; "have the mopes"
                             subtype:  #dejection  a state of melancholy depression
                          subtype:  #elation  an exhilarating psychological state of pride and optimism; an absence of depression
                             subtype:  #bliss__blis__blissfulnes__cloud_nine__cloudnine__seventh_heaven__seventhheaven__walking_on_air  a state of extreme happiness
                                subtype:  #ecstasy  a state of elated bliss
                             subtype:  #high_induced_by_drug_or_alcohol__high  a state of altered consciousness induced by alcohol or narcotics; "they took drugs to get a high on"
                             subtype:  #high.elation  a state of sustained elation; "I'm on a permanent high these days"
                          subtype:  #vexation__irritation__annoyance  the psychological state of being irritated or annoyed
                             subtype:  #botheration  the state of being bothered
                             subtype:  #huff__miff__seeing_red  a state of irritation or annoyance
                             subtype:  #pinprick.vexation  a minor annoyance
                             subtype:  #restlessness.vexation__impatience  a lack of patience; irritation with anything that causes delay
                             subtype:  #snit  a state of agitated irritation; "he was in a snit"
                          subtype:  #enchantment__spell__trance  a psychological state induced by (or as if induced by) a magical incantation
                             subtype:  #possession.enchantment  being controlled by passion or the supernatural
                             subtype:  #fascination__captivation  the state of being intensely interested (as by awe or terror)
                          subtype:  #disassociation__dissociation  a state in which some integrated part of a person's life becomes separated from the rest of the personality and functions independently
                             subtype:  #compartmentalization__compartmentalisation  a mild state of dissociation
                             subtype:  #dissociative_disorder  dissociation so severe that the usually integrated functions of consciousness and perception of self break down
                       subtype:  #difficulty.state  a situation or condition almost beyond one's ability to deal with and requiring great effort to bear or overcome: "grappling with financial difficulties"
                          subtype:  #bitch.difficulty  (slang) an unpleasant difficulty; "this problem is a real bitch"
                          subtype:  #predicament__quandary__plight  a situation from which extrication is difficult especially an unpleasant or trying one: "finds himself in a most awkward predicament"; "the woeful plight of homeless people"
                             subtype:  #care  a cause for feeling concern; "his major care was the illness of his wife"
                             subtype:  #corner.predicament__box  a predicament from which a skillful or graceful escape is impossible; "his lying got him into a tight corner"
                             subtype:  #hot_water__hotwater  a dangerous or distressing predicament; "his views on race got him into political hot water"
                          subtype:  #rattrap.difficulty  a difficult entangling situation
                          subtype:  #pinch.difficulty  a painful or straitened circumstance: "the pinch of the recession"
                          subtype:  #muddle__fix__hole__jam__mess__pickle__kettle_of_fish  informal terms for a difficult situation; "he got into a terrible fix"; "he made a muddle of his marriage"
                          subtype:  #hard_time  a difficulty that can be overcome with effort; "we had a hard time getting here"
                          subtype:  #stress.difficulty__strain  difficulty that causes worry or emotional tension: "she endured the stresses and strains of life"; "he presided over the economy during the period of the greatest stress and danger"- R.J.Samuelson
                          subtype:  #problem.difficulty__job  a state of difficulty that needs to be resolved; "she and her husband are having problems"; "it is always a job to contact him"; "urban problems such as traffic congestion and smog"
                             subtype:  #race_problem  a social and political problem caused by conflict between races occupying the same or adjacent regions
                             subtype:  #balance-of-payments_problem  an economic problem caused by payments for imports being greater than receipts for exports
                          subtype:  #urinary_hesitancy__urinaryhesitancy  difficulty in beginning the flow of urine; associated with prostate enlargement in men and with narrowing of the urethral opening in women; may be caused by emotional stress in either men or women
                          subtype:  #wall.difficulty  a difficult or awkward situation; "his back was to the wall"; "competition was pushing them to the wall"
                       subtype:  #improvement.state  a condition superior to an earlier condition: "the new school represents a great improvement"
                          subtype:  #betterment  an improvement that adds to the value of a property or facility
                          subtype:  #development.improvement  a state in which things are improving; the result of developing (as in the early part of a game of chess); "after he saw the latest development he changed his mind and became a supporter"; "in chess your should take care of your development before moving your queen"
                             subtype:  #underdevelopment.development  state of inadequate development: "much poverty can be traced to the underdevelopment of industry"
                          subtype:  #renovation__restoration  the state of being restored to its former good condition; "the inn was a renovation of a Colonial house"
                       subtype:  #decline  a condition inferior to an earlier condition
                          subtype:  #disuse__neglect  the state of something that has been unused and neglected; "the house was in a terrible state of neglect"
                             subtype:  #omission.disuse  something that has been omitted; "she searched the table for omissions"
                          subtype:  #twilight.decline  a condition of decline following successes; "in the twilight of the empire"
                          subtype:  #wreck  something or someone that has suffered ruin or dilapidation; "the house was a wreck when they bought it"; "thanks to that quack I am a human wreck"
                       subtype:  #ennoblement.state  the state of being noble
                       subtype:  #ascendance__dominance__ascendence__ascendancy__ascendency__control  the state that exists when one person or group has power over another; "her apparent dominance of her husband was really her attempt to make him pay attention to her"
                          subtype:  #ascendant__ascendent  position or state of being dominant or in control: "that idea was in the ascendant"
                          subtype:  #supremacy__domination__mastery  power to dominate or defeat; "mastery of the seas"
                             subtype:  #transcendency__transcendence__superiority  the state of excelling or surpassing or going beyond usual limits
                          subtype:  #predominance__predomination  the state of being predominant over others
                          subtype:  #dominion__rule  dominance or power through legal authority; "France held undisputed dominion over vast areas of Africa"; "the rule of Caesar"
                             subtype:  #paramountcy  the state of being paramount; the highest rank or authority
                             subtype:  #raj  British dominion over India (1757-1947)
                             subtype:  #reign.dominion__sovereignty  royal authority; the dominion of a monarch
                                subtype:  #scepter  the imperial authority symbolized by a scepter
                             subtype:  #suzerainty.dominion  the position or authority of a suzerain: "under the suzerainty of..."
                          subtype:  #tyranny__absolutism__despotism  dominance through threat of punishment and violence
                          subtype:  #monopoly.ascendance  exclusive control or possession of something; "They have no monopoly on intelligence"
                       subtype:  #comfort.state__comfortableness  a state of being relaxed and feeling no pain; "he is a man who enjoys his comfort"; "she longed for the comfortableness of her armchair"
                          subtype:  #relief.comfort__ease  the condition of being comfortable or relieved (especially after being relieved of distress); "he enjoyed his relief from responsibility"; "getting it off his conscience gave him some ease"
                             subtype:  #respite__reprieve  a (temporary) relief from harm or discomfort
                          subtype:  #solace__solacement  comfort in disappointment or misery
                          subtype:  #coziness__cosiness__snugness  a state of warm snug comfort
                          subtype:  #convenience  the state of being suitable or opportune; "chairs arranged for his own convenience"
                       subtype:  #discomfort__uncomfortableness__uncomfortablenes  the state of being tense and feeling pain
                          subtype:  #incommodiousness__inconvenience  an inconvenient discomfort
                          subtype:  #malaise__unease__uneasiness  physical discomfort (as mild sickness or depression)
                          subtype:  #hangover__katzenjammer  disagreeable aftereffects from the use of drugs (especially alcohol)
                       subtype:  #need__demand  a condition requiring relief; "she satisfied his need for affection"; "God has no need of men to accomplish His work"; "there is a demand for jobs"
                          subtype:  #lack__deficiency__want  the state of needing something that is absent or unavailable; "there is a serious lack of insight into the problem"; "water is the critical deficiency in desert regions"; "for want of a nail the shoe was lost"
                             subtype:  #absence.lack  the state of being absent; "he was surprised by the absence of any explanation"
                                subtype:  #nonoccurrence  absence by virtue of not occurring
                                subtype:  #awayness  the state of being elsewhere than in particular place
                             subtype:  #dearth__famine__shortage  a severe shortage (especially a shortage of food)
                             subtype:  #mineral_deficiency__mineraldeficiency  lack of a mineral micronutrient that is essential for normal nutrition or metabolism
                                subtype:  #sideropenia  a deficiency of iron; results from inadequate iron in the diet or from hemorrhage
                             subtype:  #stringency__tightness__tightnes  a state occasioned by scarcity of money and a shortage of credit
                          subtype:  #necessity  the condition of being essential or indispensable
                             subtype:  #requisiteness__requisitenes  the state of being absolutely required
                             subtype:  #urgency  the state of being urgent; an earnest and insistent necessity
                                subtype:  #hurry__haste  a condition of urgency making it necessary to hurry; "in a hurry to lock the door"
                                subtype:  #imperativeness__insistence__insistency__press__pres  the state of urgently demanding notice or attention; "the press of business matters"
                                subtype:  #criticalness__criticality__cruciality  a state of critical urgency
                       subtype:  #fullness  the condition of being filled to capacity
                          subtype:  #satiety__repletion__satiation  the state of being satisfactorily full and unable to take on more
                          subtype:  #excess__surfeit__overabundance  the state of being more than full
                          subtype:  #solidity  state of having the interior filled with matter
                          subtype:  #infestation  the state of being overrun in unpleasantly large numbers (as by parasites)
                             subtype:  #fascioliasis__fasciolosis  infestation with the liver fluke Fasciola hepatica; liver damage sometimes occurs; related to liver rot
                             subtype:  #fasciolopsiasis  infestation with the large intestinal fluke Fasciolopsis buski; common in eastern Asia
                             subtype:  #enterobiasis  an infestation with or a resulting infection caused by the pinworm Enterobius vermicularis; occurs especially in children
                             subtype:  #schistosomiasis__schistosomiasi__bilharzia__bilharziasi  an infestation with or a resulting infection caused by a parasite of the genus Schistosoma; common in the tropics and Far East; symptoms depend on the part of the body infected
                             subtype:  #trichinosis__trichiniasis__myositis_trichinosa  infestation by trichina larvae that are transmitted by eating inadequately cooked meat (especially pork); larvae migrate from the intestinal tract to the muscles where they become encysted
                             subtype:  #acariasis__acariasi__acariosis__acariosi__acaridiasis__acaridiasi  infestation with itch mites
                             subtype:  #ascariasis  infestation of the human intestine with Ascaris roundworms
                             subtype:  #coccidiosis__coccidiosi  (veterinary medicine) infestation with coccidia
                             subtype:  #echinococcosis__hydatid_disease__hydatiddisease__hydatidosis__hydatidosi  infestation with larval echinococci (tapeworms)
                             subtype:  #helminthiasis__helminthiasi  infestation of the body with parasitic worms
                                subtype:  #hookworm_disease__hookworm  infestation of the intestines by hookworms which enter the body (usually) through the skin
                             subtype:  #myiasis__myiasi  infestation of the body by the larvae of flies (usually through a wound or other opening) or any disease resulting from such infestation
                             subtype:  #onchocerciasis__river_blindness__riverblindnes  infestation with slender threadlike roundworms (filaria) deposited under the skin by the bite of black fleas; when the eyes are involved it can result in blindness; common in Africa and tropical America
                             subtype:  #opisthorchiasis__opisthorchiasi  infestation with flukes obtained from eating raw fish; common in eastern Asia
                             subtype:  #pediculosis__lousiness  infestation with lice (Pediculus humanus) resulting in severe itching
                                subtype:  #pediculosis_capitis__head_lice  infestation of the scalp with lice
                                subtype:  #pediculosis_corporis  infestation of body skin with lice
                                subtype:  #pediculosis_pubis__pediculosispubi__crab  infestation of the pubic hair by crab lice
                             subtype:  #trombiculiasis  infestation with chiggers
                             subtype:  #trichuriasis  infestation by a roundworm; common in tropical areas with poor sanitation
                       subtype:  #emptiness__emptines  the state of containing nothing
                          subtype:  #blankness__blanknes  the state of being blank; void; emptiness
                          subtype:  #hollowness  the state of being hollow: having an empty space within
                          subtype:  #vacancy  being unoccupied
                          subtype:  #vacuousness__vacuousnes  total absence of matter
                          subtype:  #vacuum__vacuity  the absence of matter
                       subtype:  #nakedness__nakednes__nudeness  the state of being without clothing or covering of any kind
                          subtype:  #nude  as in the phrase "They swam in the nude"
                          subtype:  #raw__altogether__birthday_suit  informal terms for nakedness; "in the raw"; "in the altogether"; "in his birthday suit"
                          subtype:  #undress__undres  partial or complete nakedness; "a state of undress"
                          subtype:  #bareness  the state of being unclothed and exposed (especially of a part of the body)
                       subtype:  #baldness__hairlessness__phalacrosis__phalacrosi  the condition of having no hair (especially on the top of the head)
                          subtype:  #alopecia  loss of hair (especially on the head) or wool or feathers; in humans it can result from heredity or hormonal imbalance or certain diseases or drugs and treatments (chemotherapy for cancer)
                             subtype:  #alopecia_areata  patchy baldness
                          subtype:  #male-patterned_baldness  loss of hair on the crown of the head
                       subtype:  #dishabille__deshabille  the state of being carelessly or partially dressed
                          subtype:  #shirtsleeves  not wearing a jacket; "in your shirtsleeves" means you are not wearing anything over your shirt; "in hot weather they dined in their shirtsleeves"
                       subtype:  #hopefulness.state__hopefulnes  full of hope
                          subtype:  #confidence.hopefulness  a state of confident hopefulness that events will be favorable; "public confidence in the economy"
                          subtype:  #anticipation.hopefulness__expectation  wishing with confidence of fulfillment
                       subtype:  #despair.state  a state in which everything seems wrong and will turn out badly; "they were rescued from despair at the last minute"
                       subtype:  #pureness__purity  being undiluted or unmixed with extraneous material
                          subtype:  #plainness.pureness__plainnes  the state of being unmixed with other material; "the plainness of vanilla ice cream"
                       subtype:  #impureness__impurity  the condition of being impure
                          subtype:  #adulteration__debasement  being mixed with extraneous material
                          subtype:  #admixture__alloy  the state of impairing the quality or reducing the value of something
                          subtype:  #taint__contamination  the state of being contaminated
                             subtype:  #dust_contamination.taint__dustcontamination  state of being contaminated with dust
                          subtype:  #dirtiness__dirtines  the state of containing dirty impurities
                          subtype:  #putridity  the state of being putrid
                          subtype:  #pollution  undesirable state of the natural environment being contaminated with harmful substances as a consequence of human activities
                             subtype:  #biodegradable_pollution__biodegradablepollution  pollution that is rendered harmless by natural processes and so causes no permanent harm
                             subtype:  #nonbiodegradable_pollution  pollution that accumulates in the environment and may appear in the food chain
                             subtype:  #air_pollution__airpollution  pollution of the air; "air pollution reduced the visibility"
                                subtype:  #acid_rain__acid_precipitation  rain containing acids that form in the atmosphere when industrial gas emissions (especially sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides) combine with water
                                subtype:  #industrial_pollution  pollution resulting from an industrial plant discharging pollutants into the air
                                subtype:  #miasma  unhealthy vapors rising from the ground or other sources; "the miasma of the marshes"; "a miasma of cigar smoke"
                                subtype:  #smog__smogginess  air pollution by a mixture of smoke and fog
                             subtype:  #noise_pollution__noisepollution__sound_pollution__soundpollution  annoying and potentially harmful environmental noise
                             subtype:  #thermal_pollution__thermalpollution  harm to lakes and rivers resulting from the release of excessive waste heat into them
                             subtype:  #water_pollution__waterpollution  pollution of the water in rivers and lakes
                       subtype:  #financial_condition__financialcondition__economic_condition  the condition of finances
                          subtype:  #easy_money  the economic condition in which credit is easy to secure
                          subtype:  #tight_money__tightmoney  the economic condition in which credit is difficult to secure
                          subtype:  #solvency  the ability to meet maturing obligations as they come due
                          subtype:  #insolvency  lacking financial resources
                             subtype:  #bankruptcy.insolvency  inability to discharge all your debts as they come due
                          subtype:  #credit_crunch__liquidity_crisis  a state in which there is a short supply of cash to lend to businesses and consumers
                          subtype:  #slump__depression__economic_crisis  a long-term economic state characterized by unemployment and low prices and low levels of trade and investment
                             subtype:  #Great_Depression  the economic crisis beginning with the stock market crash in 1929 and continuing through the 1930s
                          subtype:  #full_employment  the economic condition when everyone who wishes to work at the going wage-rate for their type of labor is employed
                          subtype:  #prosperity  an economic state of growth with rising profits and full employment
                             subtype:  #boom.prosperity  a state of economic prosperity
                          subtype:  #wealthiness__wealthines  the state of being rich and affluent; having a plentiful supply of material goods and money: "great wealth is not a sign of great intelligence"
                             subtype:  #circumstances.wealthiness__circumstance  the state (usually personal) with regard to wealth; "each person was helped according to his circumstances"
                             subtype:  #affluence__richness  abundant wealth
                                subtype:  #ease.affluence__comfort  a freedom from financial difficulty that promotes a comfortable state: "a life of luxury and ease"; "he had all the material comforts of this world"
                                   subtype:  #lap_of_luxury  in conditions of wealth and comfort; "he was raised in the lap of luxury"
                             subtype:  #luxuriousness__luxuriousnes__opulence__sumptuousness__sumptuousnes  wealth as evidenced by sumptuous living
                             subtype:  #mammon  wealth regarded as an evil influence
                             subtype:  #silver_spoon  inherited wealth; "he was born with a silver spoon in his mouth"
                             subtype:  #sufficiency  sufficient resources to provide comfort and meet obligations; "her father questioned the young suitor's sufficiency"
                          subtype:  #poverty__poorness__impoverishment  the state of having little or no money and few or no material possessions
                             subtype:  #deprivation__want  a state of extreme poverty
                             subtype:  #destitution  a state without friends or money or prospects
                             subtype:  #indigence__need__penury__beggary  a state of extreme poverty or destitution; "their indigence appalled him"; "a general state of need exists among the homeless"
                             subtype:  #impecuniousness__impecuniousnes__pennilessnes__penuriousnes  a state of lacking money
                          subtype:  #shakeout  a financial condition that results in the elimination of marginally financed participants in an industry; "they glutted the market in order to cause a shakeout of their competitors"
                          subtype:  #wage_setter  any financial condition or variable that serves to set wage rates
                       subtype:  #sanitary_condition  the state of sanitation (clean or dirty)
                          subtype:  #sanitariness  the state of being conducive to health
                             subtype:  #hygiene  a condition promoting sanitary practices; "personal hygiene"
                             subtype:  #asepsis__antisepsis__sterility__sterileness  (of non-living objects) the state of being free of pathogenic organisms
                             subtype:  #sanitation  the state of being clean and conducive to health
                          subtype:  #unsanitariness  a state that is not conducive to health
                             subtype:  #filthiness__filth__foulness__nastiness__nastines  a state characterized by foul or disgusting dirt and refuse
                             subtype:  #dunghill  a foul or degraded condition
                          subtype:  #cleanness.sanitary_condition__cleannes  the state of being clean; without dirt or other impurities
                             subtype:  #spotlessness__immaculateness  the state of being spotlessly clean
                          subtype:  #uncleanness__dirtiness__dirtines  the state of being unsanitary
                             subtype:  #filth__dirt__grime__soil__stain__grease__grunge  the state of being covered with unclean things
                             subtype:  #befoulment__defilement__pollution  the state of being polluted
                             subtype:  #griminess__grimines__grubbines  the state of being grimy
                             subtype:  #sordidness__squalor__squalidness__squalidnes  sordid dirtiness
                             subtype:  #dinginess__dingines  discoloration due to dirtiness
                             subtype:  #sootiness__sootines__smuttines  the state of being dirty with soot
                       subtype:  #tilth  the state of aggregation of soil and its condition for supporting plant growth
                       subtype:  #orderliness__order  a condition of regular or proper arrangement: "he put his desk in order"; "the machine is now in working order"
                          subtype:  #spit_and_polish  careful attention to order and appearance (as in the military)
                          subtype:  #kilter__kelter  in working order; "out of kilter"; "in good kilter"
                          subtype:  #tidiness  the habit of being tidy
                             subtype:  #spruceness__neatness  the state of being neat and smart and trim
                                subtype:  #trimness__trim  a state of arrangement or appearance: "in good trim"
                       subtype:  #disorderliness__disorder  a condition in which things are not in their expected places: "the files are in complete disorder"
                          subtype:  #shambles  a condition of great disorder
                          subtype:  #untidiness  the condition of being untidy
                             subtype:  #sloppiness__slovenliness__unkemptness__unkemptnes  untidiness in personal appearance
                                subtype:  #shagginess.sloppiness  unkemptness of hair
                          subtype:  #muss__mess__messiness__messines__mussines  a state of confusion and disorderliness; "the house was a mess"; "she smoothed the mussiness of the bed"
                          subtype:  #disorganization__disorganisation__disarrangement  a condition in which an orderly system has been disrupted
                          subtype:  #jumble__clutter__muddle__mare's_nest__welter__smother  a confused multitude of things
                             subtype:  #rummage  a jumble of things to be given away
                       subtype:  #normality.state__normalcy  being within certain limits that define the range of normal functioning
                          subtype:  #averageness  the state of being that is average; indicates normality but with connotations of mediocrity
                          subtype:  #commonness__expectedness  the state of being that is commonly observed
                          subtype:  #typicality  the state of being that is typical
                       subtype:  #abnormalcy__abnormality__abnormal_condition  an abnormal condition
                          subtype:  #acardia  congenital absence of the heart (as in the development of some monsters)
                          subtype:  #acephalia__acephaly__acephalism  absence of the head (as in the development of some monsters)
                          subtype:  #acorea  absence of the pupil in an eye
                          subtype:  #acromicria__acromikria  abnormally small extremities (underdeveloped fingers and toes)
                          subtype:  #acromphalus  abnormal protrusion of the navel; sometimes the start of umbilical hernia
                          subtype:  #amastia  absence of the mammary glands (either through surgery or developmental defect)
                          subtype:  #aneuploidy  an abnormality involving a chromosome number that is not an exact multiple of the haploid number (one chromosome set is incomplete)
                          subtype:  #anorchism__anorchidism__anorchia  absence of one of both testes
                          subtype:  #asynclitism__obliquity  the presentation during labor of the head of the fetus at an abnormal angle
                          subtype:  #atresia  an abnormal condition in which a normal opening or tube in the body (as the urethra) is closed or absent
                          subtype:  #brachytactyly  abnormal shortness of fingers and toes
                          subtype:  #cryptorchidy__cryptorchidism__cryptorchism  failure of one or both testes to move into the scrotum as the male fetus develops
                             subtype:  #monorchism__monorchidism  failure of one testes to descend into the scrotum
                          subtype:  #deviated_septum  abnormal displacement of any wall that separates two chambers (usually in the nasal cavity)
                             subtype:  #deviated_nasal_septum  abnormal shift in location of the nasal septum; a common condition causing obstruction of the nasal passages and difficulty in breathing and recurrent nosebleeds
                          subtype:  #dextrocardia  abnormal condition where the heart is located toward the right side of the chest
                          subtype:  #ectrodactyly  congenital abnormality involving the absence of some fingers or toes
                          subtype:  #erethism  an abnormally high degree of irritability or sensitivity or excitability
                          subtype:  #fetal_distress__foetal_distress  an abnormal condition of a fetus; usually discovered during pregnancy and characterized by an abnormal heart rhythm
                          subtype:  #hepatomegaly__megalohepatia  abnormal enlargement of the liver
                          subtype:  #inversion.abnormalcy  abnormal condition in which an organ is turned inward or inside out (as when the upper part of the uterus is pulled into the cervical canal after childbirth)
                          subtype:  #pneumothorax  abnormal presence of air in the pleural cavity resulting in the collapse of the lung; may be spontaneous (due to injury to the chest) or induced (as a treatment for tuberculosis)
                          subtype:  #macrencephaly  an abnormally large braincase
                          subtype:  #hydatid_mole__hydatidmole__hydatidiform_mole__molar_pregnancy  an abnormality during pregnancy; chorionic villi around an aborting embryo degenerate and form clusters of fluid-filled sacs
                          subtype:  #hydramnios  an abnormality of pregnancy; accumulation of excess amniotic fluid
                          subtype:  #hypervitaminosis  an abnormal condition resulting from taking vitamins excessively; can be serious for vitamins A or D or K
                          subtype:  #hypospadias__hypospadia  an abnormal condition in males in which the urethra opens on the under surface of the penis
                          subtype:  #lagophthalmos__lagophthalmo  abnormal condition in which an eye cannot close completely
                          subtype:  #mental_abnormality  any abnormality of mental function
                             subtype:  #organic_brain_syndrome__organicbrainsyndrome  mental abnormality resulting from disturbance of the structure or function of the brain
                          subtype:  #nanophthalmos__nanophthalmo  condition in which both eyes are abnormally small but otherwise normal
                          subtype:  #palmature  an abnormality in which the fingers are webbed
                          subtype:  #dysplasia  abnormal development (of organs or cells) or an abnormal structure resulting from such growth
                             subtype:  #aplasia  failure of some tissue or organ to develop
                             subtype:  #fibrous_dysplasia_of_bone  a disturbance in which bone that is undergoing lysis is replaced by an abnormal proliferation of fibrous tissue resulting in bone lesions or skin lesions
                                subtype:  #Albright's_disease__polyostotic_fibrous_dysplasia__polyostoticfibrousdysplasia  fibrous dysplasia of bone affecting multiple bones
                                subtype:  #monostotic_fibrous_dysplasia  fibrous dysplasia of bone confined to a single bone
                             subtype:  #hypertrophy  abnormal enlargement of a body part or organ
                                subtype:  #adenomegaly  gland enlargement
                                subtype:  #cor_pulmonale__corpulmonale  enlargement of the right ventricle of the heart due to disease of the lungs or of the pulmonary blood vessels
                                subtype:  #dactylomegaly  abnormally large fingers or toes
                                subtype:  #elephantiasis__elephantiasi  hypertrophy of certain body parts (usually legs and scrotum); the end state of the disease filariasis
                                   subtype:  #elephantiasis_neuromatosa__elephantiasisneuromatosa  hypertrophy of a limb
                                   subtype:  #elephantiasis_scroti__elephantiasisscroti__chyloderma  swelling of the scrotum resulting from chronic lymphatic obstruction
                                   subtype:  #nevoid_elephantiasis__pachyderma  thickening of the skin (usually unilateral on an extremity) caused by congenital enlargement of lymph vessel and lymph vessel obstruction
                                subtype:  #splenomegaly  an abnormal enlargement of the spleen
                                subtype:  #giantism__gigantism__overgrowth  excessive size; usually caused by excessive secretion of growth hormone from the pituitary gland
                                subtype:  #acromegaly__acromegalia  enlargement of bones of hands and feet and face; often accompanied by headache and muscle pain and emotional disturbances; caused by overproduction of growth hormone by the anterior pituitary gland (due to a tumor)
                             subtype:  #hyperplasia  abnormal increase in number of cells
                                subtype:  #benign_prostatic_hyperplasia__BPH  enlarged prostate; appears to be part of the natural aging process
                             subtype:  #hypoplasia  underdevelopment of an organ because of a decrease in the number of cells
                             subtype:  #anaplasia  loss of structural differentiation within a cell or group of cells often with increased capacity for multiplication, as in a malignant tumor
                          subtype:  #hydrocephalus__hydrocephalu__hydrocephaly  an abnormal condition in which cerebrospinal fluid collects in the ventricles of the brain; in infants it can cause abnormally rapid growth of the head and bulging fontanelles and a small face; in adults the symptoms are primarily neurological
                          subtype:  #abrachia  the condition of having no arms
                          subtype:  #progeria  a rare abnormality marked by premature aging (gray hair and wrinkled skin and stooped posture) in a child
                          subtype:  #atypicality__untypicality  any state that is not typical
                          subtype:  #arrested_development__fixation__infantile_fixation__infantilefixation__regression  an abnormal state in which development has stopped prematurely
                          subtype:  #aberrance__aberrancy__aberration__deviance  an aberrant state or condition
                             subtype:  #chromosomal_aberration__chromosomalaberration__chromosomal_anomaly__chromosomalanomaly__chrosomal_abnormality__chrosomalabnormality__chromosonal_disorder__chromosonaldisorder  any change in the normal structure or number of chromosomes; often results in physical or mental abnormalities
                                subtype:  #monosomy  chromosomal abnormality consisting of the absence of one chromosome from the normal diploid number
                                subtype:  #trisomy  chrosomal abnormality in which there is one more than the normal number of chromosomes in a cell
                                   subtype:  #mongolism__mongolianism__Down's_syndrome__Down_syndrome__trisomy_21__trisomy21  a congenital disorder caused by having an extra 21st chromosome; results in a flat face and short stature and mental retardation
                                subtype:  #sex-linked_disorder  any disease or abnormality that is determined by the sex hormones; "hemophilia is determined by a gene defect on an X chromosome"
                                   subtype:  #hemophilia__haemophilia__bleeder's_disease__bleeder'sdisease  congenital tendency to uncontrolled bleeding; usually affects males and is transmitted from mother to son
                                   subtype:  #Turner's_syndrome  a chromosomal disorder in females who have only one X chromosome; marked by dwarfism and heart abnormalities and underdeveloped sex organs
                             subtype:  #deflection__warp  a twist or aberration; especially a perverse or abnormal way of judging or acting
                          subtype:  #cyclopia  a developmental abnormality in which there is only one eye
                          subtype:  #spinal_curvature  an abnormal curvature of the vertebral column
                             subtype:  #kyphosis__humpback__hunchback  an abnormal backward curve to the vertebral column
                             subtype:  #lordosis__hollow-back  an abnormal inward (forward) curvature of the vertebral column
                             subtype:  #scoliosis__scoliosi  an abnormal lateral curve to the vertebral column
                          subtype:  #subnormality  the state of being less than normal (especially with respect to intelligence)
                          subtype:  #anomalousness__anomalousnes  deviation from the normal or common order or form or rule
                             subtype:  #birth_defect__birthdefect__congenital_anomaly__congenital_defect__congenital_disorder__congenital_abnormality  a defect that is present at birth
                                subtype:  #ablepharia  a congenital absence of eyelids (partial or complete)
                                subtype:  #albinism  the congenital absence of pigmentation in the eyes and skin and hair
                                subtype:  #anencephaly__anencephalia  a defect in brain development resulting in small or missing brain hemispheres
                                subtype:  #ametria  congenital absence of the uterus
                                subtype:  #color_blindness__colorblindnes__colour_blindness__color_vision_deficiency__colour_vision_deficiency  genetic inability to distinguish differences in hue
                                subtype:  #epispadias  a congenital abnormality in males in which the urethra is on the upper surface of the penis
                                subtype:  #clinocephaly__clinocephalism  a congenital defect in which the top of the head is depressed (concave instead of convex)
                                subtype:  #clinodactyly  a congenital defect in which one or more toes or fingers are abnormally positioned
                                subtype:  #macroglossia  a congenital disorder characterized by an abnormally large tongue; often seen in cases of Down's syndrome
                                subtype:  #mongolism__mongolianism__Down's_syndrome__Down_syndrome__trisomy_21__trisomy21  a congenital disorder caused by having an extra 21st chromosome; results in a flat face and short stature and mental retardation
                                subtype:  #oxycephaly__acrocephaly  a congenital abnormality of the skull; the top of the skull assumes a cone shape
                                subtype:  #cleft_lip__cleftlip__harelip__cheiloschisis__cheiloschisi  a congenital cleft in the middle of the upper lip
                                subtype:  #cleft_palate__cleftpalate  a congenital fissure of the hard palate
                                subtype:  #amelia  congenital absence of an arm or leg
                                subtype:  #meromelia  congenital absence of part of an arm or leg
                                   subtype:  #adactylia__adactyly__adactylism  congenital absence of fingers and/or toes
                                   subtype:  #phocomelia__seal_limbs  an abnormality of development in which the upper part of an arm or leg is missing so the hands or feet are attached to the body like stumps; rare condition that results from taking thalidomide during pregnancy
                                subtype:  #encephalocele  protrusion of brain tissue through a congenital fissure in the skull
                                subtype:  #familial_hypercholesterolemia  congenital disorder characterized by high levels of cholesterol and early development of atherosclerosis
                                subtype:  #meningocele  a congenital anomaly of the central nervous system in which a sac protruding from the brain or the spinal meninges contains cerebrospinal fluid (but no nerve tissue)
                                subtype:  #myelomeningocele  a congenital defect of the central nervous system in which a sac containing part of the spinal cord and its meninges protrude through a gap in the vertebral column; frequently accompanied by hydrocephalus and mental retardation
                                subtype:  #plagiocephaly  congenital malformation of the skull in which the main axis of the skull is oblique
                                subtype:  #polysomy  congenital defect of having one or more extra chromosomes in somatic cells
                                subtype:  #hermaphroditism  congenital condition in which external genitalia and internal sex organs have both male and female characteristics
                                subtype:  #pseudohermaphroditism  congenital condition in which a person has external genitalia of one sex and internal sex organs of the other sex
                                subtype:  #scaphocephaly  congenital malformation of the skull which is long and narrow; frequently accompanied by mental retardation
                                subtype:  #congenital_heart_defect  a birth defect involving the heart
                                   subtype:  #septal_defect  a congenital abnormality in the septum between the left and right sides of the heart
                                      subtype:  #atrial_septal_defect  an abnormal opening between the left and right atria of the heart
                                      subtype:  #ventricular_septal_defect  a common congenital heart defect; an abnormal opening in the septum dividing the ventricles allows blood to pass directly from the left to the right ventricle; large openings may cause congestive heart failure
                                   subtype:  #tetralogy_of_Fallot__Fallot's_tetralogy__Fallot's_syndrome  a congenital heart defect producing cyanosis; characterized by four symptoms: pulmonary stenosis and ventricular septal defect and malposition of the aorta over both ventricles and hypertrophy of the right ventricle
                                subtype:  #spina_bifida__spinabifida__rachischisis__schistorrhachis__schistorrhachi  a not uncommon congenital defect in which a vertebra is malformed; unless several vertebrae are affected or there is myelomeningocele there are few symptoms; can be diagnosed by amniocentesis
                                subtype:  #spinocerebellar_disorder__spinocerebellardisorder  any of several congenital disorders marked by degeneration of the cerebellum and spinal cord resulting in spasticity and ataxia
                                subtype:  #polydactyly__hyperdactyly  birth defect (in humans) characterized by the presence of more than the normal number of fingers or toes
                                subtype:  #syndactyly__syndactylism  birth defect (in humans) in which there is partial or total webbing connecting two or more fingers or toes
                                subtype:  #tongue_tie__ankyloglossia  a congenital anomaly in which the mucous membrane under the tongue is too short limiting the mobility of the tongue
                          subtype:  #gynecomastia  excessive development of the breasts in males; usually the result of hormonal imbalance or treatment with certain drugs (including some antihypertensives)
                          subtype:  #infantilism.abnormalcy  an abnormal condition in which an older child or adult retains infantile characteristics
                             subtype:  #ateleiosis__ateliosis__ateliosi  a form of infantilism characterized by physical underdevelopment but normal intelligence
                          subtype:  #macrocephaly__megacephaly__megalocephaly  an abnormally large head; differs from hydrocephalus because there is no increased intracranial pressure and the overgrowth is symmetrical
                          subtype:  #microbrachia  abnormally small arms
                          subtype:  #microcephaly__microcephalus__microcephalu__nanocephaly  an abnormally small head and underdeveloped brain
                          subtype:  #pachycheilia  an abnormal thickness of the lips
                          subtype:  #phimosis  an abnormal tightness of the foreskin preventing retraction over the glans
                          subtype:  #sequela  any abnormality following or resulting from a disease or injury or treatment; "paralysis is one of the sequelae of poliomyelitis"
                          subtype:  #strabismus__squint  abnormal alignment of one or both eyes
                             subtype:  #cross-eye__crosseye__crossed_eye__crossedeye__convergent_strabismus__esotropia  strabismus in which one or both eyes turn inward toward the nose
                             subtype:  #walleye__divergent_strabismus__exotropia  strabismus in which one or both eyes are directed outward
                          subtype:  #torticollis__wryneck  an unnatural condition in which the head leans to one side because the neck muscles on that side are contracted
                          subtype:  #varix  abnormally enlarged or twisted blood vessel or lymphatic vessel
                             subtype:  #varicosity  varix or varicose condition in which a vein is swollen and tortuous
                       subtype:  #lactosuria  presence of lactose in the urine; can occur during pregnancy or lactation
                       subtype:  #environmental_condition__environmentalcondition  the state of the environment
                       subtype:  #climate__mood  the prevailing psychological state; "the climate of opinion"; "the national mood had changed radically since the last election"
                       subtype:  #ambience__atmosphere__ambiance  a particular environment or surrounding influence; "there was an atmosphere of excitement"
                       subtype:  #unsusceptibility__immunity  the state of not being susceptible: "unsusceptibility to rust"
                       subtype:  #immunity.state__resistance  (medicine) the condition in which an organism can resist disease
                       subtype:  #subservience  the condition of being something that is useful in reaching an end or carrying out a plan; "all his actions were in subservience to the general plan"
                       subtype:  #susceptibility__susceptibleness__susceptiblenes  the state of being susceptible; easily affected
                       subtype:  #wetness  the condition of containing or being covered by a liquid (especially water); "he confirmed the wetness of the paint"
                       subtype:  #dryness__drynes__waterlessnes__xerote  the condition of not containing or being covered by a liquid (especially water)
                       subtype:  #safety.state  the state of being safe; "the safety of the children"
                       subtype:  #danger.state  the condition of being susceptible to harm or injury; "you are in no danger"; "there was widespread danger of disease"
                       subtype:  #tensity__tenseness__tautness  the physical condition of being stretched or strained; "it places great tension on the leg muscles"; "he could feel the tenseness of her body"
                       subtype:  #atonicity__atonia__amyotonia  lack of normal muscular tension or tonus
                       subtype:  #repair.state  a formal way of referring to the condition of something; "the building was in good repair"
                       subtype:  #soundness__soundnes  a state or condition free from damage or decay
                       subtype:  #mutism  the condition of being unable or unwilling to speak
                       subtype:  #eye_condition__eyecondition  the condition of the optical properties of the eye
                       subtype:  #unsoundness__unsoundnes  a condition of damage or decay
                       subtype:  #iniquity__wickedness__darkness__dark  absence of moral or spiritual values; "the powers of darkness"
                       subtype:  #light.state__illumination  a condition of spiritual awareness; divine illumination; "follow God's light"
                       subtype:  #malady  any unwholesome or desperate condition; "what maladies afflict our nation?"
                       subtype:  #serration.state  the condition of being serrated; "the serrations of a city skyline"
                       subtype:  #fruition  the condition of bearing fruit
                       subtype:  #impaction.state  the condition of being pressed closely together and firmly fixed
                       subtype:  #rustication.state  the condition naturally attaching to life in the country
                       subtype:  pm#perfect_condition__perfectcondition
                       subtype:  pm#worn
                    subtype:  #conditionality  the state of being conditional
                    subtype:  #state_of_affairs__situation  the general state of things; the combination of circumstances at a given time; "the present international situation is dangerous"; "wondered how such a state of affairs had come about"; "eternal truths will be neither true nor eternal unless they have fresh meaning for every new social situation"- Franklin D.Roosevelt
                    subtype:  #relationship  a state of connectedness between people (especially an emotional connection); "he didn't want his wife to know of the relationship"
                    subtype:  #relationship.state  a state involving mutual dealings between people or parties or countries
                    subtype:  #tribalism.state  the state of living together in tribes
                    subtype:  #utopia  ideally perfect state; especially in its social and political and moral aspects
                    subtype:  #dystopia  state in which the condition of life is extremely bad as from deprivation or oppression or terror
                    subtype:  #wild__natural_state__naturalstate__state_of_nature  a wild primitive state untouched by civilization; "he lived in the wild"
                    subtype:  #isomerism  the state of being an isomer; the complex of chemical and physical phenomena characteristic of isomers
                    subtype:  #degree.state__level__stage__point  a specific identifiable position in a continuum or series or especially in a process; "a remarkable degree of frankness"; "at what stage are the social sciences?"
                    subtype:  #office.state__power  (of a government or government official) holding an office means being in power; "being in office already gives a candidate a great advantage"; "during his first year in power"
                    subtype:  #status__position  the relative position or standing of things or especially persons in a society: "he had the status of a minor"; "the novel attained the status of a classic"; "atheists do not enjoy a favorable position in American life"
                    subtype:  #beingness__beingnes__existence  the state or fact of existing: "a point of view gradually coming into being"; "laws in existence for centuries"
                    subtype:  #nonbeing  the state of not being
                    subtype:  #death.state  the absence of life or state of being dead; "he seemed more content in death than he had ever been in life"
                    subtype:  #employ__employment  the state of being employed or having a job; "they are looking for employment"; "he was in the employ of the city"
                    subtype:  #unemployment  the state of being unemployed or not having a job: "unemployment is a serious social evil"; "the rate of unemployment is an indicator of the health of an economy"
                    subtype:  #order.state  established customary state (especially of society); "order ruled in the streets"; "law and order"
                    subtype:  #disorder  a disturbance of the peace or of public order
                    subtype:  #enmity__hostility__antagonism  a state of deep-seated ill-will
                    subtype:  #conflict.state  a state of opposition between persons or ideas or interests; "his conflict of interest made him ineligible for the post"; "a conflict of loyalties"
                    subtype:  #illumination  the degree of visibility of your environment
                    subtype:  #freedom  the condition of being free; the power to act or speak or think without externally imposed restraints
                    subtype:  #representation.state__delegacy__agency  the state of serving as an official and authorized delegate or agent
                    subtype:  #dependance__dependence__dependency  lack of independence or self-sufficiency
                    subtype:  #motionlessness__stillness__stillnes  a state of no motion or movement
                    subtype:  #non-issue__nonissue__dead_letter  the state of something that has outlived its relevance
                    subtype:  #action.state__activity__activeness  the state of being active; "his sphere of activity"; "he is out of action"
                    subtype:  #inaction.state__inactivity__inactiveness  the state of being inactive
                    subtype:  #temporary_state  a state that continues for a limited time
                    subtype:  #imminence__imminency__impendence__impendency__forthcomingness  the state of being imminent and liable to happen soon
                    subtype:  #preparedness__readiness__readines  the state of being ready or prepared for use or action (especially military action); "putting them in readiness"
                    subtype:  #kalemia  the presence of potassium in the circulating blood
                    subtype:  #separation.unity  the state of lacking unity
                    subtype:  #union.state  the state of being united; "there is strength in union"
                    subtype:  #matureness__maturity  state of being mature; full development
                    subtype:  #immaturity__immatureness  not having reached maturity
                    subtype:  #state_of_grace__grace__saving_grace  a state of sanctification by God
                    subtype:  #eternal_damnation__eternaldamnation__damnation  the state of being condemned to eternal punishment in Hell
                    subtype:  #omniscience  the state of being omniscient; having infinite knowledge
                    subtype:  #omnipotence  the state of being omnipotent; having unlimited power
                    subtype:  #flawlessness__perfection__ne_plus_ultra  the state of being without a flaw or defect
                    subtype:  #wholeness__wholenes__integrity__wholeness__wholenes  an unreduced or unbroken completeness or totality
                    subtype:  #imperfection__imperfectness__imperfectnes  the state or an instance of being imperfect
                    subtype:  #receivership.state  the state of property that is in the hands of a receiver; "the business is in receivership"
                    subtype:  #ownership.state  the state or fact of being an owner
                    subtype:  #end.state__destruction__death  a final state; "he came to a bad end"; "the so-called glorious experiment came to an inglorious end"
                    subtype:  #sale.state  the state of being purchasable; offered or exhibited for selling; "vitamin C is on sale at most pharmacies"; "the new line of cars will soon be on sale"
                    subtype:  #turgor  (biology) the normal rigid state of fullness of a cell or blood vessel or capillary resulting from pressure of the contents against the wall or membrane
                    subtype:  #polyvalence__multivalence__mulltivalency  the state of being polyvalent
                    subtype:  adfp9#end-state__endstate  End-state is identified at the national and military levels as follows: a. the national end-state is the set of desired conditions, incorporating the elements of national power that will achieve the national objectives; b. the military end-state is the set of desired conditions beyond which the use of military force is no longer required to achieve national objectives.
                 subtype:  #feeling  the state of experiencing affective and emotional states; "he had a feeling of euphoria"
                 subtype:  #cognitive_process__cognitiveproces__process__proces__cognitive_operation__cognitiveoperation__act  the performance of some composite cognitive activity; an operation that affects mental contents; "the process of thinking"; "the act of remembering"
                 subtype:  #unconscious_process__unconsciousproces__process__proces  a mental process that you are not directly aware of; "the process of denial"
                 subtype:  #human_action__humanaction__act__human_activity__humanactivity  something that people do or cause to happen
                 subtype:  #phenomenon  any state or process known through the senses rather than by intuition or reasoning
                 subtype:  #event  something that happens at a given place and time
           subtype:  dl#strongly_non-empty_perdurant_class__NEP.S  this kind of perdurant have at least two instances not related by a part relation
           subtype:  dl#cumulative_perdurant_class__CM  a "sum" of instances of this kind of perdurant is of this kind of perdurant
           subtype:  dl#anticumulative_perdurant_class__CM~  a "sum" of instances of this kind of perdurant (unconnected by a part relation) is not of this kind of perdurant
           subtype:  dl#homeomerous_perdurant_class__homeomerousperdurantclas__hom  any part is of the same type
           subtype:  dl#anti-homeomerous_perdurant_class__HOM~  no part is of the same type
           subtype:  dl#atomic_perdurant_class__AT  no perdurant of this kind has a proper part
           subtype:  dl#anti-atomic_perdurant_class__AT~  any perdurant of this kind has a proper part
           instance:  pm#situation  something that "occurs" in a real/imaginary region of time and space
        subtype:  pm#attribute_class__attributeclas  class that has for instances subclasses of sumo#Attribute
        subtype:  pm#substance_class__substanceclas  class that has for instances subclasses of sumo#substance
        subtype:  pm#virtual_class__virtualclas  class that should not be used directly: its subtypes should be used instead
        subtype:  wfm#case_type
        subtype:  wfm#resource_class
        instance:  pm#class_of_inheritable_relation_type (pm)
        instance:  pm#thing__something___T__t___3D_or_4D_thing_or_anything_else  any category (type or individual) is instance of this type; any type is also a subtype of this type
        instance:  pm#nothing (pm)
     instance:  pm#binary_relation_type  all binary relation types are instance of that object
  subtype:  dolce#universal__UNIVERSAL
  subtype:  pm#1st_order_type__1stordertype__type1  all 1st order types are implicitely or explicitely instance of that 2nd-order type
  subtype:  pm#2nd_order_type__2ndordertype__type2  all 2nd order types are implicitely or explicitely instance of that 3rd order type


1 schema is about pm#type
[lis#graph1_on_type
     [any pm#type,
          may be pm#object of: (a #removal,
               pm#time: a pm#time_measure,
               pm#purpose: a pm#situation)]
](27/05/2009);

No  statement uses a specialization of pm#type; click here to add a statement.

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